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Chapter Five. How did the physical geography of Japan affect its worldview ? In what ways did Japan isolate itself from the rest of the world ? How did isolation during the Edo period lead to changes in Japan ?

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chapter five
Chapter Five
  • How did the physical geography of Japan affect its worldview?
  • In what ways did Japan isolate itself from the rest of the world?
  • How did isolation during the Edo period lead to changes in Japan?
  • How did the changes resulting from isolation affect Japan economically, politically and socially during the Edo period?
  • How did the shogun use the feudal system and the hierarchical social classes to maintain control in Japan?
how did the physical geography of japan affect its worldview
How did the physical geography of Japan affect its worldview?
  • Neighbours (China, Russia, Korea)
  • Volcanoes
  • Island Nation
  • Mountains
  • Rainfall/humid
in what ways did japan isolate itself from the world
In what ways did Japan isolate itself from the world?
  • Foreign Influences
    • Japan thrived with trade in the 15th century
    • European nations started to show up in Japan
    • Tokugawa didn’t want Japanese people exposed to Western ideas
    • Worried about becoming another colony
    • Foreign ships were only allowed to land at Deshima (Nagasaki)
christianity
Christianity
  • Remember grade 7... many of the Europeanships carried missionaries on them!
  • Many people in the Nagasaki area (Deshima)

converted to Christianity

The shogun/bakufu feared a loss of control (they were viewed as having the most power, if they followed the leaders (God) of Christian nations, the shogun would lose power

  • Shoguns decided to isolate Japan from Westernnations because of this
the national seclusion policypg 136
The National Seclusion Policypg. 136
  • The Bakufu passed edicts to tighten control
  • Helped the Bakufu have a strong government

which was centralized

Closed Country Edict 1635

  • Japanese ships can't travel to foreign countries
  • No Japanese person is to go abroad. If they are found, they will be executed
  • If people are returning from overseas, they will be put to death
  • If any western barbarian teaches Christianity or commits a crime, they will be put to death
  • No single city is allowed to buy all foreign merchandise
  • Portuguese ships are banned from Japanese ports upon pain of death
bakufu controlling the daimyo
Bakufu controlling the Daimyo:
  • Three Classes of Daimyo:
    • Super trusted/loyal
    • Family
    • No trust, hate you
  • The daimyo could NOT moveout of their class!!!
  • Daimyo Laws:
  • No contact between daimyos, especially if

they are traitors to the shogun

  • Only one castle/domain
  • Must provide a map of the landholdings/castle
  • Daimyo must support building up their domain(financially)
  • Must spend every second year in Edo
  • All commoners must register at Buddhist temples
  • When you want to get married, the Bakufumustapprove the marriage
  • NO travel or shipbuilding
social hierarchy
Social Hierarchy
  • Was made into law
  • Basically made it impossibleto chance social classes
  • People were very prejudiceagainst people not in theirsocial class
community change with isolation
Community Change with Isolation
  • Roads started to be developed
  • The shogun controlled five main roads
  • Daimyo and their entourages (which are?)

would travel along the main roads

  • Changed the economy as they needed togive these people a place to stay/foodalong their journey
  • People moved to cities (urbanization)
  • Cities had to rely on the rural areas forfood
popular culture
Popular Culture
  • Began to flourish with urbanization
  • People desired luxury, opulent things
  • People had more time (no war) so they turnedto the arts
  • Samurai started to be educated
    • Made them known for more thanjust their rank/military accomplishments
kabuki theatre
Kabuki Theatre
  • Only men were allowed to act
  • Re-enacted life issues
  • Very elaborate (make-up, plots, action)
  • Performed by non-humans
bunraku theatre
Bunraku Theatre
  • Puppet theatre
  • For adults, not children
  • Performed by non-humans
geishas
Geishas
  • Had amazing etiquette
  • Knew all about dancing, singing,witty conversation, tea ceremony andfloral arrangement
  • Were hired as entertainment
  • Were a reflection of cultural values
woodblock images
Woodblock Images
  • Prints of paintings on wood
  • Artists would carve main lines of the artinto the wood
  • Put paint in the lines/creases and then the woodwould be pressed onto canvas
  • VOILA! A print of the actual painting...for a lot cheaper!
books and literature
Books and Literature
  • Used both the printing press AND woodblocks
  • It was hard to use the printing press because of the Japanese characters
  • No writing on Christianity was allowed
  • No books on anything deemed immoral
  • Many books on social skills and farming
  • Books started to be printed, usually stories

which would make good kabuki plays

  • Haikus started to be developed and were loved

Basho Matsuo was the first poet of Haikus

japanese aesthetics what they believe is beautiful
Japanese Aesthetics (What they believeis beautiful)
  • Japanese gardens
  • Simplicity
  • Serenity
  • Miniaturization
not totally isolated
Not TOTALLY Isolated
  • Still allowed contact with China and Korea
  • China had a large impact as they were one

of the few countries that had access

  • The Dutch were allowed limited access to
  • Japan as well
  • Dutch didn't bring missionaries
  • Taught the Japanese a lot about medicine
  • Learning Dutch became fashionable in Japan
  • Shogun started allowing them to bring in SOME
  • western books