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What are STIMULANTS ? & What are their EFFECTS ?. By: Alexis Rogers Block 2A: AP Psychology. What are stimulants?.

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what are stimulants what are their effects

What are STIMULANTS?& What are their EFFECTS?

By: Alexis Rogers

Block 2A: AP Psychology

what are stimulants
What are stimulants?
  • A stimulant is defined as a substance that will increase the levels of psychological or nervous activity in the body. Stimulants also elevate blood pressure, heart rate, and respiration.
different types of stimulants
Different types of stimulants?
  • Some stimulants are found in the foods/beverages/vitamins you consume.
  • …others are categorized as drugs.
  • Caffeine
  • Ginseng
  • Guarana
  • L-Tyrosine
  • Gotu Kola
  • Taurine

GOOD & BAD

  • Nicotine
  • Amphetamines
  • Adderall
  • Dexedrine
  • Cocaine
  • Ritalin
what about the effects of these stimulants
What about the effects of these stimulants?
  • Taurine:

-Improves athletic performance, energy, and stamina

-Helps protect against damage to the central nervous system

-Has been proved to reverse some damages done to smoking

  • Guarana:

-Described as a natural Ritalin

-Studies show that this stimulant helps improve cognitive functions such as memory, concentration, and increased task performance

-Being tested in an attempt to provide cognitive improvement of those who suffer from “chemo-brain”

  • Ginseng:

-One of the most common herbal stimulant

-Reduce blood sugar

-Improve cognitive performance

-Useful for people with ADD

-Boosts immune system

  • Caffeine:

-Essentially effects the central nervous system

-Increases alertness

-Can cause insomnia

-Can cause headaches, nervousness, and dizziness

  • Gotu Kola:

-Improves circulation

-Improves mental clarity

-Augments memory

-Reduce anxiety

-Boosts immune system when stressed

  • L-Tyrosine:

-Is a building block for many neurotransmitters(serotonin, dopamine, epinephrine)

-Helps with alertness

what about the effect of these stimulants too
What about the effect of these stimulants too?
  • Cocaine:

-Interferes with neurotransmitters

-Increase of energy and alertness

-Restlessness

-Anxiety

-Elevated mood

-Paranoia

-Extreme excitement

-Can cause strokes, heart attacks, and seizures

  • Amphetamines:

-Stimulates the central nervous system

-Increases heart rate, blood pressure, and decreases appetite

-Can cause restlessness and hides symptoms of tiredness

-You can become dependent on the stimuli if you use it too often

  • Adderall:

-Used to tread ADD and narcolepsy

-Stimulates the central nervous system

-Increases alertness

-Contributes to hyperactivity and impulse control

  • Nicotine:

-Acts as both a stimulant and a sedative

-Addictive

-Increases levels of dopamine

-Results in the release of adrenaline

  • Ritalin:

-Used to treat ADD, ADHD, and narcolepsy

-Mood swings

-Increases ability to pay attention, stay focused on one activity

-Help improve listening skills

-changes amount of natural substances in the brain

  • Dexedrine:

-Stimulates the central nervous system

-Improves attention span and behavior

-Restlessness

click the link below if you re interested in a video
Click the link below if you’re interested in a video…
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5x93935bpvs
bibliography
Bibliography

"Adderall." Information from Drugs.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Feb. 2014. <http://www.drugs.com/adderall.html>.

"Amphetamine." Information from Drugs.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Feb. 2014. <http://www.drugs.com/amphetamine.html>.

"Dexedrine." Tablets: Indications, Side Effects, Warnings. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Feb. 2014. <http://www.drugs.com/cdi/dexedrine.html>.

"Neuroscience for Kids - Caffeine." Neuroscience for Kids - Caffeine. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 Feb. 2014. <http://faculty.washington.edu/chudler/caff.html>.

"Prescription Drugs: Abuse and Addiction." What are stimulants?. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 Feb. 2014. <http://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/research-reports/prescription-drugs/stimulants/what-are-stimulants>.

"The Best Natural Stimulants For Increased Energy and Weight Loss." The Best Natural Stimulants For Increased Energy and Weight Loss. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Feb. 2014. <http://healthwyze.org/index.php/component/content/article/332-the-best-natural-stimulants-for-increased-energy-and-weight-loss.html>.

"What are stimulants?." YouTube. YouTube, 13 Feb. 2012. Web. 3 Feb. 2014. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5x93935bpvs>.

"cocaine." psychology today . N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Feb. 2014. <http://m.psychologytoday.com/conditions/nicotine>.