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Main uses AUXILIARY VERBS &MODALS
In short answers: • Do you believe in psychics? • Yes, I do • Are you a self-confident person? • Yes I am
To avoid repeating the main verb: • I hate this kind of exams and so does my friend Ann.
With “so” and “neither” • With a verb in positive : • So+ aux+ subj • Peter loves this novel and sodo I • With a verb in negative : • Neither + aux+ subj • You didn’t know Alex was coming today and neitherdid I.
With “echo questions” • They are used to show interest: • Aux ( = as in main sentence)+ subj? • This is a really interesting guy. • Is he? • I really want to go on a date with him… • Do you?
To add emphasis: • DO/DID + main verb I know you deny it, but I know you DID cheat in the exam.
To make question tags: • Positive statement , neg aux + subj? • He’s from Ireland, isn’t he? • Negative statement, positive aux + subj? • You haven’t been to China before, have you?
So/Neither • I’m going to London next weekend and … (John too) • So is John • I’ve just passed my driving test and … (Ann too) • So has Ann • I haven’t seen Peter for ages and ( Lui neither) • Neither has Lui • I didn’t do my homework for Monica and … (the rest of the class neither) • Neither did the rest of the class
Echo questions • I ‘m looking forward to being sent abroad by my company. • Are you?! • I know I left the keys on the table, but I can’t find them now! • Can’t you?! • He speaks very good German… • Does he?! • He broke out of prison yesterday… • Did he?! • If I won 1.000.000 €, I wouldn’t change my life a bit. • Wouldn’t you?!
Emphasis • She forgave her sister for deceiving her. • She did forgive her sister for deceiving her. • I wrote the poem myself. • I did write the poem myself. • I love parties. • I do love parties • Books cost a lot • Books do cost a lot • This bus goes to the station non-stop. • This bus does go to the station non-stop
Question tags • It’s a lovely day, ________ ? • Isn’t it? • You couldn’t lend me 5$, ________ ? • Could you? • Tom drives very fast, ________ ? • Doesn’t he? • I don’t think he’s ever been there, ________ • Hasn’t he? • You don’t like him, ________? • Do you?