“The Gettysburg Address” and “Emancipation Proclamation” How did these documents impact the American Dream?
The Proclamation was divided into two parts. The first issued on September 22, 1862 gave the Confederate states 100 days to make a loyalty oath to the Union. • The second part was an executive order issued by President Lincoln on January 1, 1863 (this is the document you read in your textbook) • The Proclamation was based on the president’s constitutional authority as commander and chief of the armed forces during a time of war. Emancipation Proclamation
After the second half of the Emancipation Proclamation was issued, it only affected 10 states: • South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Texas, Virginia, Arkansas, and North Carolina. • The 13th Amendment was ratified by the states on December 6, 1865 • The “Emancipation Proclamation” was a very controversial document. • It affected everyone in one way or another. • Politically, this was a brilliant and dangerous move. Emancipation Proclamation
November 19, 1863 • Gettysburg, PA • Ground zero of The Battle of Gettysburg • Fighting had gone on for 3 months, the final battle only lasted 3 days. • The victorious army (the Union Army): • 3,155 soldiers were found dead • 14,529 were hurt and 5,363 soldiers were missing. • The Confederate Army also suffered heavy losses • 3,903 dead soldiers, • 18,735 wounded men and 5,425 missing. Gettysburg Address
Wrote the Gettysburg Address in Washington, but later revised it after arriving in Gettysburg. • He was tired of the war and was desperate for the states to reunite. • Members of the audience included surviving soldiers from the battle, the friends and family of the deceased, and some government/military officials. • Made an indirect reference to the “Emancipation Proclamation” in the “Gettysburg Address”….. “new birth of freedom” Lincoln