Chapter 17: Foreign Policy And National Defense . Whytne Kingsley Luke Reinke Rachel Pregont . Section 1: Foreign Affairs and National Security.
Foreign policy includes all the stands and actions a nation takes in its relationships with other nations. The State Department carries out the President’s diplomatic policies. The armed forces provide the nation’s defense, but are under civilian control of the President.
Secretary of State
Besides the Departments of State and Defense, several other government agencies are closely involved with foreign policy. These agencies oversee such tasks as gathering and analyzing intelligence information, supervising the draft, exploring space, and strengthening homeland security.
Department of Homeland Security
A knowledge of the history of American foreign policy is essential to understanding foreign policy issues today. Over time, the United States changed from an isolationist nation to a world power. Although the United States is the only superpower today, the world remains a dangerous place.
The United States works with other nations to keep the peace and to ensure political stability around the world. American foreign aid strengthens the economies and security of nations important to the United States.
ANZUS Pact of 1951 uniting Australia, New Zealand, and the U.S.
Japanese Pact of 1951: a peace treaty signed after WWII
Philippines Pact of 1951
Korean Pact of 1953
Taiwan Pact of 1954Other Alliances
Trusteeship Council: The UN Charter requires each member to promote the well-being of the peoples of all “non-self-governing territories” as “sacred trust.”
International Court of Justice: UN’s judicial department
Secretariat: civil service branch of the UNOther Important UN Bodies
A. World War II. B. Spanish-American War. C. Revolutionary War. D. World War I.
2. The Framers included civilian control in the Constitution to
A. protect free government from the inherent threat of military power. B. reconfirm that the government was established and run by the American people. C. prevent civilians from being forced to quarter troops. D. ensure that the President was not a member of the military.
3. Tools of U.S. foreign policy include alliances, economic and military aid to other nations, and
A. taxation. B. UN membership. C. domestic affairs. D. gender discrimination.
4. What is necessary for the draft to be reactivated?
A. The President must re-enact conscription. B. Congress must renew the President's power to order the draft. C. The Joint Chiefs of Staff must agree that additional manpower is required. D. The Department of Defense must formally propose to the President that national compulsory military service be reinstated.
5. NATO is a regional security alliance that was formed to promote the defense of
A. Western Europe. B. Middle East. C. Philippines. D. Latin America.
6. Which of the following leaders deserves much of the credit for the end of the cold war? A. Mikhail Gorbachev B. Bill Clinton C. Jimmy Carter D. Boris Yeltsin7. The international organization that works to maintain international peace and security is the A. League of Nations. B. United Nations. C. World Peace Organization. D. State Department.8. The United States has endeavored to ensure collective security by A. changing its foreign policy to reflect its isolated stance. B. decreasing the amount it spends on foreign aid. C. shutting down U.S. military bases in Europe and Asia. D. setting up a network of regional alliances.9. The spread of communism in Eastern Europe led to the A. establishment of the United Nations. B. Truman Doctrine. C. return to isolationism by the United States. D. Monroe Doctrine.10. United States foreign policy in Central and South America was largely shaped by A. Seward's Folly. B. the Monroe Doctrine. C. Open Door Policy. D. Manifest Destiny.
11. In order to visit a foreign country, a traveler is usually required to possess A. a passport. B. diplomatic immunity. C. a social security card. D. a visa from the American consulate.12. A period of détente occurred A. after the United States won World War II. B. during the 1800s. C. during the 1940s. D. as the United States withdrew from the Vietnam War.13. The arrest of an ambassador would be considered a violation of A. foreign policy. B. diplomatic immunity. C. the principle of civilian control. D. espionage.14. Making America and its allies strong militarily in order to discourage attack is called A. prevention. B. discouragement. C. deterrence. D. aggression.15. When Benjamin Franklin became America's minister to France he was exercising A. détente. B. the right of legation. C. domestic policy. D. senatorial courtesy.
16. What military conflict was the first in history to have armed forces of several nations fighting under an international flag against aggression? A. World War II B. the Vietnam War C. the Cold War D. the Korean War17. Which of the following plays a key role in creating U.S. military policy? A. the Central Intelligence Agency B. the Joint Chiefs of Staff C. the Secretary of State D. ambassadors and other diplomats18. After World War II, the United States A. moved from an international role to an isolationist role. B. moved from creating security alliances to joining political alliances. C. moved from an isolationist role to an international role. D. formed the League of Nations.19. All of the following are major tasks of the Central Intelligence Agency EXCEPT A. maintenance of domestic intelligence. B. analysis and evaluation of data collected in the areas of foreign affairs and national defense. C. coordination of information-gathering activities of agencies involved in foreign affairs. D. apprising the President and National Security Council of all intelligence gathered.20. Which of the following lists the events in correct chronological order? A. Cuban Missile Crisis, Korean War, Vietnam War, Persian Gulf War B. Korean War, Cuban Missile Crisis, Vietnam War, Persian Gulf War C. Vietnam War, Korean War, Cuban Missile Crisis, Persian Gulf War D. Korean War, Cuban Missile Crisis, Persian Gulf War, Vietnam War
1. World War II.2. protect free government from the inherent threat of military power.
3. UN membership.
4. Congress must renew the President's power to order the draft.
5. Western Europe.
6. Mikhail Gorbachev
7. United Nations.
8. setting up a network of regional alliances.
9. Truman Doctrine.
10. the Monroe Doctrine.
11. a passport.
12. as the United States withdrew from the Vietnam War.
13. diplomatic immunity.
15. the right of legation.
16. the Korean War
17. the Joint Chiefs of Staff
18. moved from an isolationist role to an international role.
19. maintenance of domestic intelligence.
20. Korean War, Cuban Missile Crisis, Vietnam War, Persian Gulf War