Grammar Toolkit. Auxiliary verbs. What are auxiliary verbs?. Grammar Toolkit. Auxiliary verbs. A non-finite verb can become a finite verb with the help of an auxiliary or “helping” verb. Auxiliary verbs give the resulting verb its tense. Let’s start with the present participle looking .
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A non-finite verb can become a finite verb with the help of an auxiliary or “helping” verb. Auxiliary verbs give the resulting verb its tense. Let’s start with the present participle looking.
The auxiliary verb ismakes the verb complete and gives it a tense (present tense.)
The complete verb can now have a subject.
By itself, it doesn’t have a tense and can’t have a subject.
The complete finite verb becomes is looking.
Auxiliary verbs are forms of the verbs have, do and be. Choose an auxiliary verb foreach non-finite verb. What tense does the complete verb get?
have has do does did be am is are was were being been
I ______ cleaning.
We to go.
Yuki and Sanjcoming.
Modal verbs are a type of auxiliary verb. They help a non-finite verb express possibility, obligation or permission. Choose an auxiliary verb for each non-finite verb. What tense does the complete verb get?
can could may might mustshall should will would
Mia run fast.
A main verb plus one or more auxiliary verbs makes a verb phrase.
Verb phrases can become quite long. What verb phrases can you make with these auxiliary verbs?
been is will was have had
Many subjects and their auxiliary verbs arewritten as contractions. Contractions are words or phrases with an apostrophe to show missing letters.
I’m home. = I amhome. Cristina’shere. = Cristina ishere.
Many negative verb phrases are also written as contractions.
She hasn’tsold it. = She has notsold it. He didn’tarrive. = He did notarrive.
Do you know what these contractions mean?