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DANCE CONCEPTS REVIEW. SPACE. SIZE: large, small LEVEL: high, mid-level, low SHAPE: curved, straight DIRECTIONS: forward, backward, sideways, diagonal, upward, downward PATHWAY: straight, curved, circular, zig-zag RELATIONSHIPS: near, apart

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space
SPACE
  • SIZE: large, small
  • LEVEL: high, mid-level, low
  • SHAPE: curved, straight
  • DIRECTIONS: forward, backward, sideways, diagonal, upward, downward
  • PATHWAY: straight, curved, circular, zig-zag
  • RELATIONSHIPS: near, apart
  • FOCUS: a central point or focus of attention; can be single or multiple
slide3
TIME
  • SPEED OR TEMPO: slow, fast, acceleration, deceleration
  • BEAT: pulse (steady, accented or irregular)
force the use of energy while moving
FORCEThe use of energy while moving
  • CHOREOGRAPH: To compose a dance
  • CHOREOGRAPHY: The art of arranging dances
  • CONTRAST: Difference between related things
  • TRANSITION: Passing from one action or place to another
  • PARTS OF EVERY DANCE: A beginning shape, middle movements, a final shape
slide5
FORCE, continued
  • LOCOMOTOR
  • MOVEMENT FROM PLACE TO PLACE-TRAVELS
  • Jump, hop, skip, walk, run, slide, leap, roll, crawl, gallop
  • NON-LOCOMOTOR or AXIAL
  • MOVEMENT IN PLACE
  • Stretch, contract, turn, bend, balance, twist, shake, gesture, push, pull, rise, fall, dodge, sway
slide6
PURPOSES OF DANCE

CEREMONIAL: Of, relating to, or forming a ceremony: Celebration, Initiation, Hunting, Religious

RECREATIONAL: Way of refreshing mind or body: Folk, Social

ARTISTIC: Characteristic of art or artists, showing skill and imagination, for an audience, expresses thoughts or feelings; Ballet, Jazz

compositional forms
COMPOSITIONAL FORMS
  • AB:perform one movement phrase or theme followed by a different movement phrase or theme;
  • ABA: Perform one movement phrase or theme followed by a different movement phrase or theme, followed then by a repetition of the first movement phrase or theme;
  • CALL AND RESPONSE: A caller verbally directs the actions to be performed and the dancers respond by doing the action, or the music calls out and dancers react or a voice calls out and voices respond or dancers initiate and music responds. Often associated with African music and dance but also used elsewhere.
colonial american dance
COLONIAL AMERICAN DANCE
  • European origin
  • Wealthy learned from Dancing Masters, others from imitating;
  • Posture – upright, straight, light
  • Mostly feet moving
  • Often in two lines facing. Men and women together. Non-democratic. Top couple most important
  • Most Recreational purpose
  • A later dance KERA calls Colonial: Virginia Reel
  • Music: fiddle, flute, sometimes piano. Occasional voice as music.
native american dance
NATIVE AMERICAN DANCE
  • Grounded (low level) – respecting Earth
  • Learned from community or elders
  • Posture – knees bent. Upper body sometimes upright, sometimes bent over.
  • Mostly feet moving
  • Mostly Ceremonial purpose (today also Artistic and Recreational)
  • Themes of nature, animals, spirits, initiation, hunting, life cycle events
  • Call and Response: dancer responds to drum sounds
  • Music – drums, rattles, voice. Traditionally flute only for courting
  • Often in a circle
  • Often women only or men only – different movements for each gender
  • Women’s dances have meanings
  • Men’s dances tell stories
  • Examples: Friendship Dance, Round Dance, Bear Dance
west african dance
WEST AFRICAN DANCE
  • Grounded (low level) – respecting Earth, occasional leaps
  • Learned from community
  • Posture – bent knees, many body parts move in isolation to different rhythms at the same time. Often flat, bare feet
  • Mostly Ceremonial purpose. But could be Artistic for dancing before the Chief or King or could be Recreational.
  • Themes of nature, animals, spirits, initiation, life cycle events, work
  • Movements sharp, energetic, strong, big, free flow. Although often low, can be high.
  • Call and Response: dancer responds to drum sounds, sometimes drum responds to dancer, voices respond to each other. Dancers play the drum sounds with their bodies.
  • Music – drums, rattles, gourds, percussion voice. Often fast, use of pulse, pattern, breath
  • Often in a circle or line following a circular path with musicians in the center
  • Sometimes tell stories through a dance
  • Often women only or men only – different movements for each gender
  • All dancers equal, but with a chance to solo supported by the community
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