Chapter 10: Elections and Campaigns. Types of elections. Primary / Caucus. General . Designed to pick the candidate who will actually hold office Example: Obama vs. Romney. Designed to choose the parties nominee
Primary / Caucus
Designed to pick the candidate who will actually hold office
Example: Obama vs. Romney
Hon .Clay Henry III of Lajitas , Texas
Helps to win Iowa Caucus and N. H. Primary
So what do you have to do to win?
Read: the excerpt from Stormy Weather
The Party’s decide the rules, they are not in the Constitution or state law, the party’s can change the rules prior to an election.
Total Number of Delegates: 2,066Pledged: 1,907Unpledged: 159
Each state gets 6 delegates plus 3 for each member in the House
BONUS DELEGATES Each state can earn additional delegates by meeting one or more of the following requirements:
the state cast a majority of its votes for the Republican presidential candidate in the previous presidential election
the state elected Republicans to the U.S. House or Senate, selected a Republican Governor or state legislative majorities
and / or the state holds its presidential primary election after March 15th (this is to discourage states from holding early primaries).
Less voter turn-out, especially during midterm elections (non-presidential election years 2002,2006, 2010..)
Typically about 36% turnout since 1964
Historically less party turnover
(recent exceptions include 2006 and 2010)
Why less turnover?!?
More direct connection to the voter (service to constituents)
Separate themselves from the “mess in Washington”
Sophomore surge: can use perks of office to get elected
How to get on the ballot for the general election in NJ http://nj.gov/state/elections/petitions/2012-general-president-inst.pdf
Electoral College: 538 electors in total (100+435+3) , need 270
Meet on the first Monday after the 2nd Wednesday in December votes sent to Congress counted during a joint session
How are electors chosen?
What happens if there is a tie? (1825)
election of 1800: Jefferson v. Adams
12th amendment: Electors vote on separate ballot for pres and VP to avoid rivals holding office together
How the 2012 election broke down, various maps
Doesn’t always reflect the will of the people
Can have faithless electors
Doesn’t reflect the idea of 1 person, 1 vote
Wyoming has one "elector" for every 177,556 people and Texas has one "elector" for about every 715,499.
The first is money and I can’t remember what the second one is.”
Hard Money vs. Soft money:
Hard money : money given directly to a candidate’s campaign
Soft Money: money used to promotes issues
Dark money: contributions that don’t have to be disclosed (501c4s)
Limits on candidates expenditures (spending)
Except if you accept public funding
Thoughts on Citizens ruling?
http://video.pbs.org/video/2298009584/ link to video
What are kidnapping and hijacking?
Hijacking: If there's an incumbent you don't like, you can make their re-election difficult by putting them in a district with another incumbent of the same party to contend with. You can force a costly primary battle, weakening your likely opponent before general election.
Kidnapping: Moving an incumbents house into another district where they have little name recognition, making it much more difficult for them to win (taking them from their base)
Packing districts to ensure incumbency advantage
Land island, not allowed!!!!
Packing African Americans into 1 district
Have fun packing, cracking, kidnapping, hijacking!!!!!!!!