vocabulary n.
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  1. LT: I can define important vocabulary Vocabulary Earth and Space Credit: Katie Brown, Shuksan Middle School

  2. Axis (noun) • Definition: An imaginary line that goes through the center of the earth. • Sentence: The earth’s axis goes from the north pole to the south pole. • The earth tilts on its axis.

  3. Rotation (noun) root word = rotate • Definition: To turn or spin around a central point or axis. • Sentence: The Earth’srotationtakes 24 hours. Which direction does the earth rotate? What gesture can you create that shows rotation?

  4. Revolution (noun) root word = revolve • Definition: To move in a curved path around a central object, such as a star or planet. • Sentence: The Earth revolves around the sun. It makes onerevolutionevery 365.25 days (1 year).

  5. What is the difference between the words “rotate” and “revolve?” • Rotate means ___________, but revolvemeans_________.

  6. Use these words: rotation, axis, revolution The earth rotates on its central point, or ________. It makes one full ____________ on its axis every 24 hours and one ______________ around the sun every 365.25 days.

  7. Orbit (noun or verb) “Orbit” is a thing • Definition: The curved path of an object around a central object in space. • Sentence: (noun) The comet might cross the earth’s orbit. • Sentence: (verb) The planet Mercury orbits the sun. “Orbit” is an action

  8. What’s the difference between “revolve” and “orbit?” THINK PAIR SHARE

  9. Satellite (noun) • Definition: A natural object that orbits around another object in space. • Sentence: The earth is asatelliteof the sun.

  10. Are these statements correct? Why or why not? The earth is a satellite of the sun.The sun is a satellite of the earth.The earth orbits the sun.We put a satellite into orbit. THINK…. THEN SHOW!

  11. Solar System (noun) • Definition: A system of planets or other bodies orbiting another star. • Sentence: There are eight planets in our solar system.

  12. Galaxy (noun) • Definition: Group of billions of stars and their planets, within the universe. • Sentence: Our solar system is located in the Milky Way galaxy.

  13. Universe (noun) • Definition: All matter and energy, including galaxies, solar systems, and all of the contents of space. • Sentence : Scientists love to explore the universeto learn new things about deep space.

  14. Which is bigger? • A solar system? • A galaxy? • The universe?

  15. Star (noun) • Definition: A sphere of hot glowing gases that releases energy in the form of heat and light. • Sentence: When the sky is clear, you can see many stars. They look like this! Not like this!

  16. Planet (noun) • Definition: A massive, spherical (circular) space object that orbits a star. • Sentence: Two planets in our solar system are called Mercury and Venus.

  17. Comet (noun) • Definition: A mass of frozen gas, cosmic dust, ice crystals, and organic material that orbits the sun. • Sentence: The light of a passing comet is exciting to watch.

  18. Asteroid (noun) • Definition: A mostly rocky object that orbits the sun. • Sentence: Many people want to know what would happen if a large asteroid hit the earth.

  19. Meteoroid (noun) • Definition: A solid object moving in space that is smaller than an asteroid. • Sentence: A meteoroid that comes near earth usually breaks up in the atmosphere.

  20. Comparison Matrix Put an “x” in the correct box

  21. Using the correct word

  22. Meteoroid? Meteor? Meteorite? • If you saw a flash of light go across the sky, like a shooting star, it would most likely be a _________. • If you found a rock in the desert that came from space, it might be a ___________. • If you saw an object space that looked smaller than an asteroid, it may be a __________. • If you see something burning up in the atmosphere, it could be a ____________.

  23. What does this picture represent? Explain why. (There can be more than one answer) Words to use: Galaxy Universe Star Satellite Orbit

  24. What does this picture represent? Explain why. (There can be more than one answer) Words to use: Galaxy Universe Star Satellite Orbit

  25. What does this picture represent? Explain why. (There can be more than one answer) Words to use: Meteoroid Meteor Meteorite Asteroid Comet

  26. What does this picture represent? Explain why. (There can be more than one answer) Words to use: Rotation Revolution Axis Planet Orbit

  27. What does this picture represent? Explain why. (There can be more than one answer) Words to use: Rotation Revolution Axis Planet Orbit

  28. What does this picture represent? Explain why. (There can be more than one answer) Words to use: Meteoroid Meteor Meteorite Asteroid Comet