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UCATS Unmanned Control & Tracking System. Team DJ 3 K. Kurt Chewing Jennifer Greene Dave Manley Jeanette Smith John Smith. Agenda. Problem & Mission Statements Schedule Conops Completed Tasks Ongoing Tasks Website Stakeholder Value Mapping UCATS Risks System-of-System Description

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Ucats unmanned control tracking system l.jpg

UCATSUnmanned Control & Tracking System

Team DJ3K

Kurt Chewing

Jennifer Greene

Dave Manley

Jeanette Smith

John Smith

UCATS - Status Report


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Agenda

  • Problem & Mission Statements

  • Schedule

  • Conops

  • Completed Tasks

  • Ongoing Tasks

  • Website

  • Stakeholder Value Mapping

  • UCATS Risks

  • System-of-System Description

  • Requirements

  • Architecture (Functional & Physical)

  • Algorithm Development

  • Future Plans

UCATS - Status Report


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Problem Statement

  • Tracking Targets of Interest (TOIs) in densely populated areas present unique and difficult problems when ensuring public safety and security.

  • Coordinating airborne UAVs to intercept and track a TOI in an urban environment is time consuming and labor intensive.

UCATS - Status Report


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Mission Statement

  • The UCATS is a command and control system designed to:

    • Route UAVs to TOIs

    • Monitor the UAV location

    • Redirect the UAVs when new tasking arrives

  • Primary Mission:

    • To recommend which airborne UAVs should track TOIs

    • Direct the UAVs on a TOI intercept course

    • Monitor UAV position

    • Redirect the UAVs as new TOI tasking becomes available.

  • Goal:

    • Reduce manpower from five operators to a single operator

    • Reduce mission planning time from 45 minutes to 15 minutes or less

UCATS - Status Report


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CONOPs

UCATS - Status Report


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Networked Schedule

UCATS - Status Report


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Completed Tasks

  • Project Management Plan (PMP)

  • Statement of Work (SOW)

  • Systems Engineering Management Plan (SEMP)

  • Risk Management Plan (RMP)

  • Product Assurance Plan (PAP)

  • System Requirements Specification (SRS)

  • Concept of Operations (CONOPs)

  • Use Cases

  • Functional Model Analysis of Alternatives

  • External System Definition & Diagrams

UCATS - Status Report


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Ongoing Tasks

  • Stakeholder Value Mapping (SVM)

  • Functional Architecture

  • Physical Architecture

  • Business Case

  • Analysis of Alternatives

    • Physical Architecture (Comms, Interface, Video, etc)

    • Command & Control Stations

  • Algorithm Development

  • Website

UCATS - Status Report


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Website

UCATS - Status Report


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Stakeholder Value Mapping

  • Homeland Defense/Law Enforcement

    • FBI

    • CIA

    • DHS

    • DEA

    • CBP

  • Military

    • Army

    • Navy

    • Air Force

    • National Guard

  • Civilian

    • SEOR Sponsor – K.C. Chang

    • Team DJ3K

    • Urban Community

    • Industry

UCATS - Status Report


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Stakeholder Needs Analysis

  • Accuracy

  • Affordability

  • Safety

  • Security

  • Reliability

  • Maintainability

  • Usability

  • Availability

  • Transparency of Operations

  • Interoperability

  • Portability

  • Reproducibility

  • Performance

UCATS - Status Report


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SVM Needs Analysis [2]

  • Work to be completed:

    • Finalize Needs

    • Complete assessment

UCATS - Status Report


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UCATS Risks

  • Created a Risk Management Plan to identify UCATS risks.

UCATS - Status Report


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UCATS Risks

5

Probability

4

3

2

Consequence

1

1

2

3

4

5

#1

#3

Technical Risk

Schedule Risk

Communications Reliability

Risk Mitigation:

-- Conduct an AoA on the method of communication.

Timeframe

#4

Technical Risk

Team Distance Constraints

#2

Technical Risk

UAV Assignment Algorithm

Risk Mitigation:

-- Work very closely with Ashwin Samant.

-- Interface regularly with project sponsor.

-- Hold frequent technical reviews.

#5

Technical Risk

Routing of UAVs

High - Major disruption in the plan.

Med - Some disruption in the plan.

Low - Little or no disruption.

UCATS - Status Report



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SOS External Systems Diagram

UCATS - Status Report


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UCATS SRS Mission Requirements

  • UCATS shall generate an intercept plan

    • Predicted Target of Interest (TOI) TOI location

    • TOI intercept feasibility

    • UAV intercept routes to TOI

    • UAV(s) to TOI assignments

  • UCATS shall be capable of directing new tasking to UAVs to new TOIs.

  • UCATS shall communicate with generic medium size UAVs up to 40 miles away from the UCATS.

  • Only one operator is needed to interface with UCATS to obtain full UCATS functionality.

  • UCATS shall command and control up to five UAVs.

UCATS - Status Report


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UCATS Functional Architecture [1]

  • Used AoA to determine UCATS functional architecture

  • UCATS top level function Provide Command and Control Functions decomposed into four level one functions

    • Communicate With UAV

    • Accept Operator Requests and Provide Feedback

    • Compute UAV Presets

    • Accept Video and Display

UCATS - Status Report


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UCATS Functional Architecture [2]

UCATS - Status Report


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UCATS Functional Architecture [3]

  • Level One Functions mapped to UCATS components

  • Functions decomposed two levels deep

  • Input, Outputs, and Constraints defined

  • IDEF0 used to model Functional Architecture

  • Future Task, Map Functional and Physical Architect to Operational Requirements

UCATS - Status Report


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UCATS Functional Architecture [4]

UCATS - Status Report



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UCATS Generic Physical Architecture

  • UCATS Built from four components

    • Comms Module: Sends messages to and receives data from the UAV

    • Interface Module: comprises the Human Computer Interface for UCATS

    • Presetting Algorithm Module: contains the algorithm needed to provide operator recommendations

    • Video Module: receives and displays video

UCATS - Status Report


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Algorithm Past Development

  • Tracking algorithm previously developed

    • Tangent-plus-Lyapunov Vector Field Guidance (T+LVFG)

    • MatLab Algorithms

  • Incorporated Google Earth Visualization (GUI)

    • Java Script

  • Designed for 2 UAVs & 2 TOIs

UCATS - Status Report


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Algorithm Current Development

  • Allow for various combinations of UAVs and TOIs

    • 5v5, 5v3, 3v5, etc

  • Obstacle Avoidance

    • Intergration with tracking algorithm

  • TOI Priority

    • What UAV should track which TOI

    • Greedy Algorithm

  • Enhance web interface with user

  • Spiral development

UCATS - Status Report


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Algorithm Current Development [2]

  • TOI Priority

    • 3 Cases

      • # of UAVs = # of TOIs

      • # of UAVs > # of TOIs

      • # of UAVs < # of TOIs

    • Highest priority TOI assessed first

    • Closest UAV to TOI is assigned based on distance

  • Dynamically changing TOI priority

UCATS - Status Report


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Algorithm GUI Development

UCATS - Status Report


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Algorithm Future Development

  • TOI Priority

    • UAV and TOI heading

    • UAV altitude for multiple UAVs tracking the same TOI

  • Communication Simulation

    • Loss of signal due to range

    • Loss of signal due to shadowing

UCATS - Status Report


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Future Plans

  • Continue work on…

    • Getting Stakeholder Approval/Comments on value mapping, SRS, and functional and physical architecture

    • Finalize Functional Architecture

    • Complete AoAs for Physical Architecture instantiation

    • Algorithm Development

    • Prototype

    • Business Case

    • Analysis of Alternatives

    • Website

    • Final Report & Presentation

UCATS - Status Report


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Questions?

UCATS - Status Report


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