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United States Version (10 June 01). Unclassified. Lightning Safety For Kids. Mr. William P. Roeder Chief Staff Meteorologist 45th Weather Squadron. Purpose. Teach Lightning Safety. LIGHTNING -- SIGNIFICANT HAZARD! LIGHTNING SAFETY PROCEDURES. More Education Needed!.

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    1. United States Version (10 June 01) Unclassified Lightning SafetyFor Kids Mr. William P. RoederChief Staff Meteorologist45th Weather Squadron

    2. Purpose Teach Lightning Safety

    3. LIGHTNING -- SIGNIFICANT HAZARD! • LIGHTNING SAFETY PROCEDURES More Education Needed! Overview

    4. LIGHTNING: The Underrated Weather Hazard! • 2nd Leading Cause Of Storm Deaths In U.S. (~ 100 / Year) • More Than Hurricanes And Tornadoes Combined! • Injures ~ 1,000 / Year In U.S. • Often Severe Life-Long Crippling Injuries • Lightning Causes $5 Billion In Damage Each Yearly In U.S. • Yet Lightning Safety Receives • Surprisingly Little Attention! Lightning -- Significant Hazard

    5. Biggest Threat -- Southeast And Midwest But No Place Safe From Lightning! Dr. Richard Orville, Texas A&M University Florida Lightning Threat

    6. Top States For Lightning Deaths And Casualties 1959-1996 LIGHTNING DEATHS 1. FL 2. TX 3. NC 4. NY 5. OH 6. TN 7. LA 8. MD 9. PA 10. AR LIGHTNING INJURIES 1. FL 2. MI 3. PA 4. NC 5. OH 6. NY 7. TX 8. TN 9. ME 10. GA Some States Larger In Area And Population. Beware Reporting Biases. Lightning Impacts (con’t.)

    7. Lightning Safety Procedures • Lightning Safety Group Recommendations

    8. No Place Outside Is Safe Near A Thunderstorm! SOAP Lightning Safety Procedures (con’t.)

    9. “Bolt From The Blue” Lightning Safety Procedures (con’t.) • Lightning Can Strike Long Distances! Even Outside The Rain! • If You Can Hear Thunder, Seek Shelter!

    10. 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 Lightning Certified Facility Lightning Protected Building Relative Lightning Protection Outdoors Lightning Safety Procedures (con’t.) • Seek Proper Shelter • Buildings Much Better Than Vehicles • Large, Fully Enclosed, Substantially Built • Vehicles Offer Some Safety • No Place Outside Is Safe Near A Thunderstorm • Near  6 Miles

    11. Lightning Safety Procedures (con’t.) • Once In Proper Shelter, Avoid Conducting Paths To Outside • Telephone (corded) • Electrical Appliances / Wiring • TVs, VCRs, And TV Cables • Computers • Light Switches • Electrical Outlets • Plumbing • Showers • Sinks • Rest Rooms • Pools (indoors too) • Don’t Watch Lightning From Windows / Doorways • Indoor Rooms Are Better

    12. Lightning Safety Procedures (con’t.) • Unsafe Locations • High Places / Open Fields • Isolated Trees • Towers / Poles (Light Poles, Flag Poles, Telephone Poles, Etc.) • Unprotected Pavilions, Rain / Picnic Shelters • Baseball Dugouts • Convertible Cars • Golf Carts • Water (Swimming Pool, Ocean, Lake, Rivers, Etc.) • Indoor / Outdoor Pools • Bleachers (Metal Or Wood) • Metal Fences / Structures

    13. When Thunderstorms Nearby, Avoid These Activities Like Your Life Depends On It -- It Does! Radio and Radio Equipment(1%) Golf and Trees(2%) Open Fields(Includes Sports Fields)(45%) Telephone(4%) Farm andHeavy Equipment(5%) Under Trees(23%) Water(14%) Golf(6%) Lightning Casualties In U.S. (1959-1994)(National Severe Storms Laboratory) Lightning Impacts (con’t.)

    14. Lightning Safety Procedures (con’t.) If You Can Hear Thunder, Seek Shelter! • Avoid Wide Open Areas • Sports Fields • Playgrounds • Parking Lots • Beaches • Others

    15. Lightning Safety Procedures (con’t.) If You Can Hear Thunder, Seek Shelter! • Avoid Water Activities • Swimming • Boating • Beaches • Doubly Dangerous! • Fishing • Others

    16. Lightning Safety Procedures (con’t.) If You Can Hear Thunder, Seek Shelter! • Avoid Trees! • Do NOT Go Under Trees To Keep Dry!

    17. Keep Away From Trees!

    18. Keep Away From Trees!

    19. Keep Away From Trees!

    20. Keep Away From Trees!

    21. National Lightning Safety Institute Lightning Safety Procedures (con’t.) • First Aid For Lightning • Call 911 • Apply CPR / Mouth To Mouth Resuscitation • All Deaths From Stopped Heart / Stopped Breathing

    22. Lightning Safety Procedures (con’t.) • First-Aid For Lightning Victims (con’t.) • MYTH: Lightning Is Disintegrater Ray From The Sky • MYTH: Lightning Is Death Ray From the Sky • Only ~ 10% Killed • MYTH!: Lightning Victim Is Electrified -- Don’t Touch, Or Be Electrocuted • It Is Safe To Apply First-Aid! • High Chance Of Success! • But Beware Downed Live Wires In Thunderstorms; Touching Victim Then Is Dangerous

    23. If You Can Hear Thunder, Seek Shelter! If You Can Hear Thunder, Seek Shelter! If You Can Hear Thunder, Seek Shelter! If You Can Hear Thunder, Seek Shelter! If You Can Hear Thunder, Seek Shelter! If You Can Hear Thunder, Seek Shelter! If You Can Hear Thunder, Seek Shelter! If You Can Hear Thunder, Seek Shelter! If You Can Hear Thunder, Seek Shelter! • Lightning Is Extremely Significant Hazard, Especially In Southeast And Midwest, But Far Too Often Underrated • Lightning Safety Group Recommendations Can Help Improve Your Lightning Safety • ‘Go Inside’ -- Now How Tough Is That? Summary

    24. Review ‘USA Today’ If You Can Hear Thunder,Seek Shelter!

    25. Questions? • www.patrick.af.mil/45og/45ws/LightningSafety/index.htm • For Lightning Safety Briefings, Call . . . • William P. Roeder • william.roeder@patrick.af.mil • (321) 853-8410, DSN 467-8410 Lightning Safety If You Can Hear Thunder, Seek Shelter!