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Johann Sebastian Bach. Ingle, Peter. Charlestontoday.net Web. February 25,02011. Prelude and Fugue "Wedge" E Minor. Listening Guide. 4:20 seconds in the song he adds in some very low soft keys interchanging with the loud ones

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johann sebastian bach

Johann Sebastian Bach

Ingle, Peter. Charlestontoday.net Web. February 25,02011

slide3

4:20seconds in the song he adds in some very low soft keys interchanging with the loud ones

  • 5:32 seconds the soft soprano keys get strong, louder. The tenor keys get low, softer, but still very strong in this portion giving this piece a softer but still dark side.
  • 6:30seconds in the song, once again, he adds in some very low soft keys interchanging with the loud ones.
  • 6:49Seconds the Dark feel begins to end with a steady note flat across the board
  • 7:01 the prelude Ends
  • 7:02 The fugue begins, it starts out with a few soprano high pitch notes ascending.
slide4

7:30 seconds into the piece. The loud bass key is added in there at the beginning of the ascending notes giving it that dark feeling.

  • 8:49 seconds into the pace, the rhythm changes and the pace is picked up very quickly. About twenty one seconds later he adds in the bass note and changes it, so you hear quick, quick, quick, then a hard bass and back to the quick beat.
  • 9:49seconds into the piece he adds the beginning for the fugue and the current piece together as one.
slide5

10:00 Minutes into the piece he starts to slow down on in between his ascending then will speed up and soften his notes changing his piece once again adding onto what he is already doing. So by this time he has three separate styles transitioned into one. Clearly show his creative music skills and ability to put notes together in a way that was not known at the time it was created. This piece ends strong with a steady with a long sturdy tone less dark but still menacing.

never left the germany
Never left the Germany
  • Eisenach 1685-1695
  • Ohrdruf 1695-1700
  • Lüneburg 1700-1702
  • Weimar 1703
  • Arnstadt 1703-1707
  • Mühlhausen 1707-1708
  • Weimar 1708-1717
  • Köthen 1717-1723
  • Leipzig 1723-1750

http://www.let.rug.nl/Linguistics/diversen/bach/map.html

eisenach germany
Eisenach, Germany
  • March 21, 1685
  • Baptized March 23,1685 at Georgenkirche
  • Started school at 7 years old
  • Studied: Latin Writing

Reading Arithmetic,

Singing History

Natural science

  • In 1694, His mother died. 8 months later his father died
ohrdruf germany
Ohrdruf, Germany
  • Lived with his oldest brother Johann Christoph Bach.
  • Learned how to play the Organ

Johann Sebastian Bach (1685 - 1750), German musician and composer playing the organ, circa 1725. From a print in the British Museum. (Photo by Rischgitz/Getty Images)

l neburg germany
Lüneburg, Germany
  • Due to His beautiful Voice, He was accepted into St. Michaels School March 15, 1700
  • He eventually lost his Voice
  • Learned to play the violin and the harpsichord
  • To help cover tuition, George Erdmann and himself were singers of the Mettenchor
weimar germany
Weimar, Germany
  • First employment as a musician at the court of Duke Johann Ernst of Saxony
  • He was a servant and violinist in Johann Ernst private chapel
  • He was paid for his services from March to August of 1703
arnstadt germany
Arnstadt, Germany
  • Employed as organist at Neuekirche
  • Duties included:
    • Providing music for religious services & special
    • Providing music lessons.
  • Made a lot more then his successor
  • He traveled to Lubeck, walking 200 miles just to hear the famed organist Dietrich Buxtehude
  • He became deeply influenced by the organ music of Buxtehude
  • He was accused of going into the wine cellar with Maria Barbara
pieces composed while in arnstadt
Pieces composed while in Arnstadt
  • Prelude and Fugue in G Minor
      • BWV 535a
      • Early Version
  • “Capriccio sopra la lontananza del suofratellodilettissimo “
      • Composed on the departure of his most beloved brother
      • BWV 992
      • Composed around 1704
  • Chorale prelude “Wieschönleuchtetder Morgenstern”
      • BWV 739
      • Ascribed around 1705
m hlhausen germany
Mühlhausen ,Germany
  • He got employed as the organist at the church of St. Blaise.
  • He created complex musical arrangements and had a fondness for weaving together different melodic lines.
  • His musical style clashed with the church’s pastor
  • He developed interest in creating church music
  • 1/4th of the thechruch was burned May 30, 1707, what is called the great fire.
  • October 17, 1707, He married Maria Barbara Bach
pieces composed while in m hlhausen
Pieces composed while in Mühlhausen
  • The Ratswechsel ("city council change") cantata, GottistmeinKönig,
      • BWV 71
      • Only Cantata to be printed during his life time
  • Prelude and Fugue in D Major
      • BWV 532.
  • Toccata and Fugue in D Minor
      • BWV 565
weimar germany1
Weimar, Germany
  • Employed by two dukes. Wilhelm Ernst and Ernst August
  • Hired as organist and member of the orchestra, and encouraged Johann Sebastian to exploit his unique talents for the organ.
  • There were lots of tensions, intrigues, and even open hostilities between the courts of the two dukes over Bach.
  • Added northern German and French influence style to his counterpoint style.
  • On March 2, 1714 Wilhelm Ernst appointed him Konzertmeister
slide16

He was considered "the famous organist of Weimar“

  • Bach was very close to co-regent Ernst August. Wilhelm Ernst, forbade Johann Sebastian any musical service to his rival. Bach refused to listen!
  • In 1716 Bach was passed up as Capellmeister
  • Leopold von Anhalt-Köthen offered Bach employment as Capellmeister
  • Wilhelm Ernst refused to let him go to leopold.
  • Bach was arrested and imprisoned for a month (November 6 - December 2) before he was dismissed "without honor".
pieces composed while in weimar
Pieces composed while in Weimar
  • Cantata “Bereitet die Wege, bereitet die Bahn“
      • BWV 132,
      • 1715
  • Cantata “Tritt auf die Glaubensbahn”
      • BMV 152,
      • 1714
  • Cantata “Mein Gott, wie lang, ach lange“
      • BMV 155,
      • 1716
k then germany
Köthen, Germany
  • Prince Leopold Hand picked his own band and practiced in Bach's home.
  • Bach wrote lots of chamber music in Köthen
  • Bach was able to make multiple trips to look at organs
  • Leopold even took his musicians to Carlsbad, where he "took the waters" during the summers of 1718 and 1720
  • July 7, 1720 Bach's wife had died and been buried before his return from Carlsbad.
slide19

Declining musical life in Köthen, Bach applied three times for another post since 1720

  • got married on December 3, 1721 to fellow co-worker Anna Magdalena Wilcken
  • In 1721, he created a tribute to the Duke of Brandenburg known as the Brandenburg Concertos
  • Completeed his first book called "The Well-Tempered Clavier”
pieces composed while in k then
Pieces composed while in Köthen
  • Violin Concertos in A Minor
      • BWV 1041
  • Violin Concertos in E Major
      • BWV 1042
  • Violin double concerto in D Minor
      • BWV 1043
leipzig germany
Leipzig, Germany
  • April 1723, Bach became the successor of the Leipzig cantor at St. Thomas church.
  • Duties included: Organist, and Teacher
  • He formulated musical interpretations of the Bible using choruses, arias and recitatives.
  • 1728 Leopold had died, Terminating his as honorary Capellmeister position in Köthen
  • In 1729 achieved his next honorary Capellmeistership from the Duke Christian von Sachsen-Weissenfels
  • He was director of Music of the University of Leipzig
slide22

After 1729, Bach and some Orchestra students performed weekly at Zimmermann’s coffee houses.

  • In November 1736 Bach was appointed Capellmeister and composer in Dresden to the Elector of Saxony, Frederick Augustus II
  • In 1739 He began his family genealogy
  • He visited Potsdam in 1747 ( last major step in his career)
  • He became member 14 of Mizler's society
  • Almost completely blind by the end of his life.
  • July 22, 1750 he took final communion
  • Died of a stroke, July 28, 1750
pieces composed while in leipzig
Pieces composed while in Leipzig
  • “Passion According to St. Matthew”.
      • Most Famous Piece
      • Tells the story of chapters 26 and 27 of Gospel of Matthew.
      • Written in 1727 or 1729
  • Coffee Cantata
      • Written in 1730
      • BWV 211
      • Commercial for

Zimmermans

prelude fugue
Prelude & Fugue
  • In 1705, Prelude and Fugue in C major is music of a most joyously unrestrained of its kind.
  • Prelude and Fugue in G minor is one of his multiple version pieces
  • Prelude and Fugue in A major is not known very well, but it is well-written
  • Prelude and fugue D major was composed around 1710.
      • It features a lengthy, complex, self-contained fugue preceded by a multi-sectional prelude
  • “Prelude and Fugue "Wedge" E Minor BMV 548.
      • 15 pages total
works cited
Works Cited
  • 1. Hanford, Jan. http://www.jsbach.org/biography.html. Web. September 2012
  • 2. Green, Aaron. “Johann Sebastian Bach”. http://www.biography.com/people/johann-sebastian-bach-9194289. Web. September 2012
  • 3. .Reel, James. “Johann Sebastian Bach” http://www.allmusic.com/composition/prelude-and-fugue-for-organ-in-e-minor-wedge-bwv-548-bc-j19-mc0002403199. Web Sept 2012
slide27

4. http://www.classicalarchives.com/work/1995.html#tvf=tracks&tv=about

  • 5. Clair-Alain, Marie. http://www.rhapsody.com/#search/track?query=bwv548&_suid=134955069867306627618099822494. Web, Music. 09/26/2012