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The Interwar Era

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Honors World History – 30 terms. The Interwar Era. Roaring Twenties. Nickname given to the 1920s as experienced in the United States Began with the relief that WW I was over Was an age of optimism and excitement with new art forms such as jazz amongst other changes

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roaring twenties
Roaring Twenties
  • Nickname given to the 1920s as experienced in the United States
  • Began with the relief that WW I was over
  • Was an age of optimism and excitement with new art forms such as jazz amongst other changes
  • ended with the stock market crash of 1929.
harlem renaissance
Harlem Renaissance
  • an African American cultural movement in the 1920s and 1930s, centered in Harlem.
prohibition
Prohibition
  • a ban on the manufacture and sale of alcoholic beverages in the United States from 1920 to 1933.
marie 1867 1934 and pierre 1859 1906 curie
Marie 1867-1934 and Pierre 1859-1906 Curie
  • European chemists and physicists; they discovered radium and polonium in 1898.
albert einstein
Albert Einstein
  • (1879-1955)
  • American theoretical physicist
  • Developed the theory of relativity among his many scientific theories
  • Was awarded the Nobel Prize for physics in 1921.
sigmund freud
Sigmund Freud
  • (1856-1939)
  • Austrian psychiatrist and founder of psychoanalysis
  • Treated hysteria using hypnosis
  • Believed that complexes of repressed and forgotten impressions underlie all abnormal mental states.
maginot line
Maginot Line
  • massive fortifications built by the French along the French border with Germany in the 1930s to protect against future invasions.
kellogg briand pact
Kellogg-Briand Pact

General Treaty for the Renunciation of War was signed on Aug. 27, 1928

Frank Billings Kellogg (December 22, 1856 – December 21, 1937) was an American lawyer, politician, and statesman who served in the U.S. Senate and as U.S. Secretary of State. He co-authored the Kellogg-Briand Pact, for which he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1929.

An international agreement

Signed by almost every nation in 1928 to stop using war as a method of national policy.

reduction of armed forces and weapons
reduction of armed forces and weapons.

reduction of armed forces and weapons.

disarmament

depression
Depression
  • a period of low general economic activity marked especially by rising levels of unemployment.
great depression
Great Depression
  • (1929-1930s)
  • a severe worldwide depression that followed the collapse of the United States stock market; prices and wages fell, business activity slowed, and unemployment rose.
franklin delano rooselt
Franklin Delano Rooselt
  • (1882-1945)
  • Thirty-second president of the United States
  • Was elected president four times
  • Led during the major crises of the Great Depression and World War II.

Often referred to as “FDR.” ===

new deal
New Deal
  • U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s plan of economic relief, recovery, and reforms for the country during the Great Depression.
joseph stalin
Joseph Stalin
  • (1879-1953)
  • Led the U.S.S.R. after Vladimir Lenin’s death
  • Totalitarian dictator of the Soviet Union
  • Led the Soviet Union through WW II and created a powerful Soviet sphere of influence in Eastern Europe after the war.
socialist republic
Socialist Republic
  • a type of republic in which there is no private property and the state owns and distributes all goods to people.
socialist realism
Socialist Realism
  • artistic style whose goal was to promote socialism by showing Soviet life in a positive way
propaganda
Propaganda
  • information such as posters and pamphlets created by governments in order to influence public opinion.

Remember whose history is it?

Perspective is everything!!!!

totalitarianism
totalitarianism
  • form of government in which the person or party in charge has absolute power/ control over all aspects of life.
benito mussolini
Benito Mussolini
  • (1883-1945)
  • Italian Fascist leader
  • Ruled as Italy’s dictator for more than 20 years beginning in 1922
  • His alliance with Hitler brought Italy into WW II.
fascism
Fascism
  • a totalitarian system of government that focuses on the good of the state rather than on the good of the individual citizens.
  • type of state created in Italy under Mussolini
il duce
Il Duce
  • “The Leader” - title taken by Benito Mussolini.
adolf hitler
Adolf Hitler
  • 1889-1945
  • Totalitarian dictator of Germany
  • His invasion of European countries led to World War II.
  • Espoused notions of racial superiority and was responsible for the mass murder of millions of Jews and others in the Holocaust.
nazi party
Nazi Party
  • National Socialist Party
  • Fascist political party of Adolf Hitler governed on totalitarian lines and advocating German racial superiority.
mein kampf
Mein Kampf
  • “My Struggle” – book written by Adolf Hitler outlining Nazi ideals and ideology.
charisma
charisma
  • a personal magic of leadership arousing special popular loyalty or enthusiasm for a public figure as a political leader or military commander
  • a special magnetic charm or appeal
hirohito
Hirohito
  • (1901-1989)
  • Emperor of Japan from 1926 to 1989
  • Led Japan during World War II
  • Was forced into unconditional surrender following the atomic-bomb attacks on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

= With U.S. Gen. MacArthur

hideki tojo
Hideki Tojo
  • (1884-1948)
  • Japanese nationalist and general
  • Took control of Japan during World War II
  • Was later tried and executed for war crimes.
interwar unit vocabulary
Interwar Unit Vocabulary
  • This concludes the review!
  • Good Luck!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
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