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5 Themes of geography. What are the five themes?. Tools geographer’s use to study features on earth. Location Place Movement Region Human Environment Interaction. Location. Describes where places are at on earth. Types of Location: ABSOLUTE: exact location on earth (fixed)

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what are the five themes
What are the five themes?
  • Tools geographer’s use to study features on earth.
    • Location
    • Place
    • Movement
    • Region
    • Human Environment Interaction
location
Location
  • Describes where places are at on earth.
  • Types of Location:
    • ABSOLUTE:exact location on earth (fixed)
      • Doesn’t change
        • Latitude/Longitude
        • Hemispheres
        • Grid System
        • Address
    • RELATIVE:compared to other places (variable)
      • Changes dependent upon where you’re comparing it to.
        • Miles
        • Distance
        • Direction
absolute location
Absolute Location
  • Examples:
    • Rome is located at 41 N, 12 E
    • Argentina is located in the southern hemisphere
    • Ecuador is located in Tropic of Cancer.
    • LNE is located in Lincoln, NE.
relative location
Relative Location
  • Examples:
    • Rome is located near the Mediterranean Sea.
    • Argentina is near Brazil.
    • Ecuador is south of Mexico.
    • Lincoln is 50 miles from Omaha.
place
Place
  • A place is defined by it’s unique characteristics.
    • Physical characteristics
    • Cultural characteristics
physical characteristics
Physical Characteristics
  • Specific to THAT place, not generic.
    • The way a place looks.
  • Created by nature.
    • Mountains
    • Rivers, Lakes, Seas
    • Climate
    • Vegetation
  • Examples:
    • Andes Mountains are in South America.
    • Amazon River flows through Brazil.
    • Pampas are located in Argentina.
    • The isthmus of Panama connects Central & South America.
cultural characteristics
Cultural Characteristics
  • Specific to THAT place, not generic.
    • Peoples activities change the way a place looks or is represented.
  • Man-made or invented.
    • Language
    • Unique buildings
    • Religious Practices
    • Celebrations/traditions/holidays
  • Examples:
    • Portuguese is the official language of Brazil.
    • Many Mexicans are Catholic.
    • Mayan ruins are located in Mexico.
    • Cinco de Mayo is a national holiday in Mexico.
movement
Movement
  • Places do not exist in isolation.
    • Interconnectedness of the world changes the way places“look”.
      • Today: “globalization”
    • People, goods & ideas move from place to place.
  • Examples
    • Immigration from Latin America to US.
    • War in Iraq (troops, supplies, ideas, people)
    • UNL (people, ideas)
    • Myspace, Facebook (ideas)
region
Region
  • The world is divided into different regions based upon similarities & differences.
    • Climate
    • Location
    • Beliefs
    • Languages
    • Ethnicity/Race
  • Types:
    • Formal
    • Functional
    • Perceptual
formal region
Formal Region
  • Most common/familiar.
  • Determined by the distribution of a uniform characteristic (physical or cultural)
    • Location
    • Climate
    • Religion
  • Examples
    • Central America (Mexico, Guatemala, Nicaragua, Panama)
    • Latin America (spanish-speaking nations)
    • Tropics (countries located near equator)
functional region
Functional Region
  • Serves a purpose that affects places around it.
    • Distributes goods/people
    • Serves specific purpose
  • Examples:
    • Panama Canal
    • Amazon River Basin
    • Hollywood
    • Havana, Cuba
perceptual region
Perceptual Region
  • Groups of areas that provoke a certain stereotype or feeling.
  • Examples:
    • The Bronx
    • The “ghetto”
    • China town
slide14
HEI
  • The environment & people are interconnected.
  • Consequences to those actions depend upon how people choose to interact with the world and use their resources.
    • Positive/Negative
    • Intentional/Accidental
    • Favorable/Destructive
slide15
HEI
  • Current Enviromental Issues:
    • Climate Change (global warming)
    • Energy Resources
    • Water Conservation
    • Deforestation
assignment
Assignment
  • “What does each theme look like?”
  • Use the graphic organizer to visually represent each of the fives themes of geography.
    • You may ONLY use words to label each circle.
    • Your picture should clearly describe the theme.
    • Be creative, and thoughtful.