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Breeds of Horses Horse Colors Horse Colors Continued How tall is a horse? The height of a horse is expressed in “ hands ” A hand is equal to 4 inches. The height of a horse is measured at the withers. Appalossa Originated in U.S. from horses brought from Spain.

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how tall is a horse
How tall is a horse?
  • The height of a horse

is expressed in “hands”

  • A hand is equal to

4 inches.

  • The height of a horse is measured at the withers.
  • Originated in U.S. from horses brought

from Spain.

  • They are white over hips and loins with dark spots. Sometimes they are white all over.
  • The Nez Perce Indian tribe developed the breed.
american bashkir curly
American Bashkir Curly
  • Originated in Russia, near the Ural mountains.
  • Has long silky curly hair.
  • Hair sheds in summer grows back in winter.
  • Can be many different colors.
american mustang
American Mustang
  • Originated in U.S. from horses brought to New World by Spanish.
  • Originally came from North Africa.
  • Used for show and pleasure riding, jumping and as a stock horse.
  • May be any color.
  • Originated in Arabia
  • Small, 850-1100 lbs.
  • Used for pleasure, showing and as a stock horse.
  • Colors are bay, gray and chestnut a few are black.
  • Originated in Spain.
  • There are very few in the U.S. because Spain did not allow exports.
  • Used for pleasure, jumping and bullfighting.
  • Colors are bay, white and gray and black
american cream
American Cream
  • Originated in the U.S.
  • Is a color breed-registered on basis of color.
  • Used for riding exhibition and as a stock horse.
  • Originated in Belgium
  • A draft horse
  • Weight- 1,900 to 2,200 lbs.
  • Colors bay, chestnut and roan.
  • Originated in U.S. from Spanish stock.
  • Is a color breed.
  • Used for pleasure riding and as a stock horse.
  • Colors, buckskin, dun and red dun
chincoteague pony
Chincoteague Pony
  • Descends from the wild horses on Assateague Island off the coast of Va. And Maryland.
  • Were brought to Island from mainland by their owners to avoid taxes in the 17th century
  • They are pony size 12-13 hands high, due to poor diet and harsh environment.
  • Due to large amount of salt in diet they drink twice as much water as other domestic horses.
  • The large amount of water they drink gives them a bloated look.
cleveland bay
Cleveland Bay
  • Originated in England
  • Larger horse-1,150-1400 lbs.
  • Used as a utility horse, pleasure riding and driving.
  • Color- Solid bay with black legs.
connemara pony
Connemara Pony
  • Originated in Ireland
  • Came to U.S. in 1951
  • Used for jumping and pleasure riding.
  • Colors- Roan or chestnut, bay, black, brown, cream, dun or gray.
  • Originated in Scotland
  • Used as a draft horse
  • Weights between 1,700 and 1,900 lbs.
  • Colors- bay and brown with white markings.
  • Originated in Spain
  • Small breed-12 to 13 hands high.
  • Used for pleasure riding.
  • Colors are bay,black, chestnut, dun and brown.
  • Originated in England
  • Weighs 800 to 1,200 lbs.
  • Used as a harness or carriage horse.
  • Colors-bay, brown or chestnut, with white markings.
missouri fox trotting horse
Missouri Fox TrottingHorse
  • Came from the Ozarks in Missouri.
  • Major use is pleasure riding
  • Has a fox trot gait
  • Color is sorrel, usually with white markings.
  • Originated in France
  • Is a draft horse
  • Weight 1,900-2,000lbs.
  • Color –bay, brown, chestnut and roan.
  • Originated in California.
  • A cross between Morgan and Arabian.
  • Used for showing , endurance riding and pleasure riding.
  • Colors-may be any color, but without spots.
  • Originated in the New England States, during the late 1700’s.
  • Used for pleasure riding, and as a stock horse.
  • Is the foundation breed for many breeds in the U.S.
  • Colors- bay, black brown and Chestnut.
  • Originated in the U.S. from Spanish Stock.
  • Used for pleasure riding, stock, harness and as a parade horse.
  • Color-gold- color does not breed true in crosses. Mane and tail are lighter colors.
  • Originated in the U.S.
  • Preferred color is ½ white and ½ colored .
  • Legs are usually white.
  • 4-types, stock, pleasure, hunter and saddle.
pony of the americas
Pony of the Americas
  • Originated in U.S.
  • Color patterns of the


  • Used for pleasure riding and showing.
  • From 11 to 13 hands


quarter horse
Quarter Horse
  • Originated in U.S.
  • First used as a race horse. “quarter miler”
  • Comes in most colors
  • Used for pleasure riding, racing, showing and as a stock horse.
shetland pony
Shetland Pony
  • Originated in Shetland Islands.
  • May be any horse color.
  • Two sizes- less than

10-3 hands and between 10-3 and

11-1 hands high.

  • Used for pleasure riding by children and for showing and racing.
spanish mustang
Spanish Mustang
  • Originated in U.S. from horses brought to this country from Spain.
  • Color-may have any the horse colors.
  • A small horse 13 to 14-2 hands high.
  • Used for pleasure riding and as stock and pack horse.
  • Originated in the U.S.
  • Colors are bay, black, brown and chestnut. Other colors may accour.
  • Developed as a harness racing horse
tennessee walking horse
Tennessee Walking Horse
  • Originated in the U.S.
  • Colors include sorrel, chestnut, black, bay, brown, white and golden.
  • Noted for it’s running walk gait.
  • Used for pleasure riding and showing.
  • Originated in England.
  • Development as a race horse began in the 17th. Century
  • Colors include bay, brown, and chestnut
  • Used as a race horse
  • Originated in East Prussia.
  • Name comes from the town in East Prussia were the breed was established.
  • Large horse 16-17 hands.
  • Used as a dressage horse- has elegant movement.