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ART of the 1500-1600s the door opens to the Baroque Mannerism replaces Classic perfection PowerPoint Presentation
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ART of the 1500-1600s the door opens to the Baroque Mannerism replaces Classic perfection

ART of the 1500-1600s the door opens to the Baroque Mannerism replaces Classic perfection

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ART of the 1500-1600s the door opens to the Baroque Mannerism replaces Classic perfection

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  1. ART of the 1500-1600s • the door opens • to the Baroque • Mannerism replaces Classic perfection • Counter-Reformation in Italy and Spain • Louis XIV in France • Mannerism (1530-90) bridges the stability and classicism of the Renaissance with the restlessness and drama of the Baroque • Rome sacked by Spain in 1527 • Spain and Italy become centers of • Counter Reformation • An international court culture develops, centered in France with Louis XIV; • great artists and musicians are shared, • creating grand and impressive works for • aristocracy Zaccari, Rome, entrance portal, 1593

  2. Mannerism….how can you beat Renaissance perfection??? The Martyrdom of St. Maurice And the Theban Legion, El Greco, 1581-84 Jesus over paganism • Crowd the composition • Tilt the planes • Elongate the bodies Tintoretto, Last Supper, 1592

  3. Mannerism (1530-90) • a stylistic period between High Renaissance and Baroque • something that is affected or exaggerated • younger painters had to live up to legends of Michelangelo, da Vinci, Raphael and knew they couldn’t improve on the past • Painters, therefore, painted “in the manner of” the great artists Parmigianino (1503-1540) • Madonna with the Long Neck, 1534-40 • oil on wood • exaggerated proportions • meaningless objects in background • tiny St. Jerome, an aesthetic and scholar

  4. Counter Reformation/ • Italy, Spain (1534-1670) • Themes switch from Renaissance pagan/myth to Baroque religious drama • Artists, encouraged by the Catholic church, appeal to the common man by making the bible “real”; biblical figures in modern clothes expressing the drama of everyday life • Churches are spacious and light; religion is to be experienced through the senses • (Jesuit meditations on the torments of the senses to experience hell) • Major Counter-Reformation countries— • Italy, Spain, Austria, France Religious transformation--- Caravaggio, The Conversion of St. Paul, 1601

  5. Counter Reformation Caravaggio 1571-1610 Caravaggio’s David drama--art as a stage--active lines, diagonalplanes Medusa Painting on a shield c. 1600 Calling of St. Matthew c. 1597 TENEBRISM

  6. Counter Reformation Artemisia Gentileschi (1593-1653) Judith and servant with head of Holofernes Judith Slaying Holofernes, two versions The calmer Judith on the right is thought to have had her tense facial lines removed during a painting restoration c. 1620

  7. Spanish Baroque Diego Velazquez 1599-1660 Spanish court painter A new realism, brush-stroke impressions, as the eye naturally would see it Water Carrier of Seville, 1619 Caravaggio-esque, but cool and detached Las Meninas, 1656 Paints in his own cross when becoming a knight

  8. Italian Baroque Gian Lorenzo Bernini 1598-1680 David, 1623-24 Floating marble Apollo and Daphne, 1622-25 St. Teresa in Ecstasy, 1645