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CHAPTER 2 SECTION 2. Chapter 2, Section 2. If a basketball team had fiver players who were considered big starts, what problems might arise?. Miami Heat intro to LeBron James, Chris Bosh and Dwyane Wade – YouTube
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Chapter 2, Section 2 • If a basketball team had fiver players who were considered big starts, what problems might arise?
Miami Heat intro to LeBron James, Chris Bosh and Dwyane Wade – YouTube • We’ll lay the foundations for understanding how the 13 colonies learned to work together for a common cause
Benjamin Franklin said… “We must all hang together, or assuredly we shall all hang separately.” –July 4, 1776 at the Second Continental Congress So how did the colonists go from establishing colonies, as we looked at yesterday, to declaring independence? We’ll look at that now…..
Hard to govern 3,000 miles away • London was nearly 3,000 miles away. It took nearly two months for news to sail back and forth so…. • the colonists became used to a large measure of self-government.
A Bit of History London was responsible for • defense and for foreign affairs • uniform system of money & credit • common market for colonial trade Beyond that, the colonies were allowed a wide amount of self-rule until……
King George III …..until King III came to the throne in 1760
New Restrictions from London • Navigation Acts • Taxes on sugar, rum, molasses, & tea • Stamp Actand other new taxes imposed • Taxes were set to pay for the British troops in North America
Stamp Act Congress The Stamp Act required that a tax stamp be put on all legal documents, on certain business agreements, and on newspapers. October 1765, nine colonies sent delegates to the Stamp Act Congress in New York. Prepared a protest called the Declaration of Rights and Grievances
Stamp Act Congress • Boston 1768: America the Story of Us – YouTube • Reaction to taxes “No Taxation Without Reprsentation!” • Parliament repealed the Stamp Act, but friction had mounted. Parliament passed the Declaratory Act which stated Parliament could make any law concerning the colonies. • Britain reacted by creating more laws to strengthen the ties • Colonists began to boycott English goods
Boston Massacre • The Boston Massacre: America the Story of Us – YouTube • On March 5, 1770, the Boston Massacre occurred • Who defended the British troops in court??? • Boston Massacre followed by…..
The Boston Tea Party • All taxes had been repealed except for the tax on tea…. • The Boston Tea Party: America the Story of Us - YouTube
First Continental Congress September 5, 1774 in Philiadelphia The result of laws passed by Parliament, called the Intolerable Acts in the colonies. It’s a Who’s Who of Founding Fathers: John Adams Samuel Adams John Jay George Washington Patrick Henry
First Continental Congress • Sent a Declaration of Rights, protesting Britain’s colonial policies, to King George III • Urged all the colonies to refuse all trade with England until the taxes and trade regulations were repealed. • Called for the creation of local committees to enforce the boycott. • Adjourned in October and called for a second congress to convene the following May. • All the colonial legislatures supported the actions of the First Continental Congress.
Second Continental Congress May 10, 1775 British govt refused to compromise & reacted to the Declaration of Rights with stricter measures Lexington and Concord had been fought in April
Articles of Confederation • March 1, 1781 went into effect • We’ll look at this in more detail tomorrow.
First State Constitutions • Common Features: see the chart on page 39
Activity • Finish at home if necessary • Read the Declaration of Independence-page 40-43 • “Reviewing the Declaration” on page 43. • Choose the 10 words you don’t know. Define them. Then, choose an alternative word that could replace it.