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  1. Selection of Horses Chapter 31

  2. Objectives • Describe the characteristics of the horse industry • Describe the common breeds of horses • Describe the selection of a horse

  3. Horses in the United States • In the U.S., 75 percent of horses are used for personal pleasure • Another 25 percent are used for ranching, racing, breeding, and commercial riding • The three main types of horse enterprises are breeding, training, and boarding stables

  4. Horses in the United States (cont.) • The most popular breeds of horses • Quarter Horse • Thoroughbred • Paint • Appaloosa • Arabian

  5. Horses in the United States (cont.) • The leading states in horse numbers • Texas • California • Florida • Oklahoma • Kentucky

  6. Horses in the United States (cont.) • The horse industry brings in $39 billion in economic activity each year • Horses contribute to economic growth • Horses allow people to get exercise with riding • Horses help in releasing tension and help people gain a sense of responsibility

  7. Selection of Horses • Definition of Terms • Foal – either sex, up to 1 year old • Filly – female, less than 3 years old • Colts – male, less than 3 years old • Mare – mature female, 4 years and up • Stallion – mature male, 4 years and up • Gelding – castrated male

  8. Selection of Horses (cont.) • Use of the Horse • Pleasure • Breeding • Working stock • Show • Sport

  9. Selection of Horses (cont.) • Sources of Horses • Breeders • Private owners • Auctions • Dealers

  10. Selection of Horses (cont.) • Age of Horse to Buy • Horses aged 5 to 12 years are in the prime of their lives • Horses in this range or older are good choices for inexperienced riders • Inexperienced riders may find riding young horses a challenge

  11. Selection of Horses (cont.) • Sex of Horse to Buy • Stallions often hard to manage, control • Geldings or mares are better choices for pleasure riding • Geldings more steady, dependable, while mares more excitable

  12. Selection of Horses (cont.) • Breed Selection • Some breeds more adapted to particular uses than others • Intended use of horse should narrow breed selection • Pleasure riding • Showing • Breeding

  13. Selection of Horses (cont.) • Conformation • Feet, legs are the most important part of horse • The four basic colors of horses are • Bay • Black • Brown • Chestnut

  14. Selection of Horses (cont.) • Face and Leg Markings

  15. Selection of Horses (cont.) • Face and Leg Markings (cont.)

  16. Selection of Horses (cont.) • Age of Horses • Approximate age can be determined by looking at the front teeth • Gait • Movement of the horse’s feet and legs • Pedigree • Greatest importance when selecting race and show horses

  17. Selection of Horses (cont.) • Records • Breed association forms available for keeping records of registered horses • Price • Prices range from small amount to thousands of dollars • Prices vary with season

  18. Breeds of Light Horses and Ponies • American Paint

  19. Breeds of Light Horses and Ponies (cont.) • American Saddlebred Horse

  20. Breeds of Light Horses and Ponies (cont.) • Andalusian

  21. Breeds of Light Horses and Ponies (cont.) • Appaloosa

  22. Breeds of Light Horses and Ponies (cont.) • Arabian

  23. Breeds of Light Horses and Ponies (cont.) • Buckskin

  24. Breeds of Light Horses and Ponies (cont.) • Cleveland Bay

  25. Breeds of Light Horses and Ponies (cont.) • Connemara Pony

  26. Breeds of Light Horses and Ponies (cont.) • Galiceno

  27. Breeds of Light Horses and Ponies (cont.) • Missouri Fox Trotting Horse

  28. Breeds of Light Horses and Ponies (cont.) • Morgan

  29. Breeds of Light Horses and Ponies (cont.) • Palomino

  30. Breeds of Light Horses and Ponies (cont.) • Pinto

  31. Breeds of Light Horses and Ponies (cont.) • Pony of the Americas

  32. Breeds of Light Horses and Ponies (cont.) • Quarter Horse

  33. Breeds of Light Horses and Ponies (cont.) • Shetland Pony

  34. Breeds of Light Horses and Ponies (cont.) • Standardbred

  35. Breeds of Light Horses and Ponies (cont.) • Tennessee Walking Horse

  36. Breeds of Light Horses and Ponies (cont.) • Thoroughbred

  37. Breeds of Light Horses and Ponies (cont.) • Walking Pony

  38. Breeds of Draft Horses • Clydesdale

  39. Breeds of Draft Horses • Donkeys and Mules

  40. Unsoundness and Blemishes • Unsoundness • Defect that affects the usefulness of a horse • Most serious affects feet and legs • Blemish • Imperfection that does not affect the usefulness of a horse

  41. Vices • After idleness and poor handling, horses can develop bad habits known as vices • Most common • Cribbing • Wind sucking • Halter pulling • Kicking