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Today’s Title: Unit 7 Test Review Do Now. Everyone is afraid of something-heights, spiders, or flying, just to mention a few. What do you fear the most? Why?. Today’s Agenda!!. Review for Unit Seven Test!! Work on Research Paper Outline Homework!!.

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    1. Today’s Title:Unit 7 Test Review Do Now Everyone is afraid of something-heights, spiders, or flying, just to mention a few. What do you fear the most? Why?

    2. Today’s Agenda!! • Review for Unit Seven Test!! • Work on Research Paper Outline • Homework!!

    3. The standards/lessons you need to know!! • The following lessons are going to be on your test: • Multiple step instructions to fill out an application • Structural features of text • Context clues • Outlines and summaries • Colons, semicolons, and comma/conjunctions • Writing consistency • Make an Assertion Write this down in your notes and highlight it!!

    4. Expository Unit!! • Unit seven is our expository unit. • Remember, expository texts: • …Gives facts. • …Explains. • …Gives steps in a process. • …Presents ideas in logical order or correct sequence.

    5. Following Multiple Step Instructionsto fill out an application • What is an application again?? • Applications are written or spoken requests for employment, admission, help, funds, etc. • Some examples of applications you may have to fill out are: • Library card, sports club, club membership, bank savings account, jobs, and colleges

    6. How do we fill out applications?? • 1.) Read all the requirements and instructions completely before starting to follow them. • 2.) Look for clues such as bold type or capital letters that point out specific sections or important information. • 3.) Follow each step in the exact order given. • 4.) Do not skip any steps. • ***Although during a test, you most likely will not have to fill anything out, it is important to know the steps, so when you are asked comprehension questions about the application, you will be ready!!

    7. Let’s look at an example…

    8. Identify the structural features of text • What in the world are structural features?? • Structural features of text simply refers to various ways of placing text to draw attention to or emphasize certain points or ideas. These typically help the reader understand more about the text. • Structural features can be found in: Magazines, newspapers, television, and internet/websites, etc. • What are some examples?? • Title, illustration, diagrams, captions, photos, author, table of content, footnotes, indexes, and citations.

    9. Let’s look at an Example…

    10. Context Clues • What are context clues?? • The CONTEXT of a word means the group of words—the sentence or passage—that surrounds it. • When you come across a word that has an unknown meaning to you, look at the words around it and they will help you identify the meaning of the unknown word.

    11. How do we use context clues again?? • 1.) Read the sentence carefully and focus on the overall meaning. • 2.) Look for clues in nearby words. • 3.) Guess the meaning of the unfamiliar word. • 4.) Reread the sentence and see whether your guess seems to fit. • 5.) Check your guess in a dictionary, if possible.

    12. Let’s try a few examples… • I put my clean shirts and socks in the bureau by the bed. • A.) box • B.) closet • C.) laundry basket • D.) drawers • Correct answer: D.) drawers • You wouldn’t put socks in a closet, and a box is too general. A laundry basket is not used to put clothes away.

    13. After a hard day of destruction, the construction site is covered with a variety of debris. • A.) people and children • B.) wood and bushes • C.) remains and trash • D.) glass and doors • Correct answer: C.) remains and trash • A construction site is used to build buildings, or in this case, destroy them. At the end of a day, there would be trash all over.

    14. We are going to have to run a recirculation of today’s newspaper. It only went around half of the city, so we will have to do it again. • A.) Campaign • B.) Another distribution, another circling around • C.) New cover story • D.) Marathon • Correct answer: B.) Another distribution • If they have to do it again, they will have to distribute it again.

    15. Outlines and Summaries • Remember, an outline is used to organize writing. • It usually has a similar structure to the following: • I. Main idea #1 • Supporting Detail • Supporting Detail • II. Main idea #2 • Supporting Detail • Supporting Detail • III. Main idea #3 • Supporting Detail • Supporting Detail • Each supporting detail refers to the main idea that it is under. Similar ideas are grouped together.

    16. Outlines and Summaries continued… • A summary is a shortened version of an original text. • Summarizing is telling the important events or ideas in a story in your own words. • A good summary gives only the most important events or ideas in a story. • A good summary does not give your ideas or opinions. • It should give someone who has not read the original a clear and accurate overview of the text.

    17. Example!! • Which of the following is missing from the outline?? • I. John Steinbeck’s childhood • He was born February 27, 1902 • He lived in Salinas, California • ____________________________ • He was often made fun of by his peers • A.) He was married three times • B.) On his summer breaks from school, he used to spend his time helping the migrant workers • C.) His first book was Cup of Gold • D.) He died from a heart disease This is the only one that has to do with his childhood

    18. Summary Example!! • I want you to take 5 minutes to summarize the main points from our class novel. I will have volunteers to read their summaries. • Remember, you should include the setting, the main characters, the problem and the resolution. • It should give someone who has not read the original a clear and accurate overview of the text.

    19. Colons, semicolons, and comma/conjunctions • What is the only rule we have to know for colons?? • Right!! They come after the salutation of a business letter. • Examples: • Dear Mr. Gomez: • To Whom It May Concern: • What are semicolons?? • A semicolon is used to mark a pause in a sentence for which a comma is not strong enough. • Both parts before and after the ; must be COMPLETE SENTENCES with a subject and verb. • You must have an independent clause on each side of the semicolon. • Example: I worked all day Saturday; I rewarded myself by going shopping on Sunday. When you combine two independent clauses, YOU DO NOT NEED A CONJUNCTION OR COMMA!!

    20. Semicolons Continued… • Semicolons are also used with words such as: therefore, however, as a result, consequently, and nonetheless. • You must remember the order!! • Semicolon, word, comma. • Ex: I studied hard for 30 days straight; consequently, I received all A’s on my report card.

    21. Which ones are correct?? Dependent clause • When I went to the store; I forgot to bring my wallet. • The sharks in the ocean are dangerous; they have hurt twenty people so far. • I thought about going to the beach yesterday; however, I knew I needed to study for my test. • John needed to buy his sister a birthday present; but, he forgot to go to the mall!! • Country is the best music ever; the songwriters really know what they are doing. Conjunction

    22. Writing Consistency • Writing, whether it is one paragraph or a whole paper, has to flow. All the ideas must go together and transition from one idea to the next. • In a consistent paragraph, each sentence relates clearly to the topic sentence or controlling idea, but there is more to consistence than this. • Your ideas need to be consistent within the paragraph, as well as between paragraphs.

    23. Example • In the following paragraph, can you identify which sentence DOES NOT BELONG?? In six weeks, your fee for the Spring Break ski trip is due. How can you raise the money? Both pet sitting and baby sitting can be fun ways to earn extra money. You don’t want to miss the ski trip! However, the two jobs require different skills and schedules. This sentence does not belong in the middle of the two sentences about ways to earn money. It is not consistent here!!

    24. Make an Assertion • Readers can believe a piece of writing is true IF it is backed up by accurate citations that SUPPORT facts in the text. • In order to make a good statement based on a citation, there are three easy steps: • 1.) Decide what the author’s assertion is. (What is his/her main point). • 2.) Find citations in the passage that support the assertion. (The evidence, or supporting details). • 3.) Decide if the citations are from a reliable source (example: a friend making a statement versus a statement from a newspaper)

    25. Example Author’s assertion (1) Many people believe that dogs are better pets than cats. (2) I have had my dog for 12 years, and I absolutely love her. (3) My brother even said, “Dogs are cleaner, friendlier, and cuter than cats.” (4) A New York veterinarian did a study of 100 people, and she said that “65% of people think dogs are better than cats.” (5) Additionally, a survey went out in the Los Angeles Times, which showed that “Out of 200 people polled, 82% prefer to have dogs as pets.” (6) With all of this evidence, we can clearly see that people like dogs more than cats. • 1.) Identify the author’s assertion. • 2.) Which citation is NOT reliable? • 3.) Which citations are reliable? Unreliable source Reliable sources

    26. These are all of the standards that will be on your test!! • There is a lot of information, so MAKE SURE YOU STUDY!! 

    27. Outline Work!! • You are going to have the rest of class to work on your outline for the research paper. • You learned how to do this on Friday. Please use your notes and your research graphic organizer to help you. • You need to work on your own. Please do not talk during this, so that everyone can concentrate. • If you have any questions, raise your hand!!

    28. Homework!! • Unit Seven Test on Friday!! • STUDY!!!!!!!!