Chapter 8: Drugs
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Chapter 8: Drugs. Chapter Objectives. The difference between over-the-counter and prescription drugs. Potential adverse side effects of drugs. Interaction between drugs. The generic name and the trade name of a drug. Drug references. Word parts pertaining to drugs.

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Chapter objectives
Chapter Objectives

  • The difference between over-the-counter and prescription drugs.

  • Potential adverse side effects of drugs.

  • Interaction between drugs.

  • The generic name and the trade name of a drug.

  • Drug references.

  • Word parts pertaining to drugs.

  • Major categories of drugs and how they act.

  • Common herbal medicines, how they act, issues involved in their use.

  • Common routes of drug administration.

  • Standard forms in which liquid and solid drugs are prepared.

  • Abbreviations related to drugs and their use.




Abbreviations drugs and drug formulations
AbbreviationsDrugs and Drug Formulations


Abbreviations drugs and drug formulations cont d
AbbreviationsDrugs and Drug Formulations (cont’d)


Abbreviations dosages and directions
AbbreviationsDosages and Directions


Abbreviations dosages and directions cont d
Abbreviations Dosages and Directions (cont’d)


Abbreviations dosages and directions cont d1
AbbreviationsDosages and Directions (cont’d)


Abbreviations dosages and directions cont d2
AbbreviationsDosages and Directions (cont’d)


Drugs
Drugs

  • Substance that alters body function

  • Derived from:

    • Natural plants

    • Animals

    • Mineral sources

    • Synthetic material

    • Genetic engineering

  • Obtained OTC or by prescription

  • FDA regulates





Adverse drug effects
Adverse Drug Effects

  • Sometimes have effects not intended:

    • Side effects, usually minor

    • Anaphylaxis = severe allergic reaction

  • May not be used even if normally beneficial:

    • Contraindications = reasons not to use based on specific info about individual

    • Synergy or antagonist drugs reacting with /against each other

  • Sometimes cause substance dependence or tolerance


Drug names
Drug Names

  • Generic

    • Simple version of chemical name for drug

    • Not capitalized

  • Brand name

    • Registered trademark of manufacturer

    • Same drug by different companies have different trade names

    • Begins with capital letter


Drug information
Drug Information

  • Four sources:

    • United States Pharmacopeia

      • Published by national committee of pharmacologists

      • Contains standards for:

        • Testing drug strength

        • Testing drug quality

        • Testing drug purity

        • Preparation of drugs

        • Dispensing of drugs


Drug information cont d
Drug Information (cont’d)

  • American Society of Health System Pharmacists (ASHP)

  • Physician’s Desk Reference

    • Information supplied by drug manufacturers

  • Pharmacist


Herbal medicines
Herbal Medicines

  • Use of plants to treat disease

  • Technical term for herbal medicine: phytomedicine

  • Ongoing issues:

    • Purity

    • Safety

    • Concentration

    • Efficacy (effectiveness)

    • Drug interactions


Herbal medicines cont d
Herbal Medicines (cont’d)

  • No FDA testing or regulation

  • Office of Dietary Support supports and coordinates research


Pretest
Pretest

The federal agency that approves drugs for sale is the:

(a) Food and Drug Administration

(b) US Department of Agriculture

(c) Department of Health and Human Services

(d) Occupational Safety and Health Administration


Pretest1
Pretest

The federal agency that approves drugs for sale is the:

(a) Food and Drug Administration

(b) US Department of Agriculture

(c) Department of Health and Human Services

(d) Occupational Safety and Health Administration


Pretest2
Pretest

  • A reason for not using a specific drug is:

    (a) prescription

    (b) prognosis

    (c) counterpurpose

    (d) contraindication


Pretest3
Pretest

  • A reason for not using a specific drug is:

    (a) prescription

    (b) prognosis

    (c) counterpurpose

    (d) contraindication


Pretest4
Pretest

  • A manufacturer’s registered name for a drug is its:

    (a) chemical name

    (b) generic name

    (c) brand name

    (d) over the counter name


Pretest5
Pretest

  • A manufacturer’s registered name for a drug is its:

    (a) chemical name

    (b) generic name

    (c) brand name

    (d) over the counter name


Pretest6
Pretest

  • A written and signed order for a drug is a(n):

    (a) license

    (b) prescription

    (c) indication

    (d) therapy


Pretest7
Pretest

  • A written and signed order for a drug is a(n):

    (a) license

    (b) prescription

    (c) indication

    (d) therapy


Pretest8
Pretest

  • The word root for drug or medicine is:

    (a) pharm

    (b) scop

    (c) log

    (d) lapar


Pretest9
Pretest

  • The word root for drug or medicine is:

    (a) pharm

    (b) scop

    (c) log

    (d) lapar


Pretest10
Pretest

  • An analgesic is a drug used for:

    (a) fractures

    (b) water retention

    (c) coma

    (d) pain


Pretest11
Pretest

  • An analgesic is a drug used for:

    (a) fractures

    (b) water retention

    (c) coma

    (d) pain


Pretest12
Pretest

  • An antihypertensive drug affects:

    (a) blood pressure

    (b) diet

    (c) growth

    (d) ovulation


Pretest13
Pretest

  • An antihypertensive drug affects:

    (a) blood pressure

    (b) diet

    (c) growth

    (d) ovulation


Pretest14
Pretest

  • The solvent in an aqueous solution is:

    (a) acid

    (b) water

    (c) salt

    (d) base


Pretest15
Pretest

  • The solvent in an aqueous solution is:

    (a) acid

    (b) water

    (c) salt

    (d) base


Pretest16
Pretest

  • The abbreviation IV means:

    (a) inverted

    (b) introverted

    (c) intravenous

    (d) inviable


Pretest17
Pretest

  • The abbreviation IV means:

    (a) inverted

    (b) introverted

    (c) intravenous

    (d) inviable


Pretest18
Pretest

  • The abbreviation prn means:

    (a) as needed

    (b) once a day

    (c) each night

    (d) before meals


Pretest19
Pretest

  • The abbreviation prn means:

    (a) as needed

    (b) once a day

    (c) each night

    (d) before meals


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