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Urban America. Urbanization: Chapter 15, Section 2. Migration to Cities. 1870-1900– Urban population grew from 10 million – 30 million NYC: 800,000-3.5 million (1860-1900) Chicago: 109,000-1.6 million (by 1900) 1840: 131 cities– by 1900: 1,700 cities Immigrants– Why? Rural Americans– Why?.

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urban america

Urban America

Urbanization: Chapter 15, Section 2

migration to cities
Migration to Cities
  • 1870-1900– Urban population grew from 10 million – 30 million
    • NYC: 800,000-3.5 million (1860-1900)
    • Chicago: 109,000-1.6 million (by 1900)
  • 1840: 131 cities– by 1900: 1,700 cities
  • Immigrants– Why?
  • Rural Americans– Why?
new urban environment
New Urban Environment
  • Engineers and architects developed new approaches to housing and transport
  • Skyscrapers
    • 1885: Home Insurance Building (Chicago)
    • Manhattan
    • Louis Sullivan
  • Mass Transit
    • Horsecar
    • 1873: Cable cars– San Francisco
    • 1877: Electric trolley car (Frank J. Sprague)
    • Elevated train/subway systems
separation by class
Separation by Class
  • Wealthy, middle, and working class people all lived in different parts of town.
  • High Society– Fashionable districts
  • Middle-Class Gentility– “Streetcar Suburbs”
  • Working Class– Tenements
urban problems
Urban Problems
  • Crime, violence, disease, pollution– particularly for working class
  • Rapid urbanization made these problems worse
  • 1880-1900– Murder rate jumped from 25 per million people to 100 per million people
  • Native born Americans often blamed immigrants
  • Alcohol
urban politics
Urban Politics
  • Political system derived to meet urban problems– provided essential city services in return for political power
  • ThePolitical Machine, ran by Party Bosses– Why?
    • Cities grew faster than their governments
  • People needed jobs, houses, food, heat, and police– provided by Machine and Party Bosses
  • Graft and fraud
  • Tammany Hall