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Richard Nixon and the Rise of Conservatism

Richard Nixon and the Rise of Conservatism

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Richard Nixon and the Rise of Conservatism

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  1. Richard Nixon and the Rise of Conservatism • Kennedy -Nixon: 1960 • 1968- Richard Nixon back again! • Vietnamization of the War in SE Asia • Supressing the Left • Watergate and the end of the Imperial Presidency

  2. Kennedy-Nixon debates1960 election

  3. The Election of 1968 • Republican: Richard M. Nixon • Democrat: Hubert H. Humphrey • Independent: George Wallace

  4. Secret Plan to End the War

  5. Secret Plan to End the War • Paris Peace Talks

  6. Secret Plan to End the War • Paris Peace Talks • Vietnamization of the War: Reduce US troops and turn over responsibility for the fighting to the S. Vietnamese

  7. Secret Plan to End the War • Paris Peace Talks • Vietnamization of the War: Reduce US troops and turn over responsibility for the fighting to the S. Vietnamese • Escalation of the Air War

  8. Kent State University

  9. The Pentagon Papers • Daniel Ellsberg’s book about the War in Vietnam that indicated Johnson administration had lied about the Gulf of Tonkin incident and other things.

  10. Watergate-1972

  11. Watergate-1972 • 1970- Secret bombings in Cambodia

  12. Watergate-1972 • Plumbers- Dirty Tricks Squad under direction of Nixon: plug leaks in White house.

  13. Watergate-1972 • Plumbers- Dirty Tricks Squad under direction of Nixon: plug leaks in White house. • 1971-Pentagon Papers published and Plumbers break into Ellsberg’s Psychiatrist’s office.

  14. Watergate-1972 • Plumbers- Dirty Tricks Squad under direction of Nixon: plug leaks in White house. • 1971-Pentagon Papers published and Plumbers break into Ellsberg’s Psychiatrist’s office. • 1972- CREEP- Committee to Re-elect the President formed under John Mitchell.

  15. Watergate • 1972: Plumbers plant wiretaps in Democratic National Headquarters at Watergate Hotel.

  16. Watergate • 1972: Plumbers plant wiretaps in Democratic National Headquarters at Watergate Hotel. • Washington Post investigates

  17. Woodward and Bernstein

  18. Watergate • 1972: Plumbers plant wiretaps in Democratic National Headquarters at Watergate Hotel. • Washington Post investigates • 1974: Special Prosecutor appointed and Senate Hearing begins

  19. John Dean testifies

  20. Watergate • 1972: Plumbers plant wiretaps in Democratic National Headquarters at Watergate Hotel. • 1973: Washington Post investigates • 1974: Special Prosecutor appointed and Senate Hearing begin • 9 August 1974: Nixon resigns under threat of Impeachment

  21. Nixon after resignation

  22. New President– Gerald Ford

  23. Effects of Watergate • The people became more cynical

  24. Effects of Watergate • The people became more cynical • Office of the President badly tarnished

  25. Effects of Watergate • The people became more cynical • Office of the President badly tarnished • Congress passes War Powers Act

  26. Effects of Watergate • The people became more cynical • Office of the President badly tarnished • Congress passes War Powers Act • Congress strengthens Freedom of Information Act

  27. Effects of Watergate • The people became more cynical • Office of the President badly tarnished • Congress passes War Powers Act • Congress strengthens Freedom of Information Act • Divisions in society were deepened