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Chapter 2 Section 2

Chapter 2 Section 2

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Chapter 2 Section 2

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  1. Chapter 2 Section 2 The Derivative!

  2. Definition • The derivative of a function f(x) at x = a is defined as f’(a) = limf(a+h) – f(a) • h->0 h • Given that a limit exists. • Then f is differentiable at x = a.

  3. Example! • Find the derivative of f(x) = x3 + x – 1 at x = 1 • Start with f(1 + h) – f(1)/h

  4. General Example! • Find the derivative of f(x)=x3+x-1 at some point x. (this point we don’t know)Differentiation • The derivative of f(x) to get the new function f’(x) given a limit exists. The process is called differentiation.

  5. Derivative of a sqrt function • If f(x) = √x • What do the x’s have to be? • We need to figure out how to derive a new function from this using our formula.

  6. Now to some graphing ?!? • Let’s look at some graphs of functions.

  7. More graphing!!! • Graphs of derivatives.

  8. Alternative notation • f’(x) = y’ = dy/dx = df/dx = d/dxf(x) • Where d/dx is called the differential operator • Or tells you to take the derivative of f(x)

  9. Theorem 2.1 • If f(x) is differentiable at x = a then f(x) is continuous at x = a. • EXAMPLE TIME!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

  10. Show f(x) = 2 if x > 2 and 2x if x≥2 • At x = 2. • Let’s graph it! And then check our LIMITS!!!

  11. Some non differentiable exampples • See Page 171, basically if there is a discontinuity in the graph, it is not differentiable at that point. • Or a “cusp” or “Vertical Tangent” line.

  12. Approximating a derivative/velocity numerically • Use the function to evaluate the limit of the slopes of secant lines! • Use f(x) = x2√(x3 + 2) at x = 1.