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Med Terms. Principles of Health Science. Dr. Smith enters the nurse’s station and begins to dictate notes that say Mrs. Jones needs to have an exploratory laparotomy , but he suspects he will end up doing a bilateral salpingoophorectomy .

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Med Terms


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med terms

Med Terms

Principles of Health Science

slide2

Dr. Smith enters the nurse’s station and begins to dictate notes that say Mrs. Jones needs to have an exploratory laparotomy, but he suspects he will end up doing a bilateral salpingoophorectomy.

Before the surgery he wants a CXR, EKG, CBC and ABG done, stat.

You suddenly feel thankful that Ms. Garza spent so much time teaching you medical terminology.

slide3

It is nearly impossible for even the most experienced healthcare professional to be familiar with every medical term.

  • However, knowledge of prefixes, suffixes, and root words is essential.
  • It is vital that every healthcare professional be familiar with commonly used medical terminology.
  • A medical dictionary is an excellent reference for unfamiliar terms.
slide4

Word Parts/Building Blocks – most medical terms are formed by a combination of basic word parts.

An understanding of how these parts work together makes interpreting medical language easier.

Prefixes– usually indicate location, time, or number and come at the beginning of a word

Suffixes– usually indicate the procedure, disease, or condition and come after the root word

Root Words – usually indicate the part of the body involved

slide5

Combining Vowel

1. usually “o”

2. attached to the root word

3. makes medical terms easier to pronounce

4. is NOT used a when suffix begins with a vowel

5. IS used when suffix begins with a consonant

slide6

Prefix + Root Word + Suffix = Medical Term

  • Poly + neur/o + itis = POLYNEURITIS
  • many + nerves + inflammation = inflammation of many nerves
common medical prefixes
Common Medical Prefixes
  • a-, an- negative, without
  • ab- away from
  • ad- towards
  • anti- against
  • ante- before
slide8

bi- two, both

  • brachy- short
  • brady- slow
  • dys- painful, difficult
  • dors- back
slide9

endo- inside

  • epi- above, upon
  • hemi- half
  • hyper- excessive, above, more than
  • hypo- decrease, below, less
slide10

inter- between, among

  • intra- within, inside
  • macro- large, big
  • mal- bad
  • micro- small
slide11

neo- new

  • para- beside or below
  • peri- around
  • poly- many
slide12

post- after

  • sub- below
  • super- above
  • tachy- fast
common medical suffixes
Common Medical Suffixes
  • -algia- painful
  • -asthenia –weakness
  • -cele –hernia
  • -centesis -surgical puncture
  • -ectomy -removal
slide14

-itis -inflammation/infection

  • -gram –picture
  • -malacia -abnormal softening
  • -megaly- enlargement
  • -necrosis -death of tissue
  • -plegia -paralysis
slide15

-ology -study of

  • -osis -abnormal condition
  • -ostomy -surgical opening
  • -otomy -surgical incision
  • -orrhea- flow
slide16

-pathy –disease

  • -plasty -surgical repair
  • -rrhaphy –suture
  • -sclerosis -abnormal hardening
  • -scope -instrument to view
  • -stenosis -narrowing
common medical root words
Common Medical Root Words
  • acro –extremities
  • angi/o –vessel
  • arthr/o- joint
  • cardi/o –heart
  • cerebr/o –brain
  • chrondr/o- cartilage
slide18

cyte-cell

  • gastr/o- stomach
  • hepat- liver
  • lapar -abdomen
  • latero- side
  • mamm/o- breast
slide19

medial- middle

  • my/o –muscle
  • cost/o –ribs
  • nephr/o -kidney
  • oophor –ovary
  • ot/o -ear
slide20

pneum/o -lung/air

  • rhino -nose
  • tend/o -tendon
  • trachi-trachea (wind pipe)
  • thorac-chest
slide21

salpingo-fallopian tube

  • procto-rectum
  • oste/o -bone
  • neur/o -nerve
  • nas/o -nose
slide22

myel/o -spinal cord/bone marrow

  • mast/o –breast
  • lip/o- fat
  • laryng -larynx (voice box)
  • hyster/o -uterus
slide23

hemo/hemat- blood

  • enter/o -small intestines
  • cyst/o -sac/bladder
  • col/o -large intestines/colon
  • cervi/c -neck
slide24

carp -wrist

  • brachi -arm
  • arteri/o -artery
  • aden -gland
slide25

Just as in the English language, occasionally we use abbreviations to expedite writing orders and notes.

  • Many of the abbreviations come from diagnostic testing, such as laboratory tests and different types of x-rays.
  • Many of the therapy units have also adopted common abbreviations.
slide26

ASAP – as soon as possible

  • ABG’s– arterial blood gases
  • AC – before meals
  • Amb – ambulate or to walk
  • BP – blood pressure
  • BS – blood sugar, bowel sounds, breath sounds
slide27

CBC – complete blood count

  • CXR – chest x-ray
  • DNP – do not publish
  • DNR – do not resuscitate
  • EKG – electrocardiogram
  • FBS – fasting blood sugar
slide28

GI – gastrointestinal

  • ICU – Intensive Care Unit
  • Pt – patient, pint
  • PT – physical therapy
  • ROM – range of motion
  • Stat – now
  • TPR – temperature, pulse, and respiration
  • VS – Vital signs
  • W/C – wheel chair