What is Poetry? . Poetry Post-it Activity Class Definition of Poetry. Sons of Poetry. Link for Sons of Poetry http :// www.youtube.com/watch?v=FmICU1gMAAw. Appreciating Poetry .
Poetry Post-it Activity
Class Definition of Poetry
What makes a song unforgettable? Perhaps it is the rhythm of the music or the catchy lyrics. A song might also speak to you because it reminds you of something in your own life. Like a song, a poem can capture your imagination with what it says and how it sounds.
Listen to Adele’s song: “Set Fire to the Rain”
Class Discussion: How is this song poetic? What poetic elements are included? How does this song speak to you? Can you relate in any way?
A poem’s personality depends on its speaker as well as its form. The speaker in a poem is the voice that talks to the reader. The speaker may be the poet, or it may be a character created by the poet .
Who is the speaker in Adele’s song? Is it Adele or a character she created?
But there's a side to youThat I never knew, never knew.All the things you'd sayThey were never true, never true,And the games you playYou would always win, always win.
How is a stanza like a paragraph in an essay? Why is it important that all of these lines read together? What is the main idea or overall message of this stanza?
Some poems have traditional, or structured forms. Traditional poems follow fixed rules; for instance, they might have a certain number of lines or a repeating pattern of rhythm or rhyme. Poems that do not follow set rules are called free verse.
The following poem “Street Corner Flight” by Norma Flores is written in free verse. Because it has no regular pattern of rhythm or rhyme, the poem sounds like everyday speech.
From this side …
of their concrete barrio
two small boys hold
fat white pigeons
trapped in their trembling hands.
their powers of flight,
Into the air.
1. Narrative poem – a poem that tells a story.
Example: “Little Orphan Annie” by James Whitcomb Riley
Little Orphan Annie's come to my house to stay. To wash the cups and saucers up and brush the crumbs away. To shoo the chickens from the porch/dust the hearth and sweep, And make the fire/bake the bread to earn her board and keep. While all us other children, when the supper things is done, We sit around the kitchen fire and has the mostest fun, A listening to the witch tales that Annie tells about And the goblins will get ya if ya don't watch out!
2. Lyric – a short poem in which a single speaker expresses personal thoughts and feelings. Lyric poems cover many subjects, from love and death to everyday experiences.
I thought the earth
remembered me, she
took me back so tenderly, arranging
her dark skirts, her pockets
full of lichens and seeds.
3. Diamante- A diamante is a seven line poem, shaped like a diamond that describes opposites.
squaresymmetrical, conventionalshaping, measuring, balancingboxes, rooms,clocks, haloscircling, turning, orbitinground, continuouscircle
5. Cinquain - A five line poem which consists of 1 noun, 2 adjectives, 3 “ing” words, 4 feeling words, and a synonym for the noun.
The first line is just one word, which is often the title of the poem. The second line has two words which describe the first line. The third line has three words, and is mostly the action part of the poem. The fourth line is four words describing the feelings. And the fifth line, again, has just one word which is the title of the poem.
Fighting, charging, slaughtering
Worried, delighted, brave, fearsome
4. Haiku– a form of poetry that originated hundreds of years ago in Japan. In a haiku, poets seek to create a clear picture with few words. A haiku centers on a symbol that instantly reminds its reader of a season. You must use symbols and imagery and pay attention to syllables and line count.
The entire poem consists of just 17 syllables arranged in three lines. The first and third lines each contain five syllables, and the second line has 7 syllables.
On sweet plum blossoms
The sun rises suddenly.
Look, a mountain path!
6. Sonnet- This type of poem contains fourteen lines, each line containing ten syllables, and follows the traditional rhyme scheme.
Read Shakespeare’s Sonnet 18 while listening to the song:
7. Limerick - The standard form is a stanza of five lines, with the first, second and fifth usually rhyming with one another.
The first line traditionally introduces a person and a place, with the place appearing at the end of the first line and establishing the rhyme scheme for the second and fifth lines.
There was a young person of Smyrna (Smurna)
Whose grandmother threatened to burn her; But she seized on the cat,
and said, “Granny, burn that!
You incongruous old woman of Smyrna!”
Listen to the Limerick Song:
8. Ballad - a narrative folk song or poem.
Its distinctive style began in Europe in the late Middle Ages as part of the oral tradition, and it has been preserved as a musical and literary form. The folk ballad typically tells a compact tale with deliberate starkness, using devices such as repetition to heighten effects.
Turn to page 638 in lit. book and read “Boots of Spanish Leather.”
Listen to Bob Dylan singing the folk song: http://www.bing.com/videos/search?q=The+Boots+of+Spanish+Leather+Song&FORM=VIRE3#view=detail&mid=BE4005676A94CCAFA740BE4005676A94CCAFA740
Did listening to the song help you to understand the poem any better? Does it give density to the poem?
Example: fabulous feast, big bad bear, lazy lizard.
2.Assonance– the repetition of vowel sounds
Example:“e” sound in “can ever dissever
3. Onomatopoeia– words whose sounds resemble that which is being described.
Example: “hiss,” “tinkle,” “boom.”
4. Rhythm is the pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in each line.
5. Rhyme is the repetition of sounds at the ends of words.
6. Rhyme Scheme is the pattern that the end rhyming words follow. To identify rhyme scheme, assign a letter to each new sound.
For example, the stanza "The cat spilled milk/all over my shirt/which happened to be silk/my feelings are hurt" would be labeled ABAB.
7. Repetition – the use of a word, phrase, line, or sound more than once.
Under the sun
I will touch a hundred flowers
And not pick one.
1. Metaphor – compares two unlike things without using the word like or as.
Example: The stars were torches in the night.
The stars are being compared to torches because of the way they light up the night.
2. Simile– compares two unlike things using the word like or as.
The stars flamed like torches.
The stars are compared to torches using “like.”
3. Personification – gives human qualities to an animal, an object, or an idea.
Example: Whispering trees, or angrily marching ants
4. Symbol-the use of something to stand for or represent something else
9. Imagery – consists of words and phrases that appeal to your senses of sight, hearing, smell, taste, and touch.
Poets use imagery not only to vividly describe things, but also to communicate feelings and ideas.
Yesterday, I lay awake in the palm of the night.
A soft rain stole in, un-helped by any breeze.
The images “palm of the night” and “soft rain” appeal to your senses of sight and touch. These phrases also suggest a sense of troubled thoughtfulness and perhaps a feeling of change.