Table of contents • Where is Scotland? • Country facts • Flag • Patron Saint • Motto and anthem • Capital of Scotland • Major cities • Offical language
Table of contents • The longest river • The largest lake • The highest point • The lowest point • National flower and official animal • Scotland is famous for • Famous Scots • Scottish inventors and inventions • Interesting facts
Where is Scotland? • in north-west Europe • part of Great Britain and the UK • shares a land border to the south with England • it is bounded by the North Sea on the east and the Atlantic Ocean on the west
Country facts • Area: 78,789 sq km • Population: 5,054,800 (2002) • Nationality: Scottish and British • Currency: Pound Sterling (GBP) • Main Religions: Church of Scotland (Presbyterian) Scottish Episcopal Church, Roman Catholicism
Scottish flag Saint Andrew’s Cross
Patron Saint Saint Andrew celebrated on 30th November
Motto and anthem • Scottish motto is ”In My Defens God Me Defend”. • National anthem of Scotland is “Flower of Scotland”.
Major cities Aberdeen Dundee Glasgow
Official language English (Scottish Gaelic is spoken by 1.4 percent of the population)
The longest river River Tay - 193 km (120 miles) long
The largest lake Loch Lomond – 40 km (24 miles) long
The highest point Ben Nevis (1,343 m)
The lowest point Bed of Loch Morar (300 m below sea level)
National flower and official animal • The national flower of Scotland: THISTLE • The official animal of Scotland: UNICORN
Scotland is famous for: Kilts Bagpipes
Scotland is famous for: Sword Dance a Scottish national dance
Scotland is famous for: The Loch Ness Monster or Nessie – a mysterious monster that is said to lurk in the dephts of the water
Scotland is famous for: • Medieval castles : Edinburgh Castle – home to the Scottish Crown Jewels Palace of Holyroodhouse - the official seat of the reigning Scottish monarch
Scotland is famous for: Clans generally identify with geographical areas originally controlled by the Chiefs. Most clans have their own tartan pattern.
Scotland is famous for: Poetry and songs Of Robert Burns (Auld Lang Syne – a songsang at the stroke of midnight to celebrate the start of the New Year)
Scotland is famous for: Scotch Whisky
Scotland is famous for: Haggis a traditional Scottish dish served with turnip and potato.It is normally made with the heart, liver, and lungs of a sheep, traditionally boiled in the animal's stomach.
Scotland is famous for: • The Caber Toss is a traditional Scottish athletic event practised at the Scottish Highland Games involving the tossing of a large wooden pole called a caber.
Famous Scots ROBERT BURNS WALTER SCOTT a poet a poet
Famous Scots R. L. STEVENSON A. CONAN DOYLE a writer a physician & writer(stories about the Detective Sherlock Holmes)
Famous Scots DAVID HUME LORD KELVIN a philosopherformulated the‘Kelvin’ scale of absolute temperature
Famous Scots ANNIE LENNOX WET WET WET a singer-songwriter a pop rock band
Famous Scots TRAVIS SIMPLE MINDS a post-Britpop band a rock band
Famous Scots SUSAN BOYLE SEAN CONNERY a singer an actor
Scottish inventors & inventions Alexander Fleming a Scottish bacteriologist who discovered Penicillin in 1928, which won him the Nobel Prize
Scottish inventors & inventions James Watt steam engine
Scottish inventors & inventions Alexander Graham Bell invented the first practical telephone in 1876
Scottish inventors & inventions John Logie Baird inventor of the television. In 1925 he sent and received the first wireless television signal.
Scottish inventors & inventions Dolly the Sheep – the first cloned mammal at the Roslin Institute, nearEdinburgh. She lived healthy for six years.
Interesting facts • The modern game of golf was first dveloped and established in Scotland in the 15th century. • Edinburgh was the first city in the world which had its own fire-brigade. • Edinburgh, like Rome, was built on seven hills.
Interesting facts • The capital of Scotland, Edinburgh, is only its second largest city, after Glasgow. • Scotland is home to the oldest tree in Europe, a twisted yew which has stood in Fortingall for 3,000 years. According to local legend, Pontius Pilate was born in its shade and played there as a child.
Interesting facts • The raincoat was invented in1824 in Scotland by Charles Macintosh, a chemist born in Glasgow. • One of Scotland’s most famous products, whisky, was actually invented in China. It was first distilled by monks in Ireland in the early 15th century, before reaching Scotland 100 years later.
Can you answer? • What’s the capital city of Scotland? • What is Scotland famous for? • Who is the patron saint of Scotland? • Describe Scotland’s flag. • Name famous Scots. • Who discovered Penicillin? • Who invented the first practical telephone?
Made by: Ana Bićanić, 6c