major lessons n.
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
Major Lessons

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 26

Major Lessons - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

Major Lessons. Media generally ignore law-making, with the exception of some highly publicized crimes that lead to new laws. Most crime is ignored by the press; random, heinous, violent crimes committed by some types of offenders against certain types of victims are more likely to be featured.

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Major Lessons' - ora

Download Now An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
major lessons
Major Lessons
  • Media generally ignore law-making, with the exception of some highly publicized crimes that lead to new laws.
  • Most crime is ignored by the press; random, heinous, violent crimes committed by some types of offenders against certain types of victims are more likely to be featured.
major lessons1
Major Lessons
  • Media rely heavily on official sources for information about crime, police, courts, and corrections, thereby limiting the breadth of issues explored and reinforcing status quo approaches to addressing crime.
  • Media coverage of criminal justice agencies is highly inaccurate, thereby reinforcing major misconceptions about criminal justice practice.
major lessons2
Major Lessons
  • There are major similarities in entertainment and infotainment coverage of these issues.
  • But entertainment and infotainment media are less accurate, owing in part to the fact that their main goal is to entertain rather than to inform.
three examples
Three examples
  • To Catch a Predator (MSNBC) --
  • 48 Hours Mystery (CBS) --;contentBody
  • Nearly every program on TruTV --
crime on tv
Crime on TV
  • Popular since 1970s … widely popular shows about crime and criminal justice for more than 4 decades!
  • Dominant form of justice shown is corrective justice or “justice as an outcome”
    • holding the guilty responsible for their crimes, consistent with the Crime Control Model of justice
crime on tv1
Crime on TV
  • Most popular shows right now???
overemphasize violence
Overemphasize violence
  • Studies of entertainment and infotainment shows have consistently found that they tend to overemphasize violent crime
center for media public affairs
Center for Media & Public Affairs
  • Researchers identified 8,350 scenes of violence including 4,204 scenes of serious violence (i.e., murder, rape, kidnapping and assault) in the 100 movies, 284 episodes of television series and 189 music videos they studied.
center for media public affairs1
Center for Media & Public Affairs


  • Broadcast TV series – 18 per hour
  • Movies in theaters – 15 per hour
  • Music videos – 15 per hour
  • Cable TV series – 9 per hour
  • TV movies – 7 per hour
center for media public affairs2
Center for Media & Public Affairs
  • Violence in these forms of media tends to be “value free.”
    • is used by both heroes and villains
    • rarely causes physical or emotional harm
    • rarely leads to any condemnation or punishment
    • sometimes depicted as laudable and even necessary

law order
Law & Order
  • First aired in 1990
  • Longest running crime series and second longest running drama series in history of TV
  • Features stories “ripped from the headlines”
law order1
Law & Order
  • Divided into two equal parts
    • the first focusing on crime and investigation by the police
    • the second on prosecution of accused
law order2
Law & Order
  • Led to spin-offs including:
    • Law & Order: Special Victims Unit (SVU)
    • Law & Order: Criminal Intent
    • Law & Order: Trial by Jury
    • Law & Order: Los Angeles
    • Law & Order: UK
law order the opening lines
Law & Order: The Opening Lines …
  • criminal justice system
  • “In the criminal justice system, the people are represented by two separate yet equally important groups, the police who investigate crime, and the district attorneys who prosecute the offenders. These are their stories.”
  • investigate
  • crime
  • prosecute the offenders
  • And does anyone else in criminal justice “represent the people?”
law order3
Law & Order
  • Studies of the shows find:
    • Juveniles depicted as violent and murderers
    • Most offenders are male and white
    • Children offenders mostly poor or middle-class
    • Black offenders shown as impoverished, financially motivated, and drug-addicted
    • Major motivations are financial/rational, emotional, and psychological
    • Mentally ill overrepresented (7% claim “not guilty by reason of insanity”)
law order4
Law & Order
  • Studies of the shows find:
    • Only about half of SVU episodes deal with sex crimes
    • Many SVU episodes deal with murders of white males
    • Most victims (60%) are dead by end of show
    • Most offenders are known to the victims
    • Half of victims are under age of 18
    • Two-thirds of victims are white (black female victims almost completely absent from show)
    • Women overrepresented as offenders (33%)
    • Women shown as particularly cruel and violent
law order5
Law & Order
  • Studies of the shows find:
    • More than 90% of offenders are convicted
    • Regularly features civil rights violations by the police (e.g., excessive use of force)
    • About 98% of CJ officials are white
    • Murders by guns underrepresented and murder by knives and hands overrepresented
  • A study by Wes Shipley and Gray Cavender analyzed the five top-grossing films in a one year period over each of the past four decades (i.e., 1964, 1974, 1984, and 1994).
  • Violence generally increased across the four decades.
    • 1964: 144 violent acts (29 acts per film)
    • 1974: 168 violent acts (34 acts per film)
    • 1984: 307 violent acts (61 acts per film)
    • 1994: 223 violent acts (45 acts per film)
  • Instances of death also rose over time.
    • 1964: 41 deaths (8 deaths per film)
    • 1974: 44 deaths (9 deaths per film)
    • 1984: 38 deaths (8 deaths per film)
    • 1994: 76 deaths (15 deaths per film).
  • Graphic violence and graphic death also rose.
  • Acts of graphic violence from 2 in 1964, to 12 in 1974, to 16 in 1984, to 64 in 1994.
  • Acts of raphics deaths increased from 0 in 1964, to 6 in 1974, to 10 in 1984, to 47 in 1994.
  • 2000s?