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We’re not types of verbs, but we’re related to them!. Verbs, Verbs, Verbs. Action Verbs Linking Verbs . (also: auxiliary, transitive, intransitive) . Two, 2, dos, deux, zwei, ni, , . action linking. There are ONLY two kinds of verbs on the planet. They are:. (tutu) .

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verbs verbs verbs

We’re not types of verbs, but we’re related to them!

Verbs, Verbs, Verbs

Action Verbs

Linking Verbs

(also: auxiliary, transitive, intransitive)

two 2 dos deux zwei ni
Two, 2, dos, deux, zwei, ni, ,
  • action
  • linking
  • There are ONLY two kinds of verbs on the planet. They are:

(tutu) 

slide3
All real verbs are either action or linking. There are other “verby” things (auxiliary/helping verbs, verbals), but they are not true verbs. We will discuss these later.
action verbs5
Action Verbs
  • express either mental or physical activity
  • The dogs barked all day.
  • He thought about the day.

physical action

mental action

action verbs6
Action Verbs
  • may be transitive or intransitive
  • (more on this later – just note it for now)
linking verbs8
Linking Verbs
  • express a state of being
  • connect (or link) the subject to a word or word group that identifies or describes the subject

My teacher is cranky.

linking verbs9
Linking Verbs
  • never have objects
  • ALWAYS intransitive
  • (more on this later – just note it for now)
action or linking verb
Action or Linking Verb?

action

  • We celebrated the Chinese New Year yesterday.
  • The holiday is usually in February.
  • We celebrated the Chinese New Year yesterday.
  • The holiday is usually in February.

linking

#1 Identify the verb.

#2 Action or state of being?

#3 Action=action verb & state of being = linking verb

action or linking verb11
Action or Linking Verb?

linking

  • John looked tired.
  • John looked through the binoculars.
  • John looked tired.
  • John looked through the binoculars.

action

#1 Identify the verb.

#2 Action or state of being?

#3 Action=action verb & state of being = linking verb

action or linking verb12
Action or Linking Verb?

action

  • Remain in your seats until the end of class.
  • Remain calm.
  • Remain in your seats until the end of class.
  • Remain calm.

linking

#1 Identify the verb.

#2 Action or state of being?

#3 Action=action verb & state of being = linking verb

handy tip for linking verbs
Handy Tip for Linking Verbs
  • Linking verbs are like the equal signs of language. (=)
  • Any verb that can be replaced with is, am, are, be, become, or becomes to create a sentence with nearly the same meaning is a linking verb.
action or linking verb your turn
Action or Linking Verb? Your Turn!
  • Any verb that can be replaced with is, am, are, be, become, or becomes to create a sentence with nearly the same meaning is a linking verb.
  • The sky looks blue.
  • I walked home.
  • Our teacher seemed crazy.
auxiliary helping verbs16
be

am

is

are

was

were

Auxiliary/Helping Verbs

(sing to the tune of “Jingle Bells” for a handy mnemonic)

  • been
  • being
  • has
  • have
  • had
  • do
  • did
  • does
  • can
  • could
  • shall
  • will
  • would
  • should
  • may
  • might
  • must
auxiliary help ing verbs
Auxiliary/Helping Verbs
  • help the main verb express action or a state of being
  • canspeak
  • maybe
  • has beennamed
  • should have beencaught
auxiliary verbs verb phrase
Auxiliary Verbs Verb Phrase
  • A verb phrase has one main verb and one or more auxiliary verbs
  • Many people in Africa canspeak more than one language.
  • The packages maybe at 401 Maple Street.
verb phrase math
Verb Phrase “Math”
  • auxiliary verb(s) + main verb = verb phrase
  • There may be more than oneauxiliary verb in a verb phrase. There is only onemain verb in a verb phrase. It is always the LAST WORD in the verb phrase. The main verb is either action (speak, named, caught) or linking (be).
  • canspeak
  • maybe
  • has beennamed
  • should have beencaught
slide20

Auxiliary Verb or Main Verb?

The highlighted words can function as main verbs or auxiliary verbs. Can you tell which job each is doing?

main verb

  • I am a teacher.
  • I am writing a letter.
  • We are hungry.
  • The girls are playing ball.

auxiliary verb

main verb

auxiliary verb

auxiliary verb or main verb your turn
Auxiliary Verb or Main Verb? Your Turn!
  • Make your own examples using each of these words in two ways: 1) as a main verb and 2) as an auxiliary verb in a verb phrase.
  • was
  • does
  • have
auxiliary verb or main verb your turn22
Auxiliary Verb or Main Verb? Your Turn!

was does have

  • I was a track star.
  • I was running quickly.
  • She does the dishes.
  • She does hear you.
  • They have influenza.
  • They have been cured.
handy tip for verb phrases
Handy Tip for Verb Phrases
  • Sometimes a verb phrase is interrupted by another part of speech, like an adverb. In a question, the subject often interrupts the verb phrase.
  • Our school hasalwaysheld a victory celebration when our team wins.
  • Didyouhear Jamie Foxx’s speech?
transitive and intransitive

Transitive and Intransitive

Transitive and Intransitive

It’s all about transfer of action to an object.

handy tip
Handy Tip
  • Since transitive/intransitive verbs deal with whether or not action passes from the subject to an object, always start with labeling the subject and verb in the sentence.
transitive verbs
Transitive Verbs
  • express an action directed toward a person, a place, a thing, or an idea (a.k.a., nouns)
  • The action passes from the doer (the subject) to the receiver of the action.
  • The words that receive the action of transitive verbs directobjects  always nouns
  • Transitive verbs can only be action verbs. Linking verbs are NEVER transitive.
transitive verbs examples
Transitive Verbs: Examples

av

S

  • Derrick greeted the visitors.
    • Derrick greeted whom? The action (greeted) passes from the subject (Derrick) to the object (visitors).
  • When will Felicia paint her room?
    • Felicia will paint what? The action (will paint) passes from the subject (Felicia) to the object (room).

aux. v

av

S

intransitive verbs
Intransitive Verbs
  • express action or tell something about the subject without the action passing to a receiver, or object
  • Intransitive verbs may be either action or linking verbs.
intransitive verbs examples
Intransitive Verbs: Examples

S

av

  • The train stopped.
    • The train stopped what? There is nothing in the sentence to say what the train stopped (i.e., there is no object). There is no transfer of action.
  • Last night we ate on the patio.
    • We ate what? There is nothing in the sentence to say what we ate (i.e., there is no object). We did not eat some “on the patio.” This is a prepositional phrase telling where we ate, not what. There is no transfer of action.

S

av

transitive or intransitive your turn
Transitive or Intransitive? Your Turn!

1) Label subject & verb. 2) Is the verb action or linking? If linking, it cannot be transitive. If action, go on to step 3. 3) Say, “Subject, verb WHAT?” If there is a noun that receives the action, it is transitive.

  • The children play checkers.
  • The children play quietly.
  • Mr. Lopez is baking bread.
  • Mr. Lopez is baking this afternoon.
  • Have Roland and Tracy left their coats?
  • Have Roland and Tracy left yet?
transitive or intransitive your turn31
Transitive or Intransitive? Your Turn!

S

av

  • The children play checkers.
    • The children play WHAT? “Checkers” is a noun telling what they play, so “play” is transitive.
  • The children play quietly.
    • The children play WHAT? “Quietly” is not a noun and it is not what they play (it is how they play), so “play” is intransitive.

S

av

transitive or intransitive your turn32
Transitive or Intransitive? Your Turn!

S

av

  • Mr. Lopez is baking bread.
    • Mr. Lopez is baking WHAT? “Bread” is a noun and it tells what he is baking, so “is baking” is transitive.
  • Mr. Lopez is baking this afternoon.
    • Mr. Lopez is baking WHAT? “This afternoon” is notwhat Mr. Lopez is baking (it tells when), so “is baking” is intransitive.

S

aux. v

av

transitive or intransitive your turn33
Transitive or Intransitive? Your Turn!

S

av

aux. v

S

  • Have Roland and Tracy left their coats?
    • Roland and Tracy have left WHAT? “Coats” is a noun and it tells what they left, so “have left” is transitive.
  • Have Roland and Tracy left yet?
    • Roland and Tracy have left WHAT? “Yet” is notwhat they left (it tells when), so “have left” is intransitive.

S

aux. v

S

av

transitive or intransitive your turn34
Transitive or Intransitive? Your Turn!

Label the subjects and verbs in these sentences. Tell whether the verbs are transitive or intransitive.

  • Melanie ate a baked potato.
  • Hector and Tom are reading.
  • They painted the house.
  • Did you carry his suitcase?
  • My plant grows quickly.