EFFECTS OF POLLUTION ON THE INDIAN MONUMENTS THE GLORIES OF OUR PAST BEING PLAGUED BY POLLUTION
EFFECTS OF POLLUTION ON RED FORT • The effect of pollution on red fort is very harmful. • There are a number of pollutants which are created from the air pollution. • These particles settle down on the walls of the fort which results in the discoloration of the red color of the walls. • Because of this, The walls are obtaining a dull color which is disgracing the cultural heritage of our nation.
CHARMINAR TERRORISED BY POLLUTION • Moss and lichen growth has occurred on the walls facing the mosque • The steps leading to the upper portions of the monuments are also damaged. • “The Damage is not of a serious nature”, says Superintending Archaeologist, ASI. • A Chemical wash of the Charminar has also been planned simultaneously.
POLLUTION GNAWING AT THE WALLS OF THE TAJ MAHAL • Pollution is turning the Taj Mahal yellow, despite efforts by the Indian government to control air contamination around the poignant 17th century monument • Airborne particles are being deposited on the monument's white marble, giving it a yellow tinge. • Acommittee recommends that while undertaking any conservation activity at the Taj Mahal, abundant cautions should be taken to retain the original glory of the shimmering white marble used to build it.
THE LESHAN BUDDHA, CHINA • Towering above the sheer river gorges of China’s Sichuan province, Mount Emei, one of the “Four Sacred Buddhist Mountains of China”, represents the main seat of Chinese Buddhism. • The Leshan Buddha has fallen victim to pollution emanating from unbridled development in the region. • Over time, the Buddha's nose has turned black and the curls of his hair have begun to fall from his head.
ACROPOLIS OF ATHENS, GREECE • The Acropolis of Athens is the most quintessentially important monument that carries the name; when historians refer to simply “the Acropolis”, it is the one in Athens that is being referenced. • In recent decades, as Greece has experienced substantial economic expansion and development, pollutants and heavy vehicle emissions from the booming modern city of Athens have contributed to acid rain in the region.
LONGMEN GROTTOES, CHINA • The Longmen Grottoes are arguably the most famous ancient sculptural site in China. • Through the centuries, natural and manmade factors have damaged the niches, sculptures and paintings. • Crevices across the rock base are causing instability and have resulted in the collapse of some niches and the destruction of their contents.
MEASURES TAKEN BY THE INDIAN GOVERNMENT • Measures taken by the Indian Government to protect their monuments: • Pending laws for the protection of the monuments. • Very less funding for the protection, restoration and maintenance of the monuments. • What individuals do in India to their monuments: • Cut trees in the areas around the monuments which increases the pollution in the air. • Littering and making graffiti in the heritage sites of our nation.
MEASURES TAKEN BY GOVERNMENTS OUTSIDE INDIA • Measures taken by the foreign Governments to protect their monuments: • Laws enacted to protect their monuments from further damage. • Funding for monuments protection, restoration and maintenance. • What individuals do in most countries to protect their monuments: • Plant trees to keep the areas protected from erosion. • Not littering or making graffiti / removing trash and graffiti to keep the monuments looking attractive. • When visiting the monuments, they do not leave behind anything besides their footsteps and take away nothing more than their memories.
CONCLUSION “WHERE THERE IS A WILL, THERE IS A WAY” We Indians need to have the will to protect our national heritage and the solutions will automatically follow.
THANK YOU HOPE YOU ENJOYED IT Made By: Saif702/N Parikshit 684/V Rahul 711/N Vijay 653/A Manish 729/N