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A General EXCEL Solution for LTPD Type Sampling Plans. David C. Trindade, Ph.D. Sun Microsystems David Meade AMD. 1999 Joint Statistical Meetings. Baltimore, MD. Lot Acceptance Sampling. Assume single random sample of size n from a process or a very large lot.

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a general excel solution for ltpd type sampling plans

A General EXCEL Solution for LTPD Type Sampling Plans

David C. Trindade, Ph.D.

Sun Microsystems

David Meade

AMD

1999 Joint Statistical Meetings

Baltimore, MD

lot acceptance sampling
Lot Acceptance Sampling
  • Assume single random sample of size n from a process or a very large lot.
  • Binomial distribution is appropriate.
  • Refer to as type B sampling.
sampling plan
Sampling Plan
  • Specifies
    • the sample sizen
    • the acceptance numberc
  • An operating characteristic(OC) curve shows the probability of lot acceptance for a given level of incoming lot percent defective p
ltpd plans
LTPD Plans
  • The quality level at 10% probability of acceptance (consumer’s risk) is called the LTPD.
  • This rejectable quality level (RQL) is highest percent defective (poorest quality) tolerable in a small percentage of product.
  • Borderline of distinction between a satisfactory lot and an unsatisfactory one.
  • LTPD plans are used for many product qualification plans to assure consumer protection.
common sampling problem in industry
Common Sampling Problem in Industry
  • There are constraints on sample size based on limited time, money, or other resources.
  • There is often the need to adjust sample size and corresponding acceptance number while holding LTPD constant.
limitations of tables
Limitations of Tables
  • LTPD values restricted to only those listed.
  • There are finite ranges of sample sizes and acceptance numbers.
example case
Example Case
  • Reliability qualification plan for integrated circuits calls for stressing a sample of 300 units for 1000 hours. Pass requirement is no more than three failures.
  • Early samples are precious, costing approximately $10,000 each and are needed for other evaluations.
  • How can the engineer reduce the sample size and allowed failures while holding the LTPD constant?
approaches by engineer
Approaches by Engineer
  • First, the LTPD value must be determined.
  • Then, LTPD tables may be consulted to see if n = 300 and c = 3 are tabulated.
  • Approximation may be necessary:
    • Checking LTPD table, we see n = 333 and c = 3 for LTPD = 2%.
    • For c = 1, LTPD = 2%, we need n = 195.
graphical techniques
Graphical Techniques*

*Applied Reliability, 2nd ed., P. Tobias and D. Trindade

graphical results
Graphical Results
  • For n = 300, c = 3, LTPD = 2.2%.
  • For LTPD = 2.2%, c = 1, n ~ 180.

There is a limitation in these graphs to

only c = 0, 1, 2, or 3.

final comments
Final Comments
  • Description and theory presented in paper.
  • LTPD add-in and paper available for download from www.trindade.com/LTPD.html
  • Questions to:
    • david.trindade@eng.sun.com
    • david.meade@amd.com (VB programming)