Rome. . . Grew between 700 BC and AD\'s 100Population of over one millionA republic- run by elected leadersOver time, control put in hands of individuals - emperors. Cesar Augustus. Rome\'s first emperorSet powers that later leaders would use:Declare warRaise taxesPunish lawbreakersNominate public officialsLead religious festivalsInfluence the Senate, elected council that ruled Rome.