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Chapter 11 Section 2. Early 1862- “picnic” over??? South- lack of manpower. Chapter 11 Section 2. Powers- South- similar to the North States’ rights and slavery Common good South- fewer resources General Lee- draft- required military service 3 years- military- white men- 18 to 35

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chapter 11 section 2

Chapter 11 Section 2

Early 1862- “picnic” over???

South- lack of manpower

chapter 11 section 21
Chapter 11 Section 2
  • Powers- South- similar to the North
  • States’ rights and slavery
  • Common good
  • South- fewer resources
  • General Lee- draft- required military service
  • 3 years- military- white men- 18 to 35
  • Upped to 45 and 50
  • Gov’t- charge of South’s economy
  • Tax- personal incomes
  • Local authorities refused to cooperate
chapter 11 section 22
Chapter 11 Section 2
  • Confederacy- no recognition- Europe
  • Alabama- captured 60 Northern merchant ships
  • 1862- Napoleon III- ruler of France
  • Sent troops- Mexico
  • British- wait and see
chapter 11 section 23
Chapter 11 Section 2
  • Tensions between Great Britain and the US
  • John Slidell, James Mason- ship Trent- Europe
  • Captured
  • British gov’t- troops to Canada
  • One war at a time- Lincoln
  • Lincoln- $19 million
  • Congress- Pacific Railroad Act- NE to Pacific
  • Homestead Act- free gov’t land
  • Raise tariff rates
chapter 11 section 24
Chapter 11 Section 2
  • Federal income tax- US history
  • Internal Revenue Act- liquor, tobacco, medicine, newspaper ads
  • National currency- greenbacks
  • North- draft
  • Democrats- Copperheads- against the war
  • Freed slaves- jobs away from the whites
chapter 11 section 25
Chapter 11 Section 2
  • Border states- slave states- Union
  • DE, MD, MO, KY
  • “Disloyal” members- MD- arrested
  • KY, MO- control- Mississippi
  • KY- martial law- emergency rule- military authorities
  • Writ of habeas corpus suspended
  • Legal protection- court determination- lawful imprisonment
chapter 11 section 26
Chapter 11 Section 2
  • Republican Party- Radical Republicans- punish- CSA
  • Lincoln opposed slavery
  • No legal authority- abolish it
  • January 1, 1863- Emancipation Proclamation
  • No clout
  • Lee defeated- Antietam
  • France and England- no interference
chapter 11 section 27
Chapter 11 Section 2
  • African Americans- join the Union army
  • Union general Benjamin Butler
  • Free slaves
  • Contraband- captured items
  • Let the slaves go
  • 1865- 180,000 African Americans- Union army
  • July 1863- Fort Wagner, Charleston, SC
  • 54th Massachusetts Infantry
  • Colonel Robert Gould Shaw
  • Sergeant William Carney- first African American- Congressional Medal of Honor
chapter 11 section 28
Chapter 11 Section 2
  • Depletion- South’s labor force
  • North- greater numerical advantages
  • Food shortage- South
  • Union blockade- surplus cotton
  • Food riots erupted
  • Labor shortage, lack of goods- inflation
  • Profiteers- huge amount of money
chapter 11 section 29
Chapter 11 Section 2
  • North- farms and factories
  • Samuel Colt- guns for the army
  • Prison Camps
  • North- Point Lookout- MD, Camp Chase- OH
  • South- Andersonville- GA, Richmond- Libby Prison
chapter 11 section 210
Chapter 11 Section 2
  • Medical care quite poor
  • Diseases rampant- mumps, measles
  • Malaria, pneumonia, nutritional foods lacking
  • Clara Barton- “angel of the battlefield”
  • American Red Cross
  • Dorothea Dix- nursing corps
  • US Sanitary Commission created