chapter 6 in sunny spain 1882 1885 n.
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  1. Chapter 6IN SUNNY SPAIN(1882-1885) • Rizal’s Secret Mission To observe keenly the life, culture,, languages and customs and laws of the European nations in order to prepare himself in the mighty task of liberating his people. - Djemnah with 50 passengers on board • Secret Departure for Spain Paciano, uncle Antonio Rivera, his sisters (Neneng and Lucia), The Valenzuela family, Pedro Paterno, Mateo Evangelista, Chengoy and the Jesuit priest

  2. May 3, 1882 - departed on board Salvadora - 16 passengers- the only Filipino on board with Spaniards, British, and Indian Negroes as felllow passengers • Singapore - May 9 when Salvadora docked Singapore - Registered at Hotel dela Paz - Spent two days sightseeing: Botanical gardens, Buddhist temples, shopping district and statue of Sir Thomas Raffles (founder of Singapore)

  3. Colombo

  4. From Singapore to Colombo - Djemnah – French steamer which left Singapore for Europe on May 11 - British, French, Dutch, Spaniards, Malays, Siamese and Filipinos (Mr.&Mrs. Salazar, Vicente Pardo and Jose Rizal) - French was mostly spoken but Jose to his surprise and embarassment found that his book of French is inadequate. - May 17, Djemnah reached point Galle (seacost of Ceylon) “ Picturuesque but lonely and quiet and at the same time sad”

  5. Suez Canal

  6. -Colombo (Capital of Ceylon) “ Colombo is more beautiful, smart and elegant that Singapore, Point Galle and Manila” • Africa • “ Inhospitable land but famous” • First Trip to Suez Canal -From Aden the Djemnah proceeded to the Red Sea terminal - it took the Djemnah five days to traverse through the Suez caal which was built by Ferdinand de Lesseps (November 17, 1869) - Port Said – he was fascinated to hear the multi-racial inhabitants speaking a Babel of tongues.

  7. BARCELONA Las Ramblas

  8. Barcelona - May 15 leaving Marseilles by train, finally reaching his destination – Barcelona on June 16, 1882 -The greatest city of Cataluña and Spain's 2nd largest city “ IT was ugly, with dirty little inns and inhospitable residents” – “town’s most ugly side -There is an atmosphere of freedom and liberalism and the people were open-hearted , hospitable, and courageous. -Las Ramblas – most famous street in Barcelona • Amor Patrio (Love of Country) - nationalistic essay under the pen-name Laong Laan and sent to Diariong Tagalog, Basilio Teodoro Moran, publisher. • Los Viajes (Travels)and Revista de Madrid (Review of Madrid)

  9. Central University of Madrid MADRID

  10. Manila Moves to Madrid - Cholera epidemic ravaging Manila and the provinces. (Paciano’s letter dated september 15,1882) - Unhappiness of Leonor Rivera, who was getting thinner because of the absence of a loved ones. (Chengoy’s letter) - Paciano adviced his younger brother (dated May 26. 1882) to finish the medical course in Madrid. • Life in Madrid • Nov. 3 enrolled in the Universidad Central de Madrid in two courses – Medicine and Philosophy and Letters • Studied painting and sculpture in Academy of Fine Arts of San Fernando - Took lessons in French, German and English under private instructors

  11. - Practiced fencing and shooting in the Hall of Arms y Carbonell - Visited art galleries and museums and read all subjects under the sun - Led a Spartan life in Madrid – lived frugally, spending his money on food, clothing, lodging and books - His only extravagance was investing a few pesetas for a lottery - He spent his leisure time reading and writing in his boarding house, attending reunions at the house of the Paterno brothers and practicing fencing and shooting at the gymnasium - Summer twilights fraternized with the students - Saturday evenings he visited the home of Don Pablo Ortiga

  12. Romance with Consuelo Ortiga y Perez • They Ask Me for Verses “Mi Piden Versos” - personally declaimed during the New Year’s Eve reception of the Circulo-Hispano Filipino • As Lover of Books - purchased books from a second-hand bookstore owned by Señor Roses -Uncle Tom’s Cabin and Wandering Jew – aroused his sympathy for the oppressed and unfortunate people

  13. First Visit to Paris (1883)”Costliest capital of Europe” Purpose: To improve his minds by observing closely the French way of life and spending many hours in the museums, botanical gardens, libraries and art galleries, and the hospitals, including Laennec Hospital, Dr. Nicaise, and the Larisboisiere Hospital, where he observed the examination of different diseases of women

  14. Rizal as a Mason - Rizal was impressed by way the Spanish Masons openly and freely criticized the the government policies and lambasted the friars - Acacia –March 1883 Reason: To secure freemasonry’s aid in his fight against the friars in the Philippines, he intended to utilize Freemasonry as his shield to combat them -Lodge Solidaridad- became a Master Mason – he was awarded as a Master Mason by Le Grant Orient de France in Paris - “Science, Virtue and Labor” only masonic writing delivered in 1889 - Graciano Lopez Jaena, Mariano Ponce and MH del Pilar

  15. Financial Worries -Due to hard times in Calamba the monthly allowances were late in arrival which cause much suffering to him. • Paciano was forced to sell Jose’s pony in order to send the money to Madrid. • Touching incident on June 24, 1884 • Salute to Luna and Hidalgo - National Exposition of Fine Arts in Madrid Juan Luna – Spolarium (1st Prize) Felix Ressurection Hidalgo – Christian Virgins Exposed to the Populace (2nd)

  16. Spolarium Juan Luna

  17. Felix R. Hidalgo

  18. Rizal Involved in the Student Demonstration “ Freedom of Science and Teacher” Don Miguel Morayta – Professor of History – such liberal view was condemned by the Catholic Bishops and promptly excommunicated Dr. Morayta and those who applauded the speech. Recounting the tumultuous rioting to his family in an open letter dated November 26, 1884

  19. Studies Completed in Spain • Was conferred the degree of Licentiate in Medicine by the University on June 21, 1884 • The next academic year studied and passed all the subjects leading to the degree of the Doctor of Medicine – however: • That he did not present the thesis required for graduation • Paid the corresponding fees - he was not awarded the Doctor’s Diploma • Also finished his studies in Philosophy and Letters with the rating of “Excellent” • HE did not bother to secure post graduate degree – “I doubt if the Dominican fathers will appoint me in UST