introduction to islam n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Introduction to Islam PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Introduction to Islam

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 33

Introduction to Islam - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

OPSGP-D. BCTP. BATTLE COMMAND TRAINING PROGRAM ... Ops Grp Delta. Introduction to Islam. Islam. MODULE 9. In the Name of God The Most Gracious the Most merciful. Agenda. Overview of Islam. Five pillars of Islam. Religious considerations. Islam in relationship to …

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

Introduction to Islam

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
introduction to islam




Introduction to Islam



In the Name of God

The Most Gracious the Most merciful

  • Overview of Islam.
  • Five pillars of Islam.
  • Religious considerations.
  • Islam in relationship to …
  • Sunni and Shia sects.
what is islam
What is Islam?
  • Islam means submission. It is an Arabic word derived from the word meaning peace. In a religious context Islam means complete and peaceful submission to will of Almighty God.
who are muslims
Who are Muslims?
  • Individuals who completely and peacefully submits to will of God, believes in the Articles of Faith and practices the Five Pillars of Islam.
  • Majority of the Muslims are in Asia (Bangladesh, India, Indonesia and Pakistan).
  • Arabs represent only 20% of the Muslim population.
who is god in islam
Who is God in Islam?

Say: He is God, the One and Only; God, the Eternal, Absolute; He begets not, nor is He begotten; And there is none like unto Him.

Qur’an 112 : Verses 1-4

who is prophet muhammad peace be upon him
Who is Prophet Muhammad?(peace be upon him)
  • Born in Makkah (Mecca) in the year 570 (CE).
  • Received his first revelation at the age of forty while engaged in a meditative retreat from God through Angel Gabriel. The revelations continued for twenty-three years, and they are collectively known as the Qur’an.
qur an
  • The Qur’an is the a record of exact words of God revealed to Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) in Arabic through Angel Gabriel. This revelation came in phases and continued for twenty-three years.
  • Qur’an is the primary source of Islamic guidance.
  • Sunnah, the practices, examples and saying of the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) is the explanation, classification and amplification of Qur’an.
  • Sunnah is the another source Islamic guidance.
  • Illustrates Islamic faith in practice.
  • Made up of hundreds of texts known as “Hadiths” (traditions).
holy sites in islam
Holy Sites in Islam
  • Ka’ba - located in Makkah (Mecca) is the most sacred site in Islam. Muslims prays five times a day facing toward Ka’ba.
  • Jerusalem - third holiest site from where Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) ascended to heaven to meet God, the Almighty.
  • Medina - second holiest site in Islam where Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) is buried.
articles of faith
Articles of Faith
  • Belief in Oneness of God.
  • Belief in Angels created by God.
  • Belief in the Revealed Books of God.
  • Belief in the Messengers and Prophets.
  • Belief in the Day of Judgment.
  • Belief in Divine Predestination.
the five pillars of islam
The Five Pillars of Islam
  • Islam is built on five pillars, the first of which is a state of faith. The other four are major exercises of faith of which some are daily, some weekly, some monthly, some annually and some are required as a minimum once in a lifetime.
    • Witnessing (SHAHADA).
    • Prayer (SALAH).
    • Obligatory Charity (ZAKAH).
    • Fasting (SAWM).
    • The Pilgrimage (HAJJ).
the five pillars of islam1
Declaration of Faith (Shahadah):

“There is no deity worthy of worship but God and Muhammad is His Messenger.”

An individual becomes Muslim with this declaration and no other rituals are necessary.

The Five Pillars of Islam
the five pillars of islam2
Prayer (Salah): Islamic Prayer.

Five times a day-as per prayer schedule.

Purification (ablution or bath).

Call to prayer – adhan.

Intention of praying facing Ka’ba.

Recitation of Qur’anic verses in Arabic.

Bowing and prostration while praising God.

Send peace and blessing to Prophet Muhammad, Abraham (pbuh) and their families such as Jews, Christian and Muslims.

The Five Pillars of Islam
the five pillars of islam3
Purification of Wealth (Zakah): Alms giving.

Obligatory on every financially able Muslim once in every year.

Two and half percent of savings including jewelry.

Payable to the needy which may include your own families and spouse.

The Five Pillars of Islam
the five pillars of islam4
Fasting (Sa’wm): Ramadan.

29-30 days a year in the ninth month of Lunar calendar.

Fasting is from dawn (one and half hour before sunrise) until sundown.

Abstention from food, drink, and sexual relations.

Religious boot camp for Muslims.

Qur’an was revealed during Ramadan.

The Five Pillars of Islam
the five pillars of islam5
Pilgrimage (Hajj):

Once in a lifetime for financially and physically able Muslims.

Ninth day of the last month of the Lunar calendar.

Performed at Makkah, Mina and Arafat in Saudi Arabia only.

Usually it is a ten day ritual but takes longer with travel time.

Tenth day is Feast of Sacrifice - Eid Al-Adha.

The Five Pillars of Islam
islamic diet
Islamic Diet
  • Halal - Lawful: Most food and drink are lawful unless specifically forbidden in the Qur’an or Sunnah.
  • Haram - Unlawful: Pork and pork products, alcoholic beverages, non-medicinal drug, blood, meat of dead animals/birds (no roadkill).
  • Makrooh - Discouraged: Any food, liquid, or smoking substance which is harmful to body--physically, mentally or spiritually such as harmful stimulants and/or depressants, substances which cause drug dependency, and smoking substances.
us military and religious diet
US Military and Religious Diet
  • Several faith groups in the military have special dietary requirements (Buddhist, Hindu, Islam, Judaism, Seventh Day Adventist, etc.).
  • Kosher/Halal MREs are available through supply system.
  • COMRATS are authorized for those who request in order to maintain their religious dietary obligation (SECNAV INST 1730.8A).
zanaza islamic mortuary affairs
Zanaza - Islamic Mortuary Affairs
  • Body-Washing or Ghusl (gender sensitive).
  • Wrapping for Burial – Kafan.
  • Prayer - Performed standing by male Muslims.
  • Funeral - Procession in silence by male Muslims.
  • Burial - Within 24 hours or as soon as possible.
  • No cremation.
  • No embalming.
  • No autopsy unless required for legal investigation.
medical treatment for muslims
Medical Treatment for Muslims
  • Saving life takes precedence over everything else.
  • Assisted suicide is not permitted.
  • Blood transfusions are permitted.
  • Avoid medicine with alcohol and pork ingredients unless there is no substitute.
  • Be gender sensitive (male-male/female-female).
  • Consult family members before treatment under normal circumstances.
islam and culture
Islam and Culture
  • Islam as religion transcends cultural boundaries.
  • Culture is secondary to the religion of Islam but it is very important geographically.
  • There is no nationalism in Islam but patriotism exists.
war in islam
War in Islam
  • Like Christianity and Judaism, Islam permits fighting in self defense, against oppressions and for freedom of religion.
  • “Fight in the cause of God against those those who fight you, but do not transgress limits. God does not love transgressors (Qur’an 2:190).”
  • “If they seek peace, then you seek peace. And trust in God for He is the One that hears and knows all things (Qur’an 8:61).”
jihad in islam
Jihad in Islam
  • Jihad is an Arabic word. It literally means “exertion” and/or “struggle”. The term holy war not found anywhere in the Holy Qur’an.
  • War = inevitable lesser evil, not holy (Qur’an 2:26).
  • Individually: self purification (Qur’an 29:6).
  • Socially: charity and sharing truth (Qur’an 49:15).
  • Battlefield: defense and liberation (Qur’an 60:8-9).
christianity judaism and islam
Christianity, Judaism and Islam
  • Christians, Jews and Muslims all trace their religion to the Prophet Abraham. Israelites are the descendant of Isaac and Arabs are the descendant of Ishmael (peace be upon them).
  • Say (O Muslims), “We believe in God, and the revelation given to us, and to Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob, and the Tribes, and that given to Moses and Jesus, and that given to (all) Prophets from their Lord: we make no difference between one and another of them: and we bow to God in submission (Qur’an 2:136).”
  • “Those who believe (in the Qur’an), those who follow the Jewish (scripture), and the Sabians and the Christians, anyone who believe in God and the Last Day, and work righteousness, on them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve (Qur’an 5:69 @ 2:62).”
the caliphs
The Caliphs
  • Were to make all laws in accordance with the Qur'an and the Sunnah.
  • Were responsible for creating and maintaining conditions under which it would be easy for Muslims to live according to Islamic principles, and to see that justice was done to all.
sunni shia sufi and wahabbi
Sunni, Shia, Sufi and Wahabbi
  • All believe and practice the same five pillars of Islam.
  • Sunni and Shia differs on sharing and appointing leadership.
  • Sufis practice some mysticism in worshiping God such as poetry, music and occasional dance.
  • Wahabbism is a movement and ideology that holds the view of being puritan and traditionalist. Whoever resists their view are considered to be misguided including fellow Muslims.
belief and doctrine sunni shi a similarities
Belief and DoctrineSunni – Shi’a Similarities
  • Foundations of Islam:
    • Allah (Qur’an) and Muhammad (Sunnah)
  • Holy sites:
    • Mecca, Medina, Jerusalem
  • Pillars of Islam
    • Shahadah (Declaration)
    • Salah (Daily Prayer)
    • Sawm (Fasting)
    • Hajj (Pilgrimage to Mecca)
    • Zakah (Obligatory charity)
belief and doctrine sunni shi a differences
Belief and DoctrineSunni – Shi’a Differences
  • Sunnis Believe:
    • Regard the caliphs, successors of Mohammed, as authorities in the historical past.
    • Recognize the first three caliphs.
    • Follow ijma, consensus.
    • Stress unmediated relations with God.
    • Do not mention Ali in the call to prayer.
    • Accept the value of public prayers, whatever the character of the prayer-leader.
    • Accept prohibition by the second caliph, Umar, of temporary marriage (mut'ah).
belief and doctrine sunni shi a differences1
Belief and DoctrineSunni – Shi’a Differences
  • Shiites believe:
    • Honor Imams descended from Ali, Mohammed's son-in-law.
    • Reject the first three caliphs; annually mark as a religious event the killing of Ali's son and Mohammed's grandson Husayn (Hussein) at Karbala in 680; blame caliphs for killing subsequent Imams.
    • Follow authorities who speak in place of the Hidden Imam.
    • Regard Imams as holy intercessors with God.
    • Add to the call to prayer: "And Ali is the friend of God.”
    • Reject the value of prayers led by an unworthy prayer-leader.
    • Recognize temporary marriage.
compare contrast sunni shiite
Compare/Contrast: Sunni & Shiite


  • Doctrine of power & achievement.
  • Habits & religious practices of Muhammad are regarded as Islamic norm.
  • Emphasis on one’s direct relationship with Allah.
  • Jihad: act of piety vs act of worship (Shia).


  • Doctrine of opposition.
    • Defeated & oppressed.
  • Revere imams who are direct male descendants of Ali.
  • Emphasis of the role of individual leaders.
    • Evolved provision for a hierarchy of authorities, with one (Marjah) becoming a source of imitation.
  • Holy sites: Mashad (Iran), Qom (Iran), Najaf (Iraq), Karbala (Iraq), Baghdad (Iraq).
shia holy sites
Shia Holy Sites
  • Mashad (Iran)
  • Qom (Iran)
  • Baghdad (Iraq)
  • Karbala (Iraq)
  • Najaf (Iraq)
Religion cannot be separated from politics.

Muslims do not consider religion to be a private matter.(al-Suwaidi)