Download
vocabulary n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Vocabulary PowerPoint Presentation

Vocabulary

102 Views Download Presentation
Download Presentation

Vocabulary

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Vocabulary • Crusades- A series of “Holy Wars” that were undertaken to recapture the Holy Land.

  2. Warm up • Why was it called “The Black Death”?

  3. The Crusades

  4. How did it begin? • Began in 1093 when the Byzantine Emperor wrote a letter read by Pope Urban II • The Pope then called for a “Holy War” against the Muslim Turks • How long did it last? • Over 200 Years

  5. Who fought the Crusades? • Knights • Younger sons who would not inherit property • What were Crusaders promised? • If they died on the Crusade they were assured a place in heaven • What was their attire? • Tunics with red crosses on their chest

  6. First Crusade • Goal: To take back the Holy Land and Jerusalem • 1096-1099 • Result: Captured Jerusalem on July 15 1099 and a 650 mile stretch of land from Edessa (north) to Jerusalem (south)

  7. Second Crusade • Goal: Retake Edessa • 1145-1187 • Edessa was recaptured by the Muslim Turks in 1144 • Result: Crusaders were defeated and shocked to find that Jerusalem had fallen to the Muslim leader Saladin

  8. Third Crusade • Goal: Recapture Jerusalem • 1189-1192 • Leader of Crusaders: King Richard The Lion Hearted of England • Result: King Richard was unable to recapture Jerusalem but he and Saladin agree to a truce • Muslims keep Jerusalem but Christians are free to visit the cities holy places

  9. Fourth Crusade • Goal: Retake Jerusalem • 1202-1204 • Result: Knights did not reach Holy Land and looted Constantinople instead

  10. Spanish Crusade • 1100-1492 • Reconquista • Effort to drive Muslims out of Spain • The leaders of Spain (Ferdinand and Isabella) instituted a tribunal held by the Church called The Inquisition to eliminate Heresy • Jewish and Muslim converts were questioned & tortured to see if they held beliefs different from that of the Church

  11. Closing • Are there any similarities between the Crusades and Islamic Jihad??