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Enterprise Architecture. Tony McAllister 11. 12. 2013. AGENDA. Introduction Enterprise Architecture Health IT & EA Why Should I , a Healthcare Business Bigshot , Care About IT Architecture? Q & A. Objectives / Themes.

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slide1

Enterprise Architecture

Tony McAllister

11. 12. 2013

slide2

AGENDA

  • Introduction
  • Enterprise Architecture
  • Health IT & EA
  • Why Should I, a Healthcare Business Bigshot, Care About IT Architecture?
  • Q & A
slide3

Objectives / Themes

  • Gain Understanding of Enterprise Architecture (and it Goals / Methods)
  • Information (and its Management)
  • Business Architecture as a Link to IT
  • Sample the Architecture of some Healthcare companies
  • Why Should I Care about IT Architecture?
slide5

My Background

  • Education
    • B.S. Computer Science : Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology
    • MBA, Finance & Entrepreneurship : Indiana University
  • Professional Experience
    • Cummins Inc
    • Level 3 Communications
    • Target
    • Be The Match
slide10

What is Enterprise Architecture?

  • Some Definitions….
  • ANSI/IEEE – Definition of “IT Architecture”….
      • “The fundamental organization of a system, embodied in its components, their relationships to each other and the environment, and the principles governing its design and evolution.”
  • Gartner– Definition of “Enterprise Architecture”…..
      • “A discipline for proactively and holistically leading enterprise responses to disruptive forces by identifying and analyzing the execution of change toward desired business vision and outcomes. EA delivers value by presenting business and IT leaders with signature-ready recommendations for adjusting policies and projects to achieve target business outcomes that capitalize on relevant business disruptions. EA is used to steer decision making toward the evolution of the future state architecture.”
slide11

Enterprise Architecture

Structure & Story

slide13

Basic IT Architecture Example

User (Represents the Business)

Application

Technology / Infrastructure

Data

slide15

The Case for Enterprise Architecture

Every organization has an architecture whether it likes it or not….

Some just happen

Some are planned

slide16

The Case for Enterprise Architecture

Advantages of a good EA:

  • A more efficient IT operation:
    • Lower software development, support, and maintenance costs
    • Increased portability of applications
    • Improved interoperability and easier system and network management
    • Improved ability to address critical enterprise-wide issues like security
    • Easier upgrade and exchange of system components
  • Better return on existing investment, reduced risk for future investment:
    • Reduced complexity in IT infrastructure
    • Maximum return on investment in existing IT infrastructure
    • The flexibility to make, buy, or out-source IT solutions
    • Reduced risk overall in new investment, and the costs of IT ownership
  • Faster, simpler, and cheaper procurement:
    • Buying decisions are simpler, because the information governing procurement is readily available in a coherent plan.
    • The procurement process is faster - maximizing procurement speed and flexibility without sacrificing architectural coherence.
slide19

Information Architecture

Focus Areas

  • Information framework
  • Data modeling
  • Data naming conventions
  • Data governance
  • Business intelligence
  • Document management & collaboration
  • Master data management
slide20

Business Architecture

Focus Areas

  • Corporate business objectives
  • Business strategies
  • Business capabilities
  • Reporting & analytics
  • Data mapping & validation
slide21

Technology & Infrastructure Architecture

Focus Areas

  • Technical architectural framework
  • Network landscape
  • Capacity management
  • Technical ROI
  • Security architecture
  • Technology governance
slide22

Solution Architecture

Focus Areas

  • Application portfolio
  • Integration architecture
  • Minimal application redundancy
  • Solution architecture
slide23

EA Process

Business Architecture

Architecture Vision

EA

Governance

Enterprise Architecture

Repository

Strategic

Roadmap

Current State

Future

State

slide25

What is Business Architecture?

Source: Business Architecture Guild

slide29

What is Information Architecture?

Source: Data Management Association

slide30

Key Themes of Data Management

  • Data Stewardship – Business Partnership
  • Data Quality
  • Data Integration
  • Enterprise Perspective
  • Cultural Change Leadership
  • “Enterprise Information Management”
slide35

Architecture Program Roadmap

Roadmapping & Planning

Architecture

Vision

Architecture Outcomes Roadmap

Outcomes are organized into a program view of the roadmap

Which provides scope and context for developing detailed project plans.

Portfolio

Strategies

EA

Governance

Detailed Project Plans

Business Plans

& Priorities

slide42

The Case for Enterprise Architecture

  • Technology is, and will become even more so, pervasive in the business of healthcare
  • Technology will become more integrated into business operations and planning
    • Business leaders will need to understand how to leverage existing investments in technology and how to develop new uses of technology
  • As the use of technology expands, effective management and coordination will be critical
  • Big Data will provide many benefits and will require strong information management
  • Pay for value, no longer pay for fee for service
slide43

The Case for Enterprise Architecture

Advantages of a good EA:

  • A more efficient IT operation:
    • Lower software development, support, and maintenance costs
    • Increased portability of applications
    • Improved interoperability and easier system and network management
    • Improved ability to address critical enterprise-wide issues like security
    • Easier upgrade and exchange of system components
  • Better return on existing investment, reduced risk for future investment:
    • Reduced complexity in IT infrastructure
    • Maximum return on investment in existing IT infrastructure
    • The flexibility to make, buy, or out-source IT solutions
    • Reduced risk overall in new investment, and the costs of IT ownership
  • Faster, simpler, and cheaper procurement:
    • Buying decisions are simpler, because the information governing procurement is readily available in a coherent plan.
    • The procurement process is faster - maximizing procurement speed and flexibility without sacrificing architectural coherence.