What is a cleft sentence?. A cleft sentence is derived from a simple sentence by dividing it into two clauses e.g. John broke the window. (simple sentence) → It was John who broke the window. (cleft) → It was the window that John broke. (cleft)
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A cleft sentence is derived from a simple sentence by dividing it into twoclauses
e.g. John broke the window. (simple sentence)
→ It was John who broke the window. (cleft)
→ It was the window that John broke. (cleft)
Clefts have the following structure:
It + part of the verb to be (sing.)+ …. + who/that
Note that the verb is always singular (agreeing with subject it), even if the complement is plural.
What I saw + was + a bright light.
possible pseudo-clefts (highlighted elements in bold)
A relative clause has a finite verb.
1 i. What the students will study was grammar structure.
ii. Grammar structure is what the students will study.
2. i. The person who arrived late was Mr Jones.
ii. Mr Jones was the person who arrived late.
3. i. Where they got married is Prague.
ii. Prague is where they got married.
(Do Exs. II b.)