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Asia and the Pacific . Physical Geography Chapters 1-3. Chapter 1: East Asia Section 1: Land and Water. Himalayas. Mt. Everest. Huang. Chang. Mountains. Rivers. Mount Fuji. Plateaus. East Asia’s Landforms. Narrow Plains. Highlands. Plateau of Tibet. Wide Plains. Desert.

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asia and the pacific
Asia and the Pacific

Physical GeographyChapters 1-3

chapter 1 east asia section 1 land and water
Chapter 1: East AsiaSection 1: Land and Water
  • Himalayas
  • Mt. Everest
  • Huang
  • Chang
  • Mountains
  • Rivers
  • Mount Fuji
  • Plateaus
  • East Asia’s Landforms
  • Narrow Plains
  • Highlands
  • Plateau of Tibet
  • Wide Plains
  • Desert
  • North China Plains
  • Gobi
section 3 natural resources and land use
Section 3: Natural Resources and Land Use
  • What are East Asia’s natural resources?
  • How is the land used to produce food?
  • Coal and iron are plentiful in North Korea.
  • South Korea has some tungsten and graphite.
  • China has copper, tin and iron.
  • China’s coal deposits are its most important mineral resource.
  • China has oil deposits
  • Flowing water is used to produce electricity.
  • Ocean and inland waters are an important source of food.
  • Every bit of available land is farmed to feed its large population.
  • Terraces are cut into steep hillsides to grow crops.
  • Even the sides of roads and railways are used for planting.
  • Farmers in China often plant one crop between the rows of another crop.
  • Farmers use double cropping to grow two or three crops on the same land during a year.
chapter 2
Chapter 2

South, Southwest, and Central Asia: Physical Geography

section 3 central asia
Section 3: Central Asia
  • Physical Geography of Central Asia
  • Land
  • Climate
  • Natural Resources
  • Physical features include highlands, deserts, and steppes
  • Tien Shan and Pamir mountain ranges are in southeastern area of Central Asia
  • Tien Shan range extends into China
  • Pamir range extends into Afghanistan to meet the Hindu Kush mountains
  • Kara Kum desert covers much of Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan
  • The Kirghiz Steppe is located in Kazakhstan
  • Most of Central Asia has a dry climate
  • A band of semiarid land surrounds the arid climate that covers much of the interior
  • The arid areas of Central Asia receive less precipitation than the semiarid areas.
  • Petroleum and natural gas are major natural resources
  • Kazahstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan all have large oil and gas reserves
  • Kazahstan is a large exporter of coal
  • Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan are important gold producers
  • Copper, iron ore, lead, and uranium are found in the region.
  • Caspian Sea is a salt lake the largest lake in the world, and has large oil reserves
  • Much of the land in Central Asia is used for agriculture, especially raising livestock and commercial farming
chapter 3
Chapter 3

Southeast Asia and the Pacific Region: Physical Geography

section 1 southeast asia
Section 1: Southeast Asia
  • Monsoons and typhoons
  • Many people depend on subsistence or commercial farming
  • Rice is a major cash crop and a food crop
  • Tropical rain forests once covered nearly all of Southeast Asia
  • Need to balance economic growth and preserve rain forests
  • Bamboo serves as an important resource for building and other uses.
  • Rich in minerals, oil, and natural gas
  • Mainland Southeast Asia
  • Much of the area is covered by forested mountains
  • Most people live in the narrow river valleys between mountain ranges
  • Has several different climates — tropical wet, tropical wet and dry, humid subtropical
  • Island Southeast Asia
  • Part of Ring of Fire — region of volcanoes and earthquakes surrounding the Pacific Ocean
  • Mostly tropical wet climate
section 3 pacific islands
Section 3: Pacific Islands
  • Most people
  • “black islands”
  • Located north of Equator
  • “small islands”
  • Melanesia
  • Micronesia
  • High islands
  • low islands
  • Pacific Islands
  • Polynesia
  • High and low islands
  • “many islands”
  • Includes Hawaii
  • largest island group
chapter 1 topics to know
Chapter 1 Topics to Know
  • Key Terms: plateau, fertile, archipelago, population density, monsoon, typhoon, deciduous, developing country, developed country, terrace, double-cropping
  • What country takes up most of the territory of East Asia?
  • How is the climate described in most of East Asia?
  • Rivers – The Chang and Huang
  • The North China Plain
  • What is a strong influence on the climates of East Asia?
  • Main foods (Northern China & Southern China)
  • Natural Resources
chapter 2 topics to know
Chapter 2 Topics to Know
  • Key Terms: (subcontinent, alluvial, cash crop, oasis, petroleum, nonrenewable resource, standard of living, steppe)
  • Himalayas – formation, weather, etc
  • Largest country in Central Asia
  • Tigris and Euphrates Rivers
  • Most important factor in determining the climate of South Asia
  • Largest oil producing region
  • Physical features of Central Asia
  • South Asian cash crops
  • Bodies of water that border Southwest Asia
  • Major crop of Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, and Tajikistan
chapter 3 topics to know
Chapter 3 Topics to Know
  • Key Terms (subsistence farming, commercial farming, paddy, geyser, fiord, marsupial, tectonic plate, high island, low island, atoll, coral)
  • Number of islands and 3 main groups
  • High and low islands
  • Cash crops
  • Ring of Fire
  • Rain forests
  • Mainland Southeast Asian countries
  • Southeast Asia climate
  • Plant & animal life in Australia and New Zealand
  • Canterbury Plain
  • Most important resource in the Pacific island
possible essay short answer questions
Possible Essay/Short Answer Questions
  • Chapter 1: If North and South Korea could get along and were willing to share, how do you think both countries would benefit?
  • Chapter 2: What is one problem that can be caused when a country’s economy depends too much on a single cash crop?
  • Chapter 3: How has the fact that most of Melanesia’s large islands are high islands affected the size of its population?
other study tips
Other Study Tips!
  • Be sure to study your packets from chapters 2 and 3.
  • Don’t forget about the graphic organizers in chapter 1.

Good Luck