Chapter 15 Urban America - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

benjamin
chapter 15 urban america l.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Chapter 15 Urban America PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Chapter 15 Urban America

play fullscreen
1 / 22
Download Presentation
Chapter 15 Urban America
386 Views
Download Presentation

Chapter 15 Urban America

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Chapter 15Urban America Section 4 The Rebirth of Reform

  2. Social Criticism • *Don’t Write* • Industrialization & urbanization led to debates among Americans over the issue of how to handle society’s problems.

  3. Social Criticism • 1879 – Henry George wrote Progress and Poverty. • Raised questions about American society & challenged the ideas of Social Darwinism and laissez-faire economics.

  4. Progress & Poverty • “it becomes no easier for the masses of our people to make a living. On the contrary it becomes harder….The gulf between the employed and the employer is growing wider; social contrasts are becoming sharper; as liveried carriages appear, so do barefoot children.”

  5. Social Criticism • 1883 – Lester Frank Ward’s Dynamic Sociology argued that humans were unlike animals because they could think and plan ahead. • It was cooperation and not competition that caused people to succeed. • Wanted more gov’t involvement. • Became known as Reform Darwinsim.

  6. Social Criticism • 1888 – Edward Bellamy’s Looking Backward 2000-1887 shaped American reformers in the late 1800s. • Tells of a perfect society in the year 2000. • Ideas were a form of socialism.

  7. Naturalism in Literature • Naturalism criticized industrial society. • Suggested that some people failed in life due to circumstances they couldn’t control. • Writer’s included: • Stephen Crane – Maggie, A Girl of the Streets • Frank Norris – McTeague • Jack London • Theodore Dreiser – Sister Carrie

  8. The Social Gospel • Washington Gladden was a supporter of the Social Gospel. • He wanted to apply “Christian Law” to social problems. • Members of the S.G. worked to better conditions in cities through charity & justice.

  9. Washington Gladden

  10. Social Gospel • Walter Rauschenbusch later led the movement. • He believed competition was the cause of most social problems. • This led many churches to take on community functions to improve society.

  11. The Salvation Army • 1878 – the Salvation Army offered aid and religious counseling to urban poor.

  12. YMCA • Attempted to help industrial workers & urban poor through Bible studies, prayer meetings, citizenship training, and group activities.

  13. Revivalism • Dwight Moody – president of the Chicago YMCA. • Founded the Moody Memorial Church. • 1867 – brought revivals to other cities. • Against the Social Gospel & Social Darwinism. • Felt the way to help poor was by redeeming their soul and not by providing services.

  14. Dwight L. Moody

  15. The Settlement House Movement • Promoted by reformers who felt it was their Christian duty to improve the living conditions of the poor. • Jane Addams opened Hull House (1889) and inspired many others. • Medical care, recreation programs, & English classes were provided.

  16. Jane Addams

  17. Public Education • The increase of industry resulted in a need for better-trained workers. • Americanization – becoming knowledgeable about American culture, was the key to the success of immigrant children.

  18. Booker T. Washington opened Tuskegee Institute in 1881. African-American Education

  19. Education for the Workplace • City schools helped immigrants assimilate. • Grammar school system in the city divided students into 8 separate grades to help prepare for the workplace.

  20. Expanding Higher Education • Number of colleges greatly increased in the late 1800s. • Result of the Morrill Land Grant Act, which gave federal land grants to states for the purposes of establishing agricultural & mechanical colleges.

  21. Public Libraries • Free libraries provided education to city dwellers. • Andrew Carnegie donated millions toward the construction of libraries.

  22. End of Chapter 15 Next: TEST