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Marshall Breeding Independent Consultant, Founder and Publisher, Library Technology Guides http://www.librarytechnology.org/ http://twitter.com/mbreeding. Technology trends for Public Library Consortia. 14 May 2014. The Library Network – Novi Public Library. Library Technology Guides.

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Technology trends for Public Library Consortia


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    1. Marshall Breeding Independent Consultant, Founder and Publisher, Library Technology Guides http://www.librarytechnology.org/ http://twitter.com/mbreeding Technology trends for Public Library Consortia 14 May 2014 The Library Network – Novi Public Library

    2. Library Technology Guides www.librarytechnology.org

    3. The Library Network

    4. Sources • American Libraries Library Systems Report • 2014 online edition published April 15 • Perceptions Surveys • 2014 edition recently published • http://www.librarytechnology.org/perceptions2013.pl • Turnover Reports: • http://www.librarytechnology.org/ils-turnover.pl?Year=2013 • http://www.librarytechnology.org/ils-turnover-reverse.pl?Year=2013

    5. Library Technology Industry Reports American Libraries Library Journal • 2014: Strategic Competition and Cooperation • 2013: Rush to Innovate • 2012: Agents of Change • 2011: New Frontier • 2010: New Models, Core Systems • 2009: Investing in the Future • 2008: Opportunity out of turmoil • 2007: An industry redefined • 2006: Reshuffling the deck • 2005: Gradual evolution • 2004: Migration down, innovation up • 2003: The competition heats up • 2002: Capturing the migrating customer

    6. Industry Revenues • $1.8 billion global industry • $790 million from companies involved in the US • $485 million from US Libraries

    7. Vendors and long-term trends • How do we identify the vendor most likely to pick out lasting trends?

    8. Industry Giants • Ex Libris: • 3,957 customer libraries • 536 FTE Employed • Innovative • 410 FTE employed • 1,640 libraries • SirsiDynix: • 3,595 libraries • 385 FTE Employed

    9. Library Technology Industry Reports American Libraries Library Journal • 2014: Strategic Competition and Cooperation • 2013: Rush to Innovate • 2012: Agents of Change • 2011: New Frontier • 2010: New Models, Core Systems • 2009: Investing in the Future • 2008: Opportunity out of turmoil • 2007: An industry redefined • 2006: Reshuffling the deck • 2005: Gradual evolution • 2004: Migration down, innovation up • 2003: The competition heats up • 2002: Capturing the migrating customer

    10. Personnel Resources 2013

    11. Recent ILS Industry Contracts

    12. Mergers and Acquisitions

    13. Mergers and Acquisitions Detail

    14. Business Trends • Consolidation: Large international companies gaining increasing reach into libraries across many international regions • Local companies vulnerable: May not have the development capacity to develop new generations of products • Content and Technology increasingly interwoven

    15. Innovative Interfaces 2012-13 • Majority acquisition by 2 private Equity Firms: • Huntsman Gay Global Capital + JMI Equity • New C-level management • Kim Massana, CEO • Subsequent Transaction: Kline sells remaining shares and exits • Global expansion • Dublin, Ireland • Noida, India

    16. Innovative Interfaces 2014 • Innovative acquires Polaris Library Systems • Jim Carrick and partners sell shares and exit • No longer a separate company • Bill Schickling now VP for Public Library Products • Polaris office East Coast Operations center

    17. SirsiDynix acquires EOS International • Co-founder Scot Cheatham sells shares and exits • 1,100 mostly special libraries use EOS.Web • Common strategy for hosted solutions

    18. Personnel Growth / Loss

    19. Personnel Resources

    20. AppropriateAutomation Infrastructure • Current automation products out of step with current realities • Majority of library collection funds spent on electronic content • Majority of automation efforts support print activities • New discovery solutions help with access to e-content • Management of e-content continues with inadequate supporting infrastructure

    21. Open Source Options • Is open source a realistic option? • Major advantages • Pitfalls

    22. Open Source • Community-based software development • No licensing costs • Services offered for: hosting, implementation, data conversion, ongoing support • Self-service: all costs absorbed within institution • Library examples: • Koha • Evergreen • Kuali OLE

    23. Personnel Resources: Open Source

    24. Open source and Open Access • Open source development of platform services • Open source infrastructure components • Open APIs to expose platform services • Knowledge base components • Open access • Community maintained • Adequately resourced

    25. Major thread in library systems development Koha Evergreen Kuali OLE Open Source Integrated Library Systems

    26. Open Systems • Achieving openness has risen as the key driver behind library technology strategies • Libraries need to do more with their data • Ability to improve customer experience and operational efficiencies • Demand for Interoperability • Open source – full access to internal program of the application • Open API’s – expose programmatic interfaces to data and functionality

    27. Open Source Automation Systems • Koha • Small to mid-sized public and academic libraries • Used by several consortia (SKLS) • Evergreen • Designed for Library Consortia • Kuali OLE • Designed for large research libraries

    28. Koha Libraries Worldwide

    29. Evergreen • Popular system for state funded initiatives • Georgia Pines • Virginia Evergreen • Indiana Evergreen • Pennsylvania Integrated Library System: SPARKS • Massachusetts: CW/MARS, Bibliomation, Merimack • British Columbia SITKA • North Carolina Cardinal • Vermont: new Catamount project

    30. Evergreen Libraries Worldwide

    31. Competing Models of Library Automation • Traditional Proprietary Commercial ILS • Aleph, Voyager, Millennium, Symphony, Polaris, • BOOK-IT, DDELibra, Libra.se • LIBERO, Amlib, Spydus, TOTALS II, Talis Alto, OpenGalaxy • Traditional Open Source ILS • Evergreen, Koha • New generation Library Services Platforms • Ex Libris Alma • Kuali OLE (Enterprise, not cloud) • OCLC WorldShare Management Services, • Serials Solutions Intota • Innovative Interfaces Sierra (evolving)

    32. Consortial and Resource Sharing Issues

    33. Resource sharing • Compatibility with MelCat INN-Reach system • NCIP • Other APIs and architectures?

    34. Library Consortia • Groups of libraries want to work together to share an automation system • Number of participants limited by the perceived capacities of the automation system

    35. Shared Infrastructure • Common discovery • Retention of local automation systems • Technical complex with moderate operational benefits • Common discovery + Resource Management Systems • Shared Resource management with local discovery options

    36. New Library Management Model Unified Presentation Layer Search: Self-Check /Automated Return Library Services Platform ` Digital Coll Consolidated index Search Engine Discovery Service ProQuest API Layer StockManagement EBSCO … Enterprise ResourcePlanning Smart Cad / Payment systems JSTOR LearningManagement AuthenticationService Other Resources

    37. Bento Box Discovery Model Aggregated Content packages Search: Open Access ILS Data VuFind / Blacklight E-Journals Consolidated Index Search Results Web Site Content Digital Collections Institutional Repositories Pre-built harvesting and indexing

    38. Socially-powered discovery • Leverage use data to increase effectiveness of discovery • Usage data can identify important or popular materials to inform relevancy engines • Identify related materials that may not otherwise be uncovered through keyword matching • Be careful to avoid introducing bias loops

    39. Public Library Information Portal ILS Data Digital Collections Search: Web Site Content CommunityInformation Aggregated Content packages Search Results Consolidated Index … Customer-providedcontent Reference Sources CustomerProfile Usage-generatedData Archives Pre-built harvesting and indexing

    40. Integrated Library System Branch 6 Branch 5 Branch 4 Branch 8 Branch 2 Branch 1 Branch 7 Branch 3 Main Facility Search: Holdings Patrons useCirculation featuresto request itemsfrom other branches Model: Multi-branchIndependentLibrary System Floating Collectionsmay reduce workload for Inter-branchtransfers BibliographicDatabase Library System

    41. Consortial Resource Sharing System Resource Sharing Application Branch 5 Branch 7 Branch 3 Branch 2 Branch 1 Branch 4 Branch 5 Branch 8 Branch 6 Branch 7 Branch 8 Branch 4 Branch 7 Branch 5 Branch 4 Branch 3 Branch 1 Branch 1 Branch 2 Branch 6 Branch 3 Branch 6 Branch 8 Branch 2 Branch 6 Branch 7 Branch 8 Branch 1 Branch 2 Branch 3 Branch 7 Branch 4 Branch 5 Branch 8 Branch 1 Branch 2 Branch 6 Branch 4 Branch 5 Branch 4 Branch 3 Branch 2 Branch 1 Branch 3 Branch 7 Branch 6 Branch 5 Branch 8 Main Facility Main Facility Main Facility Main Facility Main Facility Main Facility Discovery and Request Management Routines Search: NCIP NCIP Holdings Holdings Holdings Holdings Holdings Holdings NCIP NCIP BibliographicDatabase BibliographicDatabase BibliographicDatabase BibliographicDatabase BibliographicDatabase BibliographicDatabase BibliographicDatabase Inter-System Communications NCIP SIP ISO ILL Z39.50 Staff Fulfillment Tools Library System D Library System E Library System A Library System C Library System B Library System F NCIP NCIP

    42. Shared Consortial ILS Library 6 Library 1 Library 8 Library 7 Library 10 Library 4 Library 3 Library 2 Library 9 Library 5 Search: Holdings ILS configured To support Direct consortial Borrowing throughCirculation Module Model: Multipleindependentlibraries in a Consortium Share an ILS BibliographicDatabase Shared Consortia System

    43. Iceland Libraries

    44. South Australia SA Public Library Network 140 Public Libraries

    45. Chile

    46. Georgia PINES • 275 Libraries • 140 Counties • 9.6 million books • Single Library Card • 43% of population in Georgia

    47. Northern Ireland • Recently consolidated from 4 regional networks into one • 96 branch libraries • 18 mobile libraries • Collections managed through single Axiell SirsiDynix Symphony LMS http://www.ni-libraries.net/

    48. Illinois Heartland Library Consortium • LargestConsortiumin US by Number of Members

    49. E-Book Integration

    50. Critical concern for public libraries • Most libraries offer e-book lending programs • Strong demand: increasing use statistics • Print lending remains vigorous • Academic libraries will benefit at a later phase by e-book lending models developed in the public library sector