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The Interwar Years. On To Ottawa Trek and the Regina Riot. Canada in the Depression. In Alberta, C.H. Douglas proposed “social credit.” According to him, the problem with the economy is consumers didn’t have enough buying power.

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the interwar years

The Interwar Years

On To Ottawa Trek and the Regina Riot

canada in the depression
Canada in the Depression
  • In Alberta, C.H. Douglas proposed “social credit.” According to him, the problem with the economy is consumers didn’t have enough buying power.
  • Solution: cash vouchers called “social dividends” or social credit to spur economic revival.
  • A radio evangelist, “Bible Bill” Aberhart ran for premier promising to issue $25 a month to every adult in Alberta. He won the 1935 election.
  • But monetary policy is federal jurisdiction. Supreme Court called it “unconstitutional”
  • Result: provinces couldn’t issue their own currency
bennett s new deal 1935
Bennett’s New Deal 1935
  • R.B. introduced programs to protect individuals and businesses
  • Progressive Taxation (the more you make, the more you pay)
  • Maximum number of hours in a work week
  • Intro. Of minimum wage
  • Stronger regulation of working conditions
  • Unemployment Insurance
  • Health and accident insurance
  • Revised old age pension plan
  • Agricultural support
  • A marketing board to regulate wheat prices

Unfortunately these programs did little to help with unemployment

Bennett also set up high tariffs to protect Canadian Industries. He thought other countries would lower their tariffs because they would need Canada’s resources.

on to ottawa trek
On to Ottawa Trek
  • Bennett set up unemployment relief camps for single, unemployed men.
  • The men would work on public projects (such as building roads) for $0.20 a day plus room and board. Unfortunately it was not enough to solve the financial crisis.
  • June 1935, thousands of relief camp workers in Vancouver boarded trains to Ottawa. As it crossed the country, the protest grew in numbers. They demanded “work with wages,” and “real jobs”
regina riot
Regina Riot

The protest was stopped in Regina by RCMP.

300+ RCMP were dressed in riot gear and were concealed in large, moving vans. Another 50 were nearby on horses.

Using baseball bats, clubs, and tear gas, the RCMP fought the crowd for more than three hours.

Dozens of “trekkers” were injured and one officer was beaten to death.

The Trekkers returned to the West Coast with no solution except a small pay increase.

As a result, people began to turn against Bennett in favour of Mackenzie King, who defeated Bennett in the October 1935 federal election.

jigsaw part 1 3
Jigsaw part 1/3
  • You will be given a sheet that is either a primary or secondary source.
  • 1. In groups of same sheet number you will first read (and highlight or make note of key sentences) then discuss the perspective. Who is being blamed for the riot and why? What evidence is there? Complete your findings on your worksheet
  • The whole group must agree on who is being blamed, key evidence supporting that position, an idea of whether or not a bias is present
making inferences
Making Inferences

Inference / Conclusion

  • Inferences / conclusions are summary statements based on an observation from the evidence; the inference / conclusion you reach should be based on an observation(s) that you made from reviewing the evidence.
  • An inference is what you conclude, based on what you observed in the specific document, inferences need to be plausible (based on historical facts / evidence/ quotes).
  • Several inferences can be made from the same subheadings, there is not “a” right answer, multiple answers / inferences are plausible .
  • These are summary statements (identifications)
document analysis worksheet
Document Analysis Worksheet
  • Ignore the line separating the last two columns:
  • Summary of key points and Inferences about the question under consideration
  • This is to be one section which provides your inferences about four of the six documents provided on who was most to blame for the Regina Riot
  • This is step I of III towards determining and answer to the question: Who was to blame for starting the Regina Riot on July 1, 1935?
jigsaw part 2 3
Jigsaw Part 2/3
  • 2. You will be rearranged into new groups, one representative from each sheetTake turns discussing your findings. Rest of group makes note in their document worksheet.
  • The group will discuss who they think is to blame for the riot, why, and provide the best evidence to support the conclusion
jigsaw part 3 3
Jigsaw Part 3/3
  • 3. Turn to the t-chart in your booklet. As a class we will review some points groups had made (who are they blaming and why?)
  • Assignment: Formulate a clear argument specifying who should be blamed for starting the Regina Riot. Provide four points as evidence in the space provided.