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Conflict and Cohesion

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  1. Conflict and Cohesion By: Ji Hyeon Choi Jihye Han Evelyn Lu

  2. Bullying: Summary of“Bullying among sixth graders a daily occurrence” • Over half of the six graders in two public schools in Los Angeles were bullied at least once in the five-day observation period • Children were emotionally wounded when they were bullied • The percentage of children who has either seen someone gettingbullied or gotten bullied is 66% at one school, and 47% at another • Children get hurt by being witnesses too because they don't like it when they see their peers getting picked on Wolpert, S. (2005, March). Bullying among sixth graders a daily occurrence, UCLA study finds. AScribe Health News Service. Retrieved April 18, 2005, from Gale Expanded ASAP Academic Database. Evelyn Lu

  3. Psychology –disturbance in children's mental development when bullied Sociology – evidence of how children treat one another in school Bullying - occurring in elementary schools Socialization - children socialize with bullies under socialization Bullying: Justification of“Bullying among sixth graders a daily occurrence” Bullying. (2005). [Online photograph]. Retrieved June 8, 2005, from http://www.childline.org.uk/images%5Chelpandadvice-bullying.jpg Evelyn Lu

  4. Classism: Summary of“Down and out in discount America” • Wal-mart accused of: • Targeting low class • Creating poverty • Threatening union workers • Violating overtime laws • 2003, welfare scam exposed by Lieber • 2004, bill to reimburse government revoked in California Featherstone, L. (2005, March 1). Down and out in discount America. Nation. Retrieved April 16, 2005, from http://www.ebsco.com/ Jihye Han

  5. Classism: Justification of“Down and out in discount America” • Promotes Social inequality • Discriminates against pro-union workers • Takes advantage of poor - classism Wal-Mart. (2005). [Online photograph]. Retrieved June 8, 2005, from http://www.realestategates.com/Files/Content/wm_adc8907263458683/wal-mart-logo1.gif Jihye Han

  6. Genocide: Summary of“Waiting for the denial to end” • In 1915-1918, 1.5 million of 2.5 million Armenians living in Turkey exterminated Shehori, D. (2005, April 16). Waiting for the denial to end. Haaretz. Retrieved April 16, 2005, from http://www.haaretz.com Ji Hyeon Choi

  7. Genocide: Justification of “Waiting for the denial to end” • Racism - discrimination against Armenians • Stages of Prejudice - extermination • Genocide • Ingroup - Turks • Outgroup - Armenians Armenian genocide. (2005). [Online photograph]. Retrieved June 8, 2005, from http://www.unitedhumanrights.org/Genocide/armenian_genocide.htm Ji Hyeon Choi

  8. Bullying: Overview of “Observation of aggressive and non-aggressive children” • Objective: • To observe children for patterns of aggressive behaviour in the playgrounds and in the classroom. • Find a relationship between the bullies and the victims. • Method: • During the four year observation period, they installed a videocamera to observe classroom behaviour • Conclusion: • Kids are more likely to show signs of aggression at grade 4-5 • Most aggression were shown verbally • Both boys and girls bully Pepler D. J., Craig, W.M., Roberts, W. L. (1998, Jan.). Observations of aggressive and non-aggressive children on the school playground. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly 44, 55-76. Retrieved Apr. 19, 2005, from Gale Expanded ASAP Academic Database. Evelyn Lu

  9. Bullying: Justification of “Observation of aggressive and non-aggressive children” • Bullying starts at a young age • Both genders bully Bullying in Playground. (2005). [Online photograph]. Retrieved June 8, 2005, from http://www.bbc.co.uk/radio4/womanshour/media/bullying.jpg Evelyn Lu

  10. Classism: Overview of“Boys of class, boys of color” • Objective: • To observe and contrast the experiences of students from different backgrounds • Method: • Hour-long interviews with students about personal views on the school. • Conclusion: • Clear social hierarchies • Hidden curriculum Kuriloff, P. J. & Reichert M. C. (). Boys of class, boys of colour: negotiating the academic and social geography of an elite independent school. Journal of Social Issues, 59, 751-770. Retrieved April 29, 2005, from Gale Expanded ASAP Academic Database. Jihye Han

  11. Classism: Justification of“Boys of class, boys of color” • Social Inequality within the school • Discrimination • Racism • Classism • Hidden curriculum The Haverford School. (2005). [Online photograph]. Retrieved June 8, 2005, from http://www.signstudios.com/galleries/schools/Haverford%20School.jpg Jihye Han

  12. Genocide: Overview of“Genocidal chaos and world Response to mass murder” • Objective • To explain the increasing intolerance against genocide by the international community • Method • Analyzation of East Timor case in 1975 and 1999. • Conclusion • Variation in support levels, based upon issue and quality of political leadership • Media generates support for interventions. • Centrality of policymaking by policymakers executives. • Growth of non-governmental organizations Jackson, M.G. (2001, Mar.). Something must be done? Genocidal chaos and world Response to mass murder in East Timor between 1975 and 1999. International Journal of Politics and Ethics, 1, 4-72. Retrieved Apr. 29, 2004, from Gale Expanded ASAP Academic Database. Ji Hyeon Choi

  13. Genocide: Justification of“Genocidal chaos and world Response to mass murder” • Response to genocide • Prevention of extermination • Conformity • Socializing agent – media Remains of Rwanda genocide. (2005). [Online photograph]. Retrieved June 8, 2005, from http://news.bbc.co.uk/olmedia/1095000/images/_1096840_rwanda150.jpg Ji Hyeon Choi

  14. Lack of awareness Higher classes more classist Classism is pervasive - present in everyday life Classism tends to be justified by materialistic values Hypothesis of SurveyBased on Classism

  15. Question #5: Marks awarded for school projects relates to the amount of money spent into it

  16. Question #11: Feelings about privatization of health care

  17. Conclusion of SurveyBased on Classism • Lack of awareness • Agreement that landlords can block poor renters • No change in opinion though illegal • Higher classes more classist • In favour to privatization of health care • Denies relationship between money and marks

  18. Works Cited List Articles • Featherstone, L. (2005, March). Down and out in discount America. Nation. Retrieved April 16, 2005, from http://www.ebsco.com/ • Shehori, D. (2005, April 16). Waiting for the denial to end. Haaretz. Retrieved April 16, 2005, from http://www.haaretz.com • Wolpert, S. (2005, March). Bullying among sixth graders a daily occurrence, UCLA study finds. AScribe Health News Service. Retrieved April 18, 2005, from Gale Expanded ASAP Academic Database. Journals • Pepler D. J., Craig, W.M., Roberts, W. L. (1998, Jan.). Observations of aggressive and non- aggressive children on the school playground. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly 44,55-76. Retrieved Apr. 19, 2005, from Gale Expanded ASAP Academic Database. • Jackson, M.G. (2001, Mar.). Something must be done? Genocidal chaos and world Response to mass murder in East Timor between 1975 and 1999. International Journal of Polictics and Ethics, 1, 4-72. Retrieved Apr. 29, 2004, from Gale Expanded ASAP Academic Database. • Kuriloff, P. J. & Reichert M. C. (2000, Dec.). Boys of class, boys of colour: negotiating the academic and social geography of an elite independent school. Journal of Social Issues, 59, 751-770. Retrieved April 29, 2005, from Gale Expanded ASAP Academic Database.

  19. Works Cited List Images • Armenian genocide. (2005). [Online photograph]. Retrieved June 8, 2005, from http://www.unitedhumanrights.org/Genocide/armenian_genocide.htm • Bullying. (2005). [Online photograph]. Retrieved June 8, 2005, from http://www.childline.org.uk/images%5Chelpanadvice-bullying.jpg • Bullying in Playground. (2005). [Online photograph]. Retrieved June 8, 2005, from http://www.bbc.co.uk/radio4/womanshour/media/bullying.jpg • Remains of Rwanda genocide. (2005). [Online photograph]. Retrieved June 8, 2005, from http://news.bbc.co.uk/olmedia/1095000/images/_1096840_rwanda150.jpg • The Haverford School. (2005). [Online photograph] Retrieved June 8, 2005, from http://www.signstudios.com/galleries/schools/Haverford%20School.jpg • Wal-Mart. (2005). [Online photograph]. Retrieved June 8, 2005, from http://www.realestategates.com/Files/Content/wm_adc8907263458683/wal-mart-logo1.gif

  20. Questions • Why do you think teachers often overlook bullying? • What do you think Wal-Mart's policies of low wages are promoting? • Why do you think people make a big deal about whether the massacre is a genocide or not?

  21. The End