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Cognitive Development. Jean Piaget Cognitive Development Theory. Kinds of Knowledge. physical knowledge logico-mathematical knowledge social knowledge. Constructivism. children are active learners, not passive observers organize their knowledge into schemes schemes change through

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Cognitive Development


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    Presentation Transcript
    1. Cognitive Development

    2. Jean PiagetCognitive Development Theory

    3. Kinds of Knowledge • physical knowledge • logico-mathematical knowledge • social knowledge

    4. Constructivism • children are active learners, not passive observers • organize their knowledge into schemes • schemes change through • assimilation • accommodation

    5. Stages of Cognitive Development • children’s schemes change over time • cognition develops in stages, not gradually • each stage builds on accomplishments of prior stage

    6. Sensori-motor Stage • ages birth – 2 years old • infant uses senses and motor abilities to explore • first explorations are innate reflexes • goal-directed behaviors • object permanence

    7. Substages of Sensori-motor Stage • 1st: (birth - 1 mo) • innate reflexes, • circular reactions • 2nd: (1-4 mo) • primary circular reactions • 3rd: (4-8 mo) • secondary circular

    8. Substages of Sensori-motor Stage • 4th: (8-12 mo) • goal directed behavior • object permanence • 5th: (12-18 mo) • tertiary circular • 6th: (18-24 mo) • Symbolic representation

    9. Preoperational Stage • ages 2-7 • child uses mental representations of objects • play moves from using real objects to more complex play • child’s thinking is perception-bound, egocentric, irreversible, centrated, intuitive, animistic

    10. Concrete operations • ages 7-11 • child uses logical operations • ability to • conserve • think flexibly • seriate • classify with more than 1 attribute and with hierarchical thinking

    11. Conservation Tasks

    12. Formal operations • ages 12 and up • child uses logical operations in a systematic fashion • can think abstractly • hypothetico-deductive thinking • propositional thinking

    13. Contributions of Piaget's Theories to Current Practice • focus on active, hands-on learning • play is important • sensitivity to a child's current level of understanding • acceptance of individual differences

    14. Criticisms of Piaget's Ideas • research methods • Underestimated/overestimated the abilities of children • didn't adequately consider the role of culture and experience in children’s undertaking of his tasks • stage theory