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Restructuring South African Cities:. A recap on the Restructuring Grant Restructuring Jo’burg Effective management in Mangaung Some preliminary comparisons. What is the Restructuring Grant?. Grant administered by National Treasury Aimed at approximately the largest 15 municipalities

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restructuring south african cities
Restructuring South African Cities:
  • A recap on the Restructuring Grant
  • Restructuring Jo’burg
  • Effective management in Mangaung
  • Some preliminary comparisons
what is the restructuring grant
What is the Restructuring Grant?
  • Grant administered by National Treasury
  • Aimed at approximately the largest 15 municipalities
    • Those whose success or failure would have an impact on the national economy
  • Was developed in the context of a response to the Johannesburg crisis
  • Intended to facilitate restructuring which
    • pre-empts and avoids key threats
    • Leads to significant enhancement of a municipality
characteristics of the grant
Characteristics of the grant
  • Not intended to finance specific projects
  • Aimed at getting municipalities to develop a coherent strategy and programme for improvement….and stick to it
  • Structural reform programme to be determined by municipality – not Treasury
  • Agreed amounts are paid out on the basis of reaching pre-agreed targets and milestones
  • Aimed at developing a more substantial relationship between bigger cities and Treasury
  • Amounts available are considerable
content of application
Content of application
  • Key motivation of about 10 to 15 pages
    • Annexures containing detail
  • Must show proper appreciation and ownership of key issues and problems
  • Must indicate strategies to address key problems and opportunities
  • Must include indicators against which progress in addressing key problems can be measured
    • To be refined in the process of negotiations
  • Emphasis on financial sustainability
what are we looking for
What are we looking for?
  • An understanding of the current context and trends w.r.t. economic, social , service delivery, financial & organisational issues
  • A vision and approach that addresses these issues that is credible, owned and understood by key leadership (political and administrative), and clearly communicated
  • A set of lead programmes and projects which give life and momentum to the vision
    • Limited number
    • Appropriately balanced between inward and outward focus
    • Milestones that can be monitored
    • Aimed at supporting key drivers and managing key risks
  • Must be based on financial sustainability & address revenue/income issues
amalgamating johannesburg
Amalgamating Johannesburg

Pre 1994

11 Administrations

1995 Elections

8 Councils

City of Johannesburg

Post elections 2000

the need for change
The Need for Change

Reality in 1999: a City in crisis

  • Financial crisis – expenditure control and revenue management
    • growing non-payment (debtors at 240 days, 42% of total income)
    • weakening revenue streams due to fragmented billing, service delivery and treasury functions
    • expensive structures (42 000 staff), esp middle mgmt
    • aggressive capital budget
    • large overdraft, zero surplus, abundant arrears
  • Low morale
  • No accountability
  • Poor customer service
  • Reduced service quality
  • Duplications
  • Fragmented Systems & Procedures

SOLUTION

iGOLI 2002

slide9

iGOLI 2002

  • An institutional restructuring programme with an efficiency objective:
    • clarifying roles and lines of accountability of legislature – executive – management – providers - residents
    • developing performance culture & incentives
  • Strategy to redefine council structure
    • Polit- admin interface
    • Service provision:- from delivery to enablement
    • Stakeholder participation shifted towards more diffuse interests
slide10

A new organisation designed

ContractsFinanceCorporateCommunity

CM

Regions X 11

MPS

Peoples Centres

Heritage Services

EMS

Health

Social Services

Housing

Libraries

Sport &Recreation

Planning

The People

Good governance

Sustainable services

Social & Economic Development

Healthy and Safe Environment

Participatory and Inclucivity

Council

Exec Mayor

  • City Power
  • Pikitup
  • JHB Water
  • Roads Agency
  • City Parks
  • JHB Zoo
  • Civic
  • The Market
  • Metrobus
  • ProCom
political admin interface structure

Executive Mayor

109

Ward

108PR

Mayoral Committee

217

Regions

RM

Council Section 79 Committees

Political/ Admin Interface Structure

City Manager

Speaker

Central Admin

Regional Ward Offices

Ward Committees

The People’s Assembly

internal organisational structure
Internal Organisational Structure

Council

Executive Mayor

CEO

Heritage

MPS

EMS

Plan

Finance

Contr.

Mangt

Corp.

Service

Comm. Dev

Regions X 11

Health

Social Services

Housing

Libraries

Sport &Recreation

Peoples Centres

slide13

Utilities and Agencies

  • UTILITIES: (Dividend-paying)
    • Joburg Water, Citipower, Pikitup
  • AGENCIES (Subsidised)
    • Johannesburg Roads, City Parks
  • CORPORATISED ENTITIES
  • The Civic Theatre, The Zoo, Metro Bus, Fresh Produce Market, Johannesburg Property Company, JDA, MTC
  • Independent Boards, Service delivery agreements
privatisation corporatisation outsourcing

Privatisation

Corporat-isation

Outsourcing

Privatisation, Corporatisation & Outsourcing
  • Rand Airport (June) S197 of the LRA facilitated transfer
    • Employee briefings and consultations extensive
    • All Contracts protect employee provisions and give job guarantee
  • Metro gas (August)
  • Corporatisation (July)
  • IT outsourcing (September)
  • Fleet outsourcing (October)
contract management regulation

Exec Mayor

Shareholder

CEO

Contract Management Unit

Consultants

Engineering

legal

Accountant

Economic

  • Quality
  • Strategy
  • Busn’s plans
  • Tariffs
  • Pricing Policy
  • Service Delivery
  • Agreements
  • Governance
  • Financial
  • Analysis
Contract Management & Regulation

Shareholders Unit

slide16

The financial plan

  • Weakly developed at first
    • Revenue not focused on, but
    • Condition of the Project (the financial outcome of iGoli 2002 plan), and of Restructuring Grant (R525m over 3 years)
  • Realised that a financially stronger city can
    • Build its own reserves
    • Borrow at cheaper rates
    • Achieve sound financial administration
    • Achieve acceptable payment levels
    • React to changes in payment levels
    • Maintain assets and service levels
strategic planning cycle
Strategic Planning Cycle
  • iGoli 2010 - long term and strategies
  • 3 year rolling strategic plan & budget - annual review cycle.
  • Integral Part of the Strategic Planning Cycle
  • This 3 year financial plan is being produced in a time of change.
  • Revised as the transition process progresses
what did it mean

4

What did it mean ...

As a resident……..

  • Participation
  • Improved services
  • Transparency
  • Ongoing development of facilities
  • Accountable local government
  • Enhanced access

As an employee...

  • Greater role clarity
  • Career development
  • Plans for salary parity to be addressed
  • Reskilling opportunities
  • Working partnership
johannesburg restructuring grant
Johannesburg Restructuring Grant
  • Negotiated btw March and August 2000, based on iGoli 2002, providing R525 million over 3 years
    • Partnership btw central and local government
  • Institutional conditions to ensure timely implementation of iGoli 2002 plan
  • Financial conditions to address risks:
    • external debt management
    • management of expenditure mix
    • cash flow improvements
    • enhanced and responsible capital spending
    • revenue improvement
  • City permitted to adjust financial trendline but not outcome
  • Quarterly reporting required
progress in jo burg
Progress in Jo’burg

Still too early to tell, but:

  • Greater political focus on governance and delivery
  • More uniform and stable political centre
  • Greater administrative confidence and capacity, within performance culture
  • Vastly improved strategic capacity
  • Consciously and successfully branded as a success
  • Limited progress of revenue enhancement, but improved financial reporting and debt management through establishment of Budget Office
  • Greater focus on economic development and job creation
  • Service delivery improvements emerging from increased capital spending, and new service subsidies for poor
  • Improvements in housing delivery, customer care and management of inner city
lessons from jo burg
Lessons from Jo’burg
  • Although complex and time-consuming, it can be done
    • Key success factor is local ownership of problems and solutions
    • Strong political and admin leadership is necessary to take tough decisions
  • A crisis provides significant momentum, by framing issues necessary for action
    • Not necessarily accurate in complex systems
  • Designing residual functions (including regulatory framework) is complex and difficult
  • Credible, concrete and implementable programme is essential
  • Never ignore revenue performance
  • Branding is important
towards a strategic framework situation analysis
Towards a strategic frameworkSituation analysis
  • State of development
    • stagnant economy with evidence of decline
    • growing population - younger, poorer
    • large anticipated impact of HIV/AIDS
  • State of services and finance
    • reasonably sound finances but signs of stress
    • significant basic service backlogs but manageable
    • development services poorly developed
  • State of municipal organisation
    • reasonably solid administration but lots of improvement needed
what resources will be available to deliver services ten years from now
What resources will be available to deliver services ten years from now?

6% growth

R1521m

1% growth

R935m

R850m

Now

Ten years time

slide29
Our strategy for achieving this Virtuous circle of growth, community self-reliance and service excellence

Civic Leadership

Common purpose

Community

resilience &

self-reliance

Economic

growth

Service

excellence

slide30
Our strategy for achieving this Virtuous circle of growth, community resilience and self-reliance and service excellence

Civic Leadership

Common purpose

Community

resilience &

self-reliance

Economic

growth

Safety

Income

HIV/AIDS

CBD

Environment

Housing

Roads and water

Education

Service

excellence

implementation
Implementation
  • Focus on key drivers
  • Manage key risks
focus on key drivers
Focus on key drivers
  • “Mangaung on the Move” (growth initiative)
    • engage immediately with key potential investors (MDP)
    • CBD renewal
  • “Community Power” (community support programme)
    • pilots for community service delivery
    • implementation of ward plans
  • AIDS ACTION
  • Service Charter 2006
    • sustainable service levels
    • getting out of non-core business (engage MIIU)
    • service strategies for each service (waste management, community/development services)
focus on key drivers cont
Focus on key drivers (cont)
  • 100% Campaign (debt collection)
    • tax and tariff policy
    • re-organisation of income administration
  • “The Benchmark Municipality” Municipal Reform programme
    • finalising organisation design and associated systems
    • responsiveness and customer care
    • performance management and benchmarks
    • efficient decision-making and administrative systems
manage key risks
Manage key risks
  • Turning around rising personnel cost trend
    • organisation restructuring to reduce over time total cost of employment
  • Addressing disparities and challenges of BBT reality
    • short term measures
      • work with FSDC to fill idle factories in Thaba Nchu and Botshabelo
      • service extension as per agreed levels and standards
    • investigate longer term approaches
      • long-term transport strategy
      • investigation of Botshabelo EPZ
    • no major new infrastructure development until trends and strategies clearer?
manage key risks35
Manage key risks
  • ‘Ahead of the RED’
    • Responding pro-actively to creation of REDS
    • speedy movement to business unit
      • understanding costs
      • understand systems
      • enhanced positioning
    • active lobbying at all levels to maximise municipal interest
  • Enhancing position of Mangaung in inter-governmental system
    • active lobbying and networking for 1 effective tier (ideally metro status)
  • Addressing the AIDS pandemic
lessons from mangaung
Lessons from Mangaung
  • Well-managed authorities should not rest on their laurels
  • Participatory processes can deliver high-quality and innovative results, while still making tough decisions
  • Inter-governmental relationships are critical to manage proactively
  • Strong leadership and clear communication are critical
comparisons
Comparisons
  • Focus on the big picture, save detail for specific interventions
  • Decisions required on level of integration
    • Mangaung a more typical CDS, but only a starting point to frame agenda, considerable work required on technical design
    • Jo’burg far more technically developed, less typical - reflects different motivations
  • Leadership is critical
    • A small, committed team
    • Quick and deep decision-making essential
    • Change managers NOT crisis managers