ch 1 physical geography of europe russia n.
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Ch. 1 – Physical Geography of Europe & Russia. TEST REVIEW. KEY TERMS. The average number of people living in a square mile. KEY TERMS. The average number of people living in a square mile population density. KEY TERMS. A cold, dry, treeless region covered with snow for most of the year.

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key terms

KEY TERMS

The average number of people living in a square mile

key terms1

KEY TERMS

The average number of people living in a square mile

population density

key terms2

KEY TERMS

A cold, dry, treeless region covered with snow for most of the year

key terms3

KEY TERMS

A cold, dry, treeless region covered with snow for most of the year

tundra

key terms4

KEY TERMS

A type of rich, dust-like soil

key terms5

KEY TERMS

A type of rich, dust-like soil

loess

key terms6

KEY TERMS

The grasslands of fertile soil suitable for farming in Russia

key terms7

KEY TERMS

The grasslands of fertile soil suitable for farming in Russia

steppes

key terms8

KEY TERMS

A land area nearly surrounded by water

key terms9

KEY TERMS

A land area nearly surrounded by water

peninsula

key terms10

KEY TERMS

The power generated by water-driven turbines

key terms11

KEY TERMS

The power generated by water-driven turbines

hydroelectric power

key terms12

KEY TERMS

wide and deep enough for ships to travel through

key terms13

KEY TERMS

Wide and deep enough for ships to travel through

navigable

key terms14

KEY TERMS

A large raised area of mostly level land bordered on one or more sides with steep slopes or cliffs

key terms15

KEY TERMS

A large raised area of mostly level land bordered on one or more sides with steep slopes or cliffs

plateau

key terms16

KEY TERMS

The area on the dry, sheltered side of a mountain, which receives little rainfall

key terms17

KEY TERMS

The area on the dry, sheltered side of a mountain, which receives little rainfall

rain shadow

key terms18

KEY TERMS

A source of energy that forms from the remains of ancient plants and animals

key terms19

KEY TERMS

A source of energy that forms from the remains of ancient plants and animals

fossil fuel

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KEY TERMS

A permanently frozen layer of ground below the top layer of soil

key terms21

KEY TERMS

A permanently frozen layer of ground below the top layer of soil

permafrost

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KEY TERMS

A river or stream that flows into a larger river

key terms23

KEY TERMS

A river or stream that flows into a larger river

tributary

main ideas

Main Ideas

Why does Europe have a mild, rainy climate year-round?

main ideas1

Main Ideas

Why does Europe have a mild, rainy climate year-round?

The North Atlantic Current carries warm water and warm winds to Europe

main ideas2

Main Ideas

The continent of Europe forms one giant _________.

main ideas3

Main Ideas

The continent of Europe forms one giant peninsula.

main ideas4

Main Ideas

1. Russia is found on which two continents?

2. What is the name of the largest landmass in the world?

main ideas5

Main Ideas

Russia is found on which two continents?

1. Europe & Asia

2. Eurasia

main ideas6

Main Ideas

Compare the sizes of Europe and Russia

main ideas7

Main Ideas

Compare the sizes of Europe and Russia

Europe is a small continent and Russia is the largest country in the world.

main ideas8

Main Ideas

What is the Asian side of Russia known as?

main ideas9

Main Ideas

What is the Asian side of Russia known as?

Siberia

main ideas10

Main Ideas

What landform covers over half of Europe and has productive farmland?

main ideas11

Main Ideas

What landform covers over half of Europe and has productive farmland?

North European Plain

main ideas12

Main Ideas

What mountain range forms a barrier between Europe and Asia?

main ideas13

Main Ideas

What mountain range forms a barrier between Europe and Asia?

Ural Mountains

main ideas14

Main Ideas

Name Europe’s most important natural resources

main ideas15

Main Ideas

Name Europe’s most important natural resources

1. fertile soil

2. water

3. fossil fuels

main ideas16

Main Ideas

Name the world’s largest freshwater lake and where is it found?

main ideas17

Main Ideas

Name the world’s largest freshwater lake and where is it found?

Lake Baikal, southern Russia

main ideas18

Main Ideas

Name the 3 major rivers found in Europe.

main ideas19

Main Ideas

Name the 3 major rivers found in Europe.

1.Volga River (longest, frozen most of the year)

2. Danube River (2nd longest)

3. Rhine River (connected by canals/tributaries)

main ideas20

Main Ideas

In Europe areas west of mountains receive _______ rainfall.

main ideas21

Main Ideas

In Europe areas west of mountains receive heavy rainfall.

west is wet

main ideas22

Main Ideas

What is Ukraine’s most important natural resource?

main ideas23

Main Ideas

What is Ukraine’s most important natural resource?

fertile soil (black earth, good farming)

main ideas24

Main Ideas

Why do only 20% of Russia’s people live in Siberia?

main ideas25

Main Ideas

Why do only 20% of Russia’s people live in Siberia?

the harsh climate

main ideas26

Main Ideas

Why isn’t shipping a major industry in Russia?

main ideas27

Main Ideas

Why isn’t shipping a major industry in Russia?

Arctic Ocean and Volga River are frozen most of the year

main ideas28

Main Ideas

The natural vegetation of much of Europe is…

main ideas29

Main Ideas

The natural vegetation of much of Europe is…

forest

main ideas30

Main Ideas

1. What is the name of the largest forest in the world?

2. What type of forest is it?

main ideas31

Main Ideas

What is the name of the largest forest in the world?

1. taiga

2. coniferous

main ideas32

Main Ideas

The largest coal deposits found in Germany are in what region?

main ideas33

Main Ideas

The largest coal deposits found in Germany are in what region?

Ruhr (a region named for the Ruhr River)

main ideas34

Main Ideas

What climate region would you find in southern Europe (Spain, Italy, Greece)

main ideas35

Main Ideas

What climate region would you find in southern Europe (Spain, Italy, Greece)

Mediterranean climate

main ideas36

Main Ideas

Why hasn’t Russia been able to fully develop its natural resources?

1.

2.

3.

main ideas37

Main Ideas

Why hasn’t Russia been able to fully develop its natural resources?

1. huge size

2. harsh climate

3. few navigable rivers

main ideas38

Main Ideas

Why is the Volga River not navigable all year?

main ideas39

Main Ideas

Why is the Volga River not navigable all year?

It is frozen for part of the year

main ideas40

Main Ideas

Russia has the largest reserves of:

1.

2.

3.

main ideas41

Main Ideas

Russia has the largest reserves of:

1. forests

2. natural gas

3. iron ore

main ideas42

Main Ideas

How are climate regions and vegetation regions related?

main ideas43

Main Ideas

How are climate regions and vegetation regions related?

Climate determines what type of vegetation will grow in an area

Ex.- hot, wet climate = dense vegetation (rain forest)

main ideas44

Main Ideas

Some of the world’s worst pollution problems are found in which country?

main ideas45

Main Ideas

Some of the world’s worst pollution problems are found in which country?

Russia