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Absolutism. Time: 16th through the 18th centuriesPlace: Western Europe and RussiaWhat: Many rulers used divine right to claim rule over their empire(s). How: most rulers during this time reigned under an absolute monarchy. That is, these rulers were involved in every part of their government/economics/culture/religion..
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1. Absolutism Essential Questions:
How did absolute monarchs centralize power in government and thereby control the religion, culture and economics of Europe?
2. Absolutism Time: 16th through the 18th centuries
Place: Western Europe and Russia
What: Many rulers used divine right to claim rule over their empire(s).
How: most rulers during this time reigned under an absolute monarchy. That is, these rulers were involved in every part of their government/economics/culture/religion.
3. Spanish Absolutism Starts with Charles I
A Hapsburg King
Also rules the Holy Roman Empire, Netherlands , and America
Conquests by Cortes and Pissaro
Spain gains immense power and influence
4. Phillip II of Spain Ruler of Spain during their golden years.
Don Quixote is written
Spain becomes the most powerful nation during his reign (1556-1598)
6. Government tactics Expanded Spanish armada to over 150 ships
Battle of Lepanto (1571)
Fought in several wars
Spanish Armada defeat
Appointed family to Royal jobs
Created a new royal palace (1584)
7. Spanish Inquisition Part of the Counter-Reformation
Attacks Protestants, Muslims, Jews and Homosexuals
8. Economy under Philip II Used money from exploration to pay for most of his programs
Debt of 36 million ducats
Inflation and debt causes a decline in power and wealth
9. France and Absolutism France emerged after Spain as the next great power of absolutism.
Started over conflict.
Huguenots versus Catholics
Henry IV offered the Edict of Nantes
Created Religious tolerance towards Huguenots
The main absolutist in France was Louis XIV.
10. King Louis XIV: Sun King King of France from 1661-1715
I am the State
Strengthened royal power immensely
Built Versailles to keep the Estates General (Congress) happy and out of his way.
12. Versailles Gardens
13. Versailles Mall
14. Versailles Gardens
15. Versailles Gardens
16. Versailles Gardens
17. Hall of Mirrors
18. Louis Chapel
19. Louis XIV Foreign Policy
Fought several wars, including the War of Spanish Succession and others against England and the Netherlands
Had the largest army in Europe at 300,000 soldiers
20. Religion under Louis XIV Persecuted the Huguenots
Repealed the Edict of Nantes in 1685
More than 200,000 fled
Why is this a bad move for Louis?
21. Economics under Louis Mercantilism
Export more than a country imports
Taxes and tolls
Over 100 tolls within France
Placed high Tariffs on imported goods
Huge taxes on the middle class
Cost of Versailles:
10% of total income to maintain
44. What are the benefits of Absolutism? Who benefits?
What are the problems with Absolutism?
45. A Breach to absolutism Englands Parliament held much power.
Queen Elizabeth was able to coerce parliament on many issues
Charles I- acted as a complete absolutist monarch
Refused to sign the Petition of Right
Led troops into the House of Commons to arrest
46. A breach to Absolutism The English Civil War.
Cavaliers (supporters of Charles I)
Roundheads (led by Oliver Cromwell)
Charles I is executed
A republic led by Cromwell
Puritan laws and power
47. The Glorious Revolution
English Bill of Rights
48. Absolutism in Central and Eastern Europe The Thirty Years War
Peter the Great
Search for a warm water port
Westernization of Russia