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FUNGI. ANIMALS. 35. “TRUE FUNGI”. 36. 27. 38. 37. TRUE FUNGI. CHYTRIDS – “Cooking Pot Fungi”. FOSSILIZED CHYTRIDS (?): Lower Devonian. (charophyte cross-section). Charophyte (putative green algal host). 49. Rhynie Chert (Scotland). CHYTRIDS: Cell Structure. 27.

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Presentation Transcript
slide1
FUNGI

ANIMALS

slide2
35

“TRUE FUNGI”

36

27

38

37

slide5
FOSSILIZED CHYTRIDS (?): Lower Devonian

(charophyte cross-section)

Charophyte

(putative green algal host)

49

Rhynie Chert

(Scotland)

slide7
CHYTRIDS: Cell Structure

39

40

Hyphae

Rhizoids

slide9
CHYTRIDS: Life Cycle

Alternation of Generations

40

39

slide10
LIFE CYCLE I

29

Allomyces

slide11
Allomyces: Sporophyte Stage

Sporophyte

Zoosporangium

Zoospore (2n)

Resistant Sporangium (2n)

Zoospore (n)

29

slide12
Allomyces: Gametophytes Stage

Gametophyte

Male Gametangium

Female Gametophyte

Gametes

Zygote

Anisogametes

Isogametes

29

slide13
Allomyces Life Cycle

Fig. 4-17 in Alexopoulos et al. 1996

slide14
Synchytrium Life Cycle

Fig. 6.6 in Webster and Weber 2007

slide15
CHYTRIDS: Growth Forms

Eucarpic

Holocarpic

(Monocentric)

39

(Polycentric)

slide17
25

CHYTRIDS: Microhabitats

3

24

slide19
39

56

Allomyces

Nowakowskiella

slide20
CHYTRID: Growth Form

2) Epibiotic

44

9

slide21
CHYTRIDS: Life Forms

3) Endobiotic

12

13

Black Wart Disease

Synchytrium

slide22
CHYTRID INTERACTIONS

15

16

14

Rumen Chytrid (Neocallimastix)

slide23
CHYTRID INTERACTIONS

17

Chiricahua Leopard Frog

Frog Chytrid (Batrachochytridium)

50

18

slide24
CHYTRID INTERACTIONS

Black Wart Disease

Brown Spot Disease

12

1

(Chytrid: Physoderma)

Chytrid: Syntrychium

slide25
CHYTRID INTERACTIONS

4

Lettuce Big Vein Disease

(Chytrid: Olpidium)

53

slide26
CHYTRID INTERACTIONS

6

4

7

(Mosquito Larva Chytrid: Coelomyces)

slide27
CHYTRID INTERACTIONS

8

54

Diatom Chytrid: Rhizophydium

slide29
1 http://www.invasive.org/images/768x512/1436018.jpg

2 http://www.public.iastate.edu/~ccblock/photos/physod.jpg

3 http://www.mbsseed.com/Peaches%20and%20Cream%20Mid.jpg

4 http://vegetablemdonline.ppath.cornell.edu/Images/Impt_Diseases/

64_Lettuce_Big.jpg

5 http://www.aloj.us.es/optico/carromzar/botanica1/Olpidium.jpg

6 http://www.microimaging.ca/rotifer2.jpg

7 http://www.sacsplash.org/cimages/MosquitoLarvaSm.jpg

8 http://content.answers.com/main/content/wp/en-commons/thumb/2/29/

225px-Daphnia_magna01.jpg

9 http://bugs.bio.usyd.edu.au/Mycology/images/Topics/Animal_Interactions/

chytrid.gif

10 http://ejournal.sinica.edu.tw/bbas/content/1998/1/8408f6.tif.JPG

slide30
11 http://scitec.uwichill.edu.bb/bcs/bl14apl/Peridinium.jpeg

12 http://www.bitkisagligi.net/Patates/Synchytrium_endobioticium.jpg

13 http://www.aber.ac.uk/fungi/graffeg/chytrids/Cyllamyces.jpg

14 http://courses.washington.edu/chordate/453photos/gut_photos/

cow_stomach2.jpg

15 http://babcock.cals.wisc.edu/downloads/de_html/images/en1_digestion1.gif

16 http://www.aber.ac.uk/fungi/graffeg/chytrids/Cyllamyces.jpg

17 http://www.saveafrog.org/images/fungus_main_pic.jpg

18 http://www.jcu.edu.au/school/tbiol/zoology/herp/decline/DW%20toe%

20section.jpg

19 http://www.clarku.edu/faculty/dhibbett/TFTOL/images/fungi/chytrid_csa.jpg

20 http://www.mesc.usgs.gov/research/rarmi/images/marsh2.jpg

slide31
21 http://www.mccullagh.org/db9/1ds-4/sahara-desert-sand.jpg

22 http://www.njscuba.net/images-uw/other/rc_mohawk_muck.jpg

23 http://www.jcu.edu.au/school/tbiol/zoology/herp/decline/DW%20toe%

20section.jpg

24 http://www.sweetpro.com/images/Cow%20with%20DA%20doing%

20better%20on%20SweetPro%2018.jpg

25 http://www.naturephoto-cz.com/photos/others/common-tree-frog-9282.jpg

26 http://www.biol.pmf.hr/uploads/pics/allomyces.gif

27 http://bama.ua.edu/~nsfpeet/pictures/spizellomycetales.gif

28 http://dd-b.net/photography/gallery/JuneMacro/jun-98-080-4.jpg

29 http://www.aloj.us.es/optico/carromzar/botanica1/Allomyces.jpg

30 http://www.mycolog.com/spirogyr.jpg

slide32
31 Fig. 3-23 in Moore-Landecker. 1996. Fundamentals of the Fungi, 4th Edition.

Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ, 574 p.

32 http://www.njscuba.net/images-uw/other/rc_mohawk_muck.jpg

33 http://www.marlerblog.com/Cow-Pie-3(1).jpg

34 http://www.as.ua.edu/biology/scf/allomyces.jpg

35 http://userwww.sfsu.edu/~biol240/labs/lab_08fungi/media/rhizopus4.jpg

36 http://www.deutsche-botanische-gesellschaft.de/images/TitlePage1/

Arbuskeln_gro%DF.jpg

37 http://botit.botany.wisc.edu/images/130/Fungi/Ascomycota_Images/Peziza/

Scarlet_cup.low.jpg

3

38 http://www.fungi4schools.org/Reprints/Photoset01/Coprinus_comatus_

Shaggy_inkcap.jpg

39 http://www.as.ua.edu/biology/scf/allomyces.jpg

40 http://plantphys.info/organismal/lechtml/images/allomycesgam.jpg

slide33
41 http://www.apsnet.org/Education/IllustratedGlossary/PhotosA-D/

chytridiomycetes.jpg

42 http://www.hik.hu/tankonyvtar/site/books/b159/kepek/F5007.jpg

43 http://www.fao.org/docrep/003/X7650S/x7650s28.jpg

44 http://www.scielo.br/img/revistas/bn/v7n3/31f33.jpg

45 http://comenius.susqu.edu/bi/202/Fungi/chytridiomycota/

Allomyces-sporo-csupomona.jpg

46 http://www.clarku.edu/faculty/dhibbett/TFTOL/images/fungi/chytrid_csa.jpg

47 http://www.cs.bham.ac.uk/~drg/personal/mitosis.jpg

48 http://www.kittolife.co.kr/eng_html/img/busi_10.gif

49 http://www.abdn.ac.uk/rhynie/images/plants/fungi/fungi9.jpg

50 http://www.polymer.or.kr/suite/conference/uploaded_images_for_conference_3/

49033000_1125026253.gif

slide34
51 http://www.clarku.edu/faculty/dhibbett/TFTOL/images/fungi/chytrid_csa.jpg

52 http://www.desmids.nl/info/fungal_parasites/images/hyalotheca.jpg

53 http://www.bsu.edu/classes/ruch/msa/barr/4-11.jpg

54 http://www.env.sci.toho-u.ac.jp/dbps_data/_material_/seimeiken/lab/kagami/

tubokabi1.jpg

55 http://www.as.ua.edu/biology/scf/allomyces.jpg

56 http://www.bsu.edu/classes/ruch/msa/barr/4-9.jpg

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