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COUPLET: The lines that sum it all up. The Sonnet. A poem with 14 lines The “Shakespearean” variety uses the following rhyme pattern: A coat B bill A goat B dill C frank D team C rank D seem E hat F fish E cat F dish G book G hook. AND.

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the sonnet

COUPLET: The lines that sum it all up.

The Sonnet
  • A poem with 14 lines
  • The “Shakespearean” variety uses the following rhyme pattern:

A coat

B bill

A goat

B dill

C frank

D team

C rank

D seem

E hat

F fish

E cat

F dish

G book

G hook

slide2
AND
  • It’s usually all about

LOVE

sonnet 18
Sonnet 18

Look at the punctuation!

A

B

A

B

Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?

Thou art more lovely and more temperate:

Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May,

And summer's lease hath all too short a date:

Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines,

And often is his gold complexion dimmed,

And every fair from fair sometime declines,

By chance, or nature's changing course untrimmed:

But thy eternal summer shall not fade,

Nor lose possession of that fair thou ow'st,

Nor shall death brag thou wander'st in his shade,

When in eternal lines to time thou grow'st,

So long as men can breathe, or eyes can see,

So long lives this, and this gives life to thee.

C

D

C

D

What’s the deal with this word?

E

F

E

F

G

G

sonnet 185
Sonnet 18

A

B

A

B

Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?

Thou art more lovely and more temperate:

Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May,

And summer's lease hath all too short a date:

Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines,

And often is his gold complexion dimmed,

And every fair from fair sometime declines,

By chance, or nature's changing course untrimmed:

But thy eternal summer shall not fade,

Nor lose possession of that fair thou ow'st,

Nor shall death brag thou wander'st in his shade,

When in eternal lines to time thou grow'st,

So long as men can breathe, or eyes can see,

So long lives this, and this gives life to thee.

C

D

C

D

E

F

E

F

G

G

sonnet 186
Sonnet 18

Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?

Thou art more lovely and more temperate:

Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May,

And summer's lease hath all too short a date:

Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines,

And often is his gold complexion dimmed,

And every fair from fair sometime declines,

By chance, or nature's changing course untrimmed:

But thy eternal summer shall not fade,

Nor lose possession of that fair thou ow'st,

Nor shall death brag thou wander'st in his shade,

When in eternal lines to time thou grow'st,

So long as men can breathe, or eyes can see,

So long lives this, and this gives life to thee.

A

B

A

B

Shall Icompare theeto asummer's day?

Thou artmore lovelyand more temperate:

Rough winds doshake the darling budsof May,

And summer's lease hath alltoo short a date:

Sometimetoo hotthe eye ofheaven shines,

And often is hisgoldcomplexiondimmed,

And every fair fromfairsometimedeclines,

By chance, or nature's changing course untrimmed:

But thy eternal summershall not fade,

Nor losepossession of that fair thou ow'st,

Norshalldeathbrag thou wander'st in his shade,

When in eternal lines to timethou grow'st,

Solong as men can breathe, or eyes can see,

Solong lives this, and thisgives lifeto thee.

C

D

C

D

E

F

E

F

G

G

sonnet 130
Sonnet 130

My mistress' eyes are nothing like the sun;

Coral is far more red, than her lips red:

If snow be white, why then her breasts are dun;

If hairs be wires, black wires grow on her head.

I have seen roses damasked, red and white,

But no such roses see I in her cheeks;

And in some perfumes is there more delight

Than in the breath that from my mistress reeks.

I love to hear her speak, yet well I know

That music hath a far more pleasing sound:

I grant I never saw a goddess go,

My mistress, when she walks, treads on the ground:

And yet by heaven, I think my love as rare,

As any she belied with false compare.

sonnet 1308
Sonnet 130

What are some possible meanings? Does it matter if we know EXACTLY what it means?

My mistress' eyes are nothing like the sun;

Coral is far more red, than her lips red:

If snow be white, why then her breasts are dun;

If hairs be wires, black wires grow on her head.

I have seen roses damasked, red and white,

But no such roses see I in her cheeks;

And in some perfumes is there more delight

Than in the breath that from my mistress reeks.

I love to hear her speak, yet well I know

That music hath a far more pleasing sound:

I grant I never saw a goddess go,

My mistress, when she walks, treads on the ground:

And yet by heaven, I think my love as rare,

As any she belied with false compare.

My mistress'eyesarenothing like the sun;

Coral is farmore red, than her lipsred:

Ifsnowbewhite, why then herbreastsaredun;

If hairs be wires, black wires grow on her head.

I have seen roses damasked, red and white,

Butno such roses see Iin her cheeks;

And in some perfumes is there more delight

Than in thebreaththat from my mistressreeks.

I love to hear her speak, yet well I know

Thatmusichath a farmore pleasingsound:

I grant Inever saw a goddessgo,

My mistress, when she walks,treads on the ground:

And yet by heaven, I thinkmy love as rare,

As any she belied with false compare.

sonnet 13010
Sonnet 130

My mistress' eyes are nothing like the sun;

Coral is far more red, than her lips red:

If snow be white, why then her breasts are dun;

If hairs be wires, black wires grow on her head.

I have seen roses damasked, red and white,

But no such roses see I in her cheeks;

And in some perfumes is there more delight

Than in the breath that from my mistress reeks.

I love to hear her speak, yet well I know

That music hath a far more pleasing sound:

I grant I never saw a goddess go,

My mistress, when she walks, treads on the ground:

And yet by heaven, I think my love as rare,

As any she belied with false compare.

iambic pentameter
Iambic Pentameter
  • iamb: A “soft” beat followed by a “loud” beat:
    • daDA daDA daDA daDA
    • One “daDA” = one “foot”
  • pentameter
    • penta = 5
    • meter = how many iambs (aka “feet”) per line
  • iambic pentameter = 5 iambs in each line(softLOUD softLOUD softLOUD softLOUD softLOUD):

myMIstress' EYESareNOthing LIKEtheSUN

myMI stress'EYESareNO thingLIKEtheSUN

sonnet 29
Sonnet 29

When in disgrace with fortune and men's eyes

I all alone beweep my outcast state,

And trouble deaf heaven with my bootless cries,

And look upon myself, and curse my fate,

Wishing me like to one more rich in hope,

Featured like him, like him with friends possessed,

Desiring this man's art, and that man's scope,

With what I most enjoy contented least;

Yet in these thoughts my self almost despising,

Haply I think on thee, and then my state,

Like to the lark at break of day arising

From sullen earth, sings hymns at heaven's gate;

For thy sweet love remembered such wealth brings

That then I scorn to change my state with kings.

now write your own sonnet
Now, write your own sonnet!

Remember:

  • 14 Lines
  • Rhyme scheme: ABAB CDCD EFEF GG
  • It’s about LOVE!
  • Forget about the whole iambic pentameter thing—that’s for the professionals (and people who maybe want a little extra credit).