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Building a Global AIM Enterprise Architecture . Creating a Roadmap for Global AIM Interoperability. Agenda . Introduction to Enterprise Architecture Application to AIM Global AIM (G-AIM) EA Identifying information needs of the Global ATM Operational Concept (Doc 9854) FAA AIM EA.

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building a global aim enterprise architecture

Building a Global AIM Enterprise Architecture

Creating a Roadmap for Global AIM Interoperability

  • Introduction to Enterprise Architecture
  • Application to AIM
  • Global AIM (G-AIM) EA
    • Identifying information needs of the Global ATM Operational Concept (Doc 9854)
motivation for global aim enterprise architecture
Motivation for Global AIM Enterprise Architecture
  • Aeronautical information is global in nature
  • Today’s paper-based AIS guidance and products do not lend themselves to information sharing
  • Future ATM Operational Concepts will need more aeronautical information – timely, accurate, quality
  • Enterprise Architecture is a tool that can be used to improve efficiency and effectiveness of an organization
why enterprise architecture
Why Enterprise Architecture?
  • Enterprise Architecture provides
    • Effective planning – better decisions
    • “Future proofing”
    • Helps organize and synchronize investments
  • Disciplined approach defining our organization
    • Why Performance Goals
    • What Business / Operational activities; Information
    • How System capabilities and functions; Technologies; Standards
    • When Timelines and roadmaps (From AIS to AIM)
enterprise architecture basics


Classical AIS

Future AIM

Enterprise Architecture Basics
  • Basic Parts of an EA
    • Current situation – baseline - “As Is”
    • Future goal – target - “To Be”
    • Roadmap from “As Is” to “To Be”



global ais to aim with enterprise architecture


Classical AIS

Future AIM

Global AIS to AIM with Enterprise Architecture

Enterprise Architecture

Business/ Organizational activities

System functions

Information needs

Technology standards

  • Identify common themes of AIM
    • Targets of opportunity (D-AIM, AIXM, AMDB, NDBX, NOTAM)
    • Identify barriers to modernization

- Policy, SARPS, Cost, Technology, …

  • Effectively communicate and coordinate AIM
    • Influence global AIS modernization
    • Ensure AIM’s place within ATM
    • Influence vendor products and services
    • - Eventually lower costs for AIM Modernization
gaim segment enterprise architecture
GAIM Segment-Enterprise Architecture


  • “Overall Aviation EA”
  • NextGen /SESAR/ Future Operational Improvements
  • Global ATM Roadmaps
  • Investment Analysis and Solution Set coordination
  • “AIM-Segment Actionable EA”
  • Global AIM portion of Future Operational Improvements
  • Global AIM activities and services
  • Global interoperability
  • Transition planning


global aim ea core team
Global AIM EA core team
  • Team with a goal to develop the future architecture for AIM
    • US FAA AIM group
    • US Air Force, Air Mobility Command
    • AirServices Australia, Information Communication Technology (ICT) Planning Technology and Asset Services
global aim activities
Global AIM Activities
  • Initial coordination – May 2008
    • FAA and AirServices Australia
  • 2008 Global AIM Congress in Singapore
    • Introduction to Enterprise Architecture
    • Experiences of ASA and FAA
  • Analysis of ICAO SARPS and CONOPS
    • Annex 4, 15 – “As Is” today
    • Doc 9854 Global ATM Operational Concept
  • AIS to AIM Study Group
    • Information Paper: “Including AIM into Annex 15”
  • 2009 work plan
    • AIM information needs
    • NOTAM and Pilot Briefing concepts
    • Enterprise Architecture seminar in Asia-Pacific?
    • 2009 Global AIM congress in South Africa
the foundation for global aim
The Foundation for Global AIM
  • Global AIM
    • Derived from the Global ATM Operational Concept
    • Has a common set of requirements
      • As defined by ICAO SARPS
    • Involves a common set of customer expectations for being able to coordinate operations
      • Within and across member states and partners
    • Will facilitate the next generation of Air Traffic Management solutions, worldwide
    • Provides the knowledge-base for global aviation
  • Global AIM involves an international community of dedicated experts, chartered to improve safety, efficiency, and capacity in an environmentally sound manner.
current situation according to annex 15
Enabling flight operations

Provide information/data necessary to support international air navigation

Assemble static information products (AIP, AIC, Charts)

Provide notices of aeronautical information changes (NOTAM, SNOWTAM, BIRDTAM, ASHTAM)

Brief pilots (PIB)

Current situation according to Annex 15



global atm vision
Global ATM Vision
  • Provide “a holistic, cooperative and collaborative decision-making environment, where the diverging expectations and interests of all members of the ATM community are balanced to achieve equity and access.”
  • “Information management provides accredited, quality-assured and timely information used to support ATM operations.”

From ICAO Doc 9854 Global ATM Operational Concept (1.9.1)

From ICAO Doc 9854 Global ATM Operational Concept (2.15)

what does the global atm operational concept tell us
What does the Global ATM Operational Concept tell us?
  • Need a move to seamless global air traffic management
    • Internationally harmonized and globally interoperable ATM system
  • ATM includes seven capabilities
    • Manage airspace
    • Demand and capacity balancing
    • Aeronautical operations
    • Traffic synchronization
    • Conflict management
    • Airspace user operations
    • ATM service delivery management
  • AIM/Information Services
    • Provide the information services necessary to support the seven ATM capabilities
role of aim according to doc 9854
Enabling flight operations

Provide common operating picture of aeronautical situation

Monitor quality

Control quality

Provide information sharing

Integrate data (historical, planning and operational)

Provide decision information support

Role of AIM according to Doc 9854




what is missing in aim today
What is missing in AIM today?
  • Manage airspace
  • Demand and capacity balancing
  • Aerodrome operations
  • Traffic synchronization
  • Conflict management
  • Airspace user operations
  • ATM service delivery management

Global ATM capabilities

How should AIM support these ATM capabilities?

implication for ais and aim
Implication for AIS and AIM
  • In the past focused on satisfying Annex 15
    • Annexes are stove-piped
  • Focus on satisfying Global ATM operational concepts
    • ATM is a global integrated enterprise
    • Identify new enhancements needed for AIM
      • Performance
      • Business activities
      • Information exchange requirements
  • Result
    • Changes to Annex 15 to ensure AIM supports future ATM
aim high level operational concept
AIM High-Level Operational Concept

Interactive, on-demand aeronautical information interchange between the global aviation community to support safe, efficient and environmentally sound flight operations that maximizes system capacity




Air NavigationService Providers


3rd Party Data Suppliers

Search and Rescue

Law enforcement

Other airspace users

General Aviation


ICAO, Regulators and Industry

atm concept components
ATM Concept Components

Provide ATM Services

Provide Airspace

Operate Aerodrome Facility

Maintain Traffic Flow

Support Airspace User Operations

Manage ATM Service Delivery

Balance Demand and Capacity

Synchronize Traffic

Manage Conflict

Determine Capacity Evaluate Traffic FlowAccess Demand and Capacity Imbalance Allocate CapacityMitigate Demand and Capacity Imbalance Facilitate Collaborative Decision Making

atm business activity model balance capacity and demand
ATM Business Activity ModelBalance Capacity and Demand




Calculate actual capacity levels resulting from aeronautical information common operating picture and environmental conditions that could serve to reduce capacity from engineered (ideal) capacity levels

AIM flows

Other flows


aim support for determine capacity
AIM Support for Determine Capacity
  • Should AIM be expanded to include capacity services?
    • Capacity rules validation and capture
    • Capacity calculations
    • Capturing environmental conditions
    • Providing Aeronautical Common Operating Picture
aim support for determine capacity22
AIM Support for Determine Capacity
  • What are the performance requirements?
    • Maximize capacity given constraints while maintaining safety
  • How are AIM services and information supporting this performance requirement?
aim support for determine capacity23
AIM Support for Determine Capacity
  • Should AIM be expanded to include capacity information?
    • Airport capacity
      • Taxiway capacity
      • Gate turn around time
      • Runway arrival/departure rate
    • Airspace capacity
applying g aim ea to the faa
Applying G-AIM EA to the FAA
  • CSSD – Expanding the role of AIM to provide the information and services necessary to support future ATM
    • Digital
    • Services Oriented Architectures (SOA)
    • Standards-based

Global AIM Enterprise Architecture

FAA NextGen

AIM Common Status and Structure Data (CSSD)



the aim modernization concept
The AIM Modernization Concept

Provide a ‘one stop shop’ for the aeronautical information services necessary for flight operations

Full Flight Plan

On-Demand NAS

Flight data management

4D Trajectory

Airspace Status

Situational Awareness

Enabling NextGen Capabilities

System Operations

En Route



Global ATM Operations

AirportAirspaceWeather*SurveillanceRouteProceduresTraffic Management InitiativesNavigation AidsCommunicationAerial Refueling

NOTAMPilot ReportAirspace activationAdvisoryField Condition

System Forecast



NAS ATM Support Services

Common Operating Picturefor Aeronautical Information

Airport Evaluation Airspace Design Geodectics

Surface Evaluation


Core Aeronautical Information Services




Data Management

SWIM, DataComm, FTI

* Requirement to be validated and/or reallocated

first steps standards based aim technology platform
First stepsStandards-based AIM technology platform

Components of an AIM solution

Key Standards


  • User Interface
  • Business Rules
  • Geographic Information System
  • Mapping Services
  • SWIM Core Services
  • Authentication
  • Database
  • Web Browser
  • GML (Geographic Markup Language)
  • ISO 19100 Series
  • Annex 15
  • AIXM 5.x
  • Web Service standards (WS*)
  • SQL
  • Google Web Toolkit
  • JBOSS Rules Engine
  • PostgreSQL Database
  • PostGIS
  • Java

Development of an open-source, standards-based platform for AIM

  • AIM Enterprise Architecture
    • Establishes a common language to share information across the global aeronautical communities, including:
      • CANSO, ICAO, IATA, Global AIM Consortium
    • Improve efficiency and effectiveness of AIM to support Global ATM Concepts
  • Global AIM
    • Identify of future aeronautical information services
    • Recommendations for AIS to AIM Study group
    • Delivery of digital aeronautical information to support NextGen concepts
    • Standards-based platform for a model AIM system