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r-p-o-p-h-e-s-s-a-g-r who a)s w(e loo)k upnowgath PPEGORHRASS eringint(o - aThe):l eA ! p : S a ( r rIvInG . gRrEaPsPhOs ) to rea(be)rran(com)gi(e)ngly ,grasshopper;. What is Poetry?. so much depends upon a red wheel barrow

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what is poetry










S a


rIvInG .gRrEaPsPhOs)




What is Poetry?

so much depends


a red wheel


glazed with rain


beside the white


essential questions
Essential Questions

What is poetry?

How is poetry different from prose?

How do authors use stylistic devices to affect the emotions of their readers?

How does the performance of poetry affect its meaning?

How can poetry be used as a tool for social justice?

what is poetry some responses
What is Poetry? Some Responses

Webster’s Dictionary: “Imaginative language or composition, whether expressed rhythmically or in prose.”

Samuel Taylor Coleridge: “For poetry is the blossom and the fragrance of all human knowledge, human thoughts, human passions, emotions, language.”

AudreLorde: “The difference between poetry and rhetoric / is being / ready to kill / yourself / instead of your children.”

because everyone wants to know
“Because Everyone Wants to Know”

Prose is a starting pitcher with a game plan. He pitches to each batter differently each time up. His game is full of little dramas: impending catastrophe, escape, tension building, subsiding, building again

Poetry is a one-inning reliever-- a fireballer, a screwballer, a pitcher with a slider that batters flick their bats at as it breaks a foot outside in the dirt

Prose is a boxer: jabbing, moving, slipping, stinging, wearing his opponent down. Poetry is a knockout punch; the big left hook that is carried on all the highlight films

Prose is a song; poetry is a guitar lick every kid can yow-yow with his mouth

Prose is the Mona Lisa; poetry is the smile.

organizing key terms
Organizing Key Terms
  • Types of Poems
    • Sonnet
    • Lyric
    • Ballad
    • Elegy
    • Epic
    • Idyll
    • Pastoral
  • Figurative Language
    • Alliteration
    • Assonance
    • Metaphor
    • Simile
    • Conceit
    • Hyperbole
    • Personification
    • Metonymy
    • Onomatopoeia
    • Simile
    • Synecdoche
    • Allusion
    • Imagery
  • Parts of a Poem
    • Verse (Free and Blank)
    • Stanza
    • Caesura
    • Couplet
    • Foot
    • Meter
    • Refrain
    • Stress
key terms
Key Terms

Alliteration: the repetition of the same or similar sounds at the beginning of words

Allusion: a reference to a famous person, thing, or work

Assonance: the repetition of vowel sounds

Ballad: a poem that tells a story (such a folk tale or legend), often with a refrain

Caesura: a natural pause or break in a line of poetry

Conceit: a poetic image or metaphor that compares one thing to another that seems unlikely

Couplet: a pair of lines of the same length and that usually rhyme

key terms1
Key Terms

Elegy: a poem written for the death of a person

Enjambment: the continuation of a sentence or idea across more than one line of poetry

Epic: a long, serious poem that tells the story of a heroic figure

Foot: two or more syllables that together make up the smallest unit of rhyme in a poem

Hyperbole: deliberate exaggeration used for emphasis

Idyll: a short poem depicting a peaceful, idealized country scene

key terms2
Key Terms

Imagery: the use of language appealing to the five senses

Lyric: a poem that expresses the thoughts or feelings of the poet

Metaphor: a comparison of two things when one is said to be the other

Meter: the arrangement of lines according to the number of syllables and rhythm

Metonymy: the substitution of one word for another closely associated word

Onomatopoeia: words used to imitate sounds

Pastoral: a poem that depicts rural life

key terms3
Key Terms

Personification: giving human traits to non-human objects or things

Refrain: a line or phrase repeated throughout the poem

Simile: comparison of two things using “like” or “as”

Sonnet: a 14-line lyric poem

Stanza: two or more lines organized to form the divisions of a poem

Stress: prominence or emphasis given to certain syllables

key terms4
Key Terms

Synecdoche: a part used to substitute for the whole, or the whole is used to mean the part

Verse: a single metrical line of poetry, or poetry in general (as opposed to prose)

Free Verse: poetry with unrhymed lines or rhymed lines with no set meter

Blank Verse: poetry written in unrhymed iambic pentameter


Literal Meaning:

Figurative Meaning: